16 Mar 1945
  • Commanding officer Captain William Rassieur of USS Sargent Bay was relieved by Captain Richard Oliver. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • American bombers dropped 300 bombs on Vienna, Austria, many of which landed in the Tiergarten Schönbrunn, which was the world's oldest zoo. 2,000 animals out of 3,500 in the zoo were killed. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • 307 US B-29 bombers devastated a 3-square mile area in Kobe, Japan and caused 15,000 in casualties. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • 12 Lancaster bombers and 12 Halifax bombers conducted minelaying operations off Helgoland, Germany and in the Kattegat. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler, having abandoned his command with Army Group Vistula three days prior, checked himself into a sanatorium at Hohenlychen, Germany so that doctors there could treat his influenza. When Heinz Guderian came to visit him, he would request Guderian to carry his letter of resignation as commanding officer of Army Group Vistula to Adolf Hitler. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US troops in landed on Basilan in the Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rudolf Heß noted that 2 million Jews were gassed between Jun 1941 and late 1943. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vasily Kuznetsov was made the commanding officer of 3rd Shock Army. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Anglo-Indian troops assaulted Fort Dufferin in Mandalay, Burma in failure, suffering heavy casualties. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • 32 B-24 bombers of the US 14th Air Force escorted by 10 P-51 fighters attacked railyards at Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German forces began falling back from the front lines at Kolberg, Germany (now Kolobrzeg, Poland). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front threw two fresh armies against the German attack towards Budapest, Hungary. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • I-14 departed Kobe, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Americans declared Iwo Jima, Japan secure, but fighting continued. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Spot sank a Japanese cargo ship in the East China Sea, hitting her with 1 of 8 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit at Albert Road in Leyton, London, England, United Kingdom at 0638 hours, killing 23 and seriously injuring 18. Another rocket hit Willesden near Hampstead, London at 0230 hours, damaging 200 houses. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Mar 1945
This Japanese soldier played dead for almost two days half buried in a shell hole holding a live grenade. Promising no resistance, he was given a cigarette before being removed from the hole, Iwo Jima, Mar 16, 1945A North American P-51D Mustang of the Vll Fighter Command taking off from Saipan, Mariana Islands for the newly-captured airfield on Iwo Jima, Mar 16, 1945. Note the twin oversized VLR drop tanks.

16 Mar 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944