11 Jun 1937
  • Basque forces withdrew behind the "Ring of Iron" defences around Bilbao, Spain as Nationalist forces pressed on with their attacks, but these proved to be less than effective when subjected to heavy artillery bombardment. Under cover of the bombardment, the Nationalists were able to breach the outer defences and the "Ring of Iron" collapsed. ww2dbase [The Spanish Civil War | AC]
  • Do 18F "Zyklon" flying boat took its maiden flight. ww2dbase [Do 18 | CPC]
  • Spitfire fighter designer Reginald J. Mitchell died of cancer, aged 42. ww2dbase [Spitfire | AC]
  • Soviet Marshal Mikhail Nikolaievich Tukhachevsky and seven other Soviet military leaders were shot after "confessing", under NKVD torture, to a plot to overthrow Joseph Stalin. ww2dbase [AC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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"Since peace is now beyond hope, we can but fight to the end."

Chiang Kaishek, 31 Jul 1937

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