12 Jul 1940 Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-56 attacked British transport ship Dunera with a torpedo in the North Channel between England, United Kingdom and Ireland; the torpedo glanced off the ship without exploding; the commanding officer of U-56 did not realize that Dunera was carrying, among others, Italian and German prisoners of war bound for Australia. ww2dbase [First Happy Time | U-56 | North Channel | CPC]
  • German submarine U-99 sank Greek ship Ia in the Atlantic Ocean 160 miles southwest of Ireland at 0200 hours; 3 were killed and 27 were later rescued. At 2300 hours, U-99 struck again and fired a torpedo at Estonian ship Merisaar, but missed; with shots from the deck gun, she stopped the Estonian ship and forced her to sail into the German-occupied French port of Bordeaux (before reaching Bordeaux, however, a German aircraft would sink her on 15 Jul). ww2dbase [U-99 | First Happy Time | CPC]
Brazil
  • USS O'Brien departed Pará, Brazil for La Guaira, Venezuela. ww2dbase [O'Brien | Pará | CPC]
  • Destroyers USS Walke and USS Wainwright arrived at Pará, Brazil with Marines for cruisers USS Wichita and USS Quincy. ww2dbase [Pará | CPC]
Canada
  • Operation Fish: British ships arrived at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada with US$1,750,000,000 worth of gold and securities from the Bank of England was destined for the Bank of Canada's vault in Ottawa. ww2dbase [Halifax, Nova Scotia | CPC]
Chile
  • USS Phoenix arrived at Valparaiso, Chile on a mission "to cultivate friendly relations". ww2dbase [Phoenix | Valparaiso | CPC]
China
  • Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong ordered his troops to move against Nationalist positions in Jiangsu Province, China. ww2dbase [Battle of Huangqiao | CPC]
France
  • Jean de Lattre de Tassigny was made a Grand Officier of the Ordre national de la LĂ©gion d'honneur. ww2dbase [Jean de Lattre de Tassigny | CPC]
  • The Office of the General Secretary of the Youth was established in France with Georges Lamirand as the leader. ww2dbase [CPC]
Italy Mediterranean Sea
  • In the Mediterranean Sea, Italian bombers attacked British battleship HMS Warspite and cruiser HMS Liverpool between 0850 and 1150 hours. HMS Liverpool was hit by a dud, but it still killed 1 and wounded 2. One Italian bomber was shot down by a Sea Gladiator carrier biplane fighter from HMS Eagle. ww2dbase [Warspite | Malta Campaign | CPC]
Poland Portugal
  • US passenger liner Manhattan departed Lisbon, Portugal with about 800 American citizens and their families fleeing the European War. ww2dbase [Lisbon | CPC]
Turkey
  • The Turkish Prime Minister stated that Turkey intended to remain faithful to her friendships, but that any threat to her independence would be met by resort to arms. ww2dbase [AC]
United Kingdom
  • German He 111 and Do 17 bombers attacked Allied convoy code named Booty off of Essex and Suffolk, England, United Kingdom; 2 British Spitfire fighters and 1 British Hurricane fighter were lost in the battle, but they prevented sinkings. In southern England, German Ju 87 Stuka dive bombers attacked Portland and Exeter, losing two aircraft. At Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom, a He 111 bomber on a reconnaissance mission was intercepted and shot down, but was able to release one bomb on the city before crashing into the city's ice rink. ww2dbase [Battle of Britain | England | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Jul 1940
Aerial view of Ewa Field, Oahu, Hawaii, 12 Jul 1940. Although clearly an airship mooring field, this photo was not taken from an airship since no airship ever came within sight of this field.

12 Jul 1940 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935


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