23 Jan 1945
  • USS Sennet attacked Japanese patrol boats off the Bonin Islands, sinking one and damaging another with 1 of 6 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet units reached the Oder River in the Silesia region of occupied Poland. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • In fighting at Brachterbeek, the Netherlands, Lance Corporal Henry Harden, a medic attached to the Commandos, sprinted 100 yards under fire over open ground to attend three wounded men. He carried one back to safety and, despite being hit, insisted on returning for the others. As he hoisted the second wounded man onto his back, he was shot and killed. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Anglo-Indian troops captured Myinmu, Burma. The last Japanese survivors drowned themselves in the Irrawaddy River to avoid capture. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Wake Island arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands for repairs. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Barb attacked a Japanese convoy near Nanguan Island ("Namkwan harbor"), Zhejiang Province, China at 0405 hours, firing eight torpedoes and recording eight hits. At 1130 hours, Commander Eugene Fluckey sent Sino-American Special Technical Cooperative Organization (SACO) chief Commander Milton Miles a radio message, thanking him for the intelligence about the attack location. In Jun 1991, Fluckey was able to visit the fishing village of Huang Qi where several eyewitnesses of the attack still lived; the Chinese recalled seeing 4 Japanese ships sinking and 3 heavily damaged. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Emden departed Königsberg, Germany (now Kaliningrad, Russia) with the remains of Paul von Hindenburg aboard. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Helmuth von Moltke was executed at the Plötzensee Prison in Berlin, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kriegsmarine units began the evacuation of German civilians from Ostpreußen (East Prussia) and Danzig (Operation Hannibal). Meanwhile, Soviet troops reached Elbing, Danzig-Westpreußen, Germany (now Elblag) on the Baltic coast. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • A UKR official attached to Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front reported that between 1 Jan 1945 and 20 Jan 1945, 2 German counterintelligence personnel, 39 German intelligence personnel, and 7 Hungarian intelligence personnel were arrested in Hungary. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • B-24 bombers of No. 159 Squadron RAF from Kharagpur in eastern India mined the Penang Strait. ww2dbase [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Jan 1945
Battleship Indiana and Cruiser Division 5 bombarded Iwo Jima, 23 Jan 1945, photo 1 of 2Battleship Indiana and Cruiser Division 5 bombarded Iwo Jima, 23 Jan 1945, photo 2 of 2A burial at sea aboard the USS Hancock, 23 Jan 1945. These sailors died 4 days earlier when a TBM Avenger aircraft exploded just after landing. The explosion bent flight deck frame members that can be seen overhead.

23 Jan 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944