27 Jul 1942
  • American submarine USS Gar detected Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru and allowed her to pass. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Boise departed Pearl Harbor for Japan; it was to generate radio traffic to deceive the Japanese of a large invasion force. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki escorted a troop convoy from Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands to Buna, New Guinea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In southern Russia, German troops captured Bataysk, while the 6th Army attempted to destroy the Soviet bridgehead near Kalach. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • German submarine U-582 sank US ship Stella Lykes 820 miles west of Freetown, British West Africa at 0847 hours; 1 was killed, 49 survived, 2 of whom were captured. At 1414 hours, U-752 sank Norwegian ship Leikanger 450 miles southwest of Freetown; 18 were killed, 13 survived. At 1740 hours, U-130 sank British ship Elmwood 670 miles west of Freetown; all 51 aboard survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • The 39 survivors of Norwegian tanker Tankexpress, sunk by German submarine U-130 two days earlier, stopped their convoy of one motorboat and two lifeboats in order to repair the motor on the motorboat that had ceased. Succeeding in the repairs but wishing to save the little petrol they had left in case the wind should die down, all three boats opened their sails to continue their journey. The port boat proved to sail better than the others, followed by the starboard boat, then the motorboat, and they sailed on in that order, with the 2nd mate in the foremost boat and the captain, 3rd mate and 1st mate in the motorboat, from which the navigation took place. A heavy rainfall that evening and throughout the night meant that rationing of water was not necessary, but they all got thoroughly soaked that night (rationing of provisions had been set according to an estimated stay of 20 days in the lifeboats). ww2dbase [HM]
Australian Papua
  • Australian troops began preparing defenses at the Kokoda airfield in Australian Papua. Two transport aircraft carrying reinforcements for the airfield circled the airfield and headed back to Port Moresby without landing the troops, fearing that the airfield was about to be captured. Meanwhile, Australian Captain Sam Templeton, the commanding officer of the Papuan Infantry Battalion who had been captured on the previous day at Oivi, Australian Papua, was executed by sword. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Baltic Sea
  • Submarine S-7 damaged German transport Ellen Larsen south of Venspils, Latvia with her deck gun after a failed torpedo attack. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Egypt
  • The initial hours of the Allies Operation Manhood offensive in Egypt near El Alamein was successful, but British tanks failed to follow up, thus the subsequent Axis counterattack at dawn inflicted heavy casualties on the exposed forward positions at Deir el Dhib and at Ruin Ridge. This marked the end of the First Battle of El Alamein, which saw 13,250 casualties on the Allied side and 17,000 on the Axis side. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Italy
  • Scirč departed Italy for Operation SL 1 against British shipping in the harbor of Haifa, Palestine. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Italian plan to land at Malta (Operation C3) was canceled. ww2dbase [CPC]
Japan
  • Nobuo Fujita was summoned to the Navy Ministry at Kasumigaseki, Tokyo, Japan, where he would be personally ordered by Prince Nobuhito of Takamatsu to bomb a major target in the United States using a submarine-borne attack aircraft. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • German submarine U-601 bombarded the Soviet polar station Malye Karmakuly near Belushya Bay in the Novaya Zemlya islands, Russia. Several buildings and one seaplane were destroyed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Before dawn, German bombers attacked Birmingham, England, United Kingdom. After daybreak, a single German bomber attacked Manchester, England, killing 3 and wounding 7 in the Palmerston Street-Hillkirk Street-Russell Street area. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935