ww2dbaseEver since his school days in the United Kingdom, Hugh Martyr had been interested in history, particularly naval history. His interest in history later expanded to cover the American Civil War and the German V-weapons campaign against London. He is also an re-enactor and organizer of major re-enactment events, including the 200th anniversary of Waterloo event where over 8,000 were on the field. He joined the WW2DB team in 2018.
|Event: Operation Colossus||8 Mar 2019|
|Event: Operation Aphrodite and Operation Anvil||25 Feb 2019|
|Event: V-Weapons Campaign||22 Feb 2019|
|Other: Die Torpedokrise||28 Jan 2019|
|Weapon: Vergeltungswaffe 1||7 Nov 2018|
Timeline ContributionsHugh Martyr has also contributed 552 entries in the WW2 Timeline. A small sample of his timeline contributions is shown below.» 30 Jul 1942: The 39 survivors of Norwegian tanker Tankexpress, sunk by German submarine U-130 three days earlier, saw the silhouettes of several warships coming straight towards them in the evening, proving to be a British flotilla and they were all taken aboard HMS Lightning.
» 28 Jun 1944: In Britain, damage to South London was severe due to V-1 bombs hitting four of the main railway stations and lines, parts of the Underground railway were also closed due to the damage. The Chiefs of Staff were forced to meet to discuss options to them. One idea raised was to guarantee the immunity of specified German cities from bombing if the bombardment was stopped. Another was to consider using napalm or poison gas against the launch sites. General Dwight Eisenhower promptly vetoed the ideas as did Chief of Imperial General Staff General Sir Alan Brooke.
» 26 Mar 1942: British destroyer HMS Legion (G 74), already damaged from an air raid two days prior, was hit again and broke in two at her moorings at Valetta Grand Harbour, Malta; both halves of the ship were re-floated but declared a loss and were towed out of the harbour to deep water and scuttled; 11 were killed in this attack. The 5,415-ton British motor vessel Pampas was hit by multiple bombs in the air raid and sank at her moorings. The empty freighter Talabot was sunk as well. British submarine HMS P39 was sitting alongside a jetty in Grand Harbour when German aircraft launched the attack; the submarine was seriously damaged and while she did not sink, due to the efforts of the crew, it was decided that she was too badly damaged to be worth repairing; she was towed to Kalkara and beached.
» 5 Apr 1940: The United Kingdom informed Norway and Sweden of its intent to mine Norwegian waters; British warships departed Scapa Flow at 1830 hours for this operation. Force WB consisting of two minelaying destroyers sailed for the Norwegian coast between the towns of Bud and Kristiansund. Force WS, consisting of minelayer Teviot Bank and destroyers Inglefield, Ilex, Imogen and Isis sailed for waters off Stadtlandet, but this force would be recalled before laying any mines. Force WV consisting of minelaying destroyers Esk, Icarius, Impulsive and Ivanhoe, escorted by the 2nd Destroyer Flotilla of 4 destroyers, set sail for waters near Bodö. The operation had a covering force under Vice-Admiral William Whitworth on battlecruiser Renown and destroyers Hyperion, Hero, Greyhound and Glowworm. Glowworm turned back in heavy weather to recover a rating that was washed overboard.
» 13 Mar 1940: The 3,303-ton German cargo ship Eschersheim, on voyage from Bremen, Germany to Oslo, Norway with coke, hit a submerged wreck two miles south from Hirthals and Lønstrup region and was lost. Six crewmen lost their lives.
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Winston Churchill, 1935