22 Aug 1945
  • Japanese forces in the Manchuria region of northeastern China surrendered. In the two-week campaign, the Japanese had lost 80,000 killed and wounded and 54,000 taken prisoner, including 143 generals. The Soviets had lost 8,200 dead and 22,000 wounded. ww2dbase [Manchurian Strategic Offensive | AC]
  • The Yugoslavian parliament decreed that all arable land over 75 acres would be taken over by the state and be given to former partisan and wounded soldiers. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Pompon departed Guam, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Pompon | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • Indonesia announced the formation of its army, known as the Badan Keamanan Rakjat, or the People's Security Organization. The Partai Nasional Indonesia was also established on this date as a state party, with Sukarno as its Great Leader, Mohammad Hatta as its Deputy Great Leader, and Sartono as its Head. ww2dbase [CPC]
French Indochina
  • French Commissioner Pierre Messmer for Tonkin, French Indochina was parachuted north of Hanoi, but was captured by Viet Minh troops; he would soon be rescued by Chinese troops. Meanwhile, Jean Sainteny, another French colonial administrator, flew into Hanoi aboard an American aircraft from Chongqing, China. On the same day, Commissioner Jean CĂ©dile for Cochinchine was parachuted 85 kilometers northwest of Saigon, and was captured and humiliated by local farmers; he and his team was rescued by Japanese troops. Finally, in Thai Nguyen, Tonkin, the Japanese personnel which had been previously besieged by Viet Minh were freed after the communists withdrew to handle the arrival of French colonial administrators. ww2dbase [Hanoi, Tonkin | CPC]
Hawaii Hong Kong
  • Japanese troops at Mui Wo, Lantau Island, Hong Kong arrested and executed civilians Lam Tsah and Lam Kuan in retaliation of an attack on Japanese troops on 19 Aug 1945. Company commander Yasuo Kishi personally executed Lam Kuan. ww2dbase [Lantau | CPC]
  • Japanese troops began to withdraw from larger towns in British Malaya. Since British colonial administration had not yet returned, this created a situation of anarchy. Malay-Chinese ethnic violence escalated in some of these towns as the result. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Ancon made rendezvous with US 3rd Fleet and set course for Tokyo Bay, Japan. ww2dbase [Ancon | CPC]
Russia Thailand
  • The Thai government declared that it would allow the United Nations to resolve the Thai-French Indochina border dispute. ww2dbase [CPC]
United States
  • Bob Feller was discharged from the US Navy. ww2dbase [Robert Feller | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 22 Aug 1945
Australian troops of 37/52nd infantry battalion loading gear onto a New Zealand PB2B-1 Catalina aircraft at Nantambu, New Britain, Solomon Islands, 22 Aug 1945George Patton riding the horse Favory Africa in Sankt Martin, Austria, 22 Aug 1945Surrender signing at Mili Atoll, Marshall Islands, aboard USS Levy, 22 Aug 1945; L to R: LtCdr Hiroshi Tokuna, Mili commander Capt Masanori Shiga, Lt ER Harris, Lt Col GV Burnett, and Majuro Area Commander Capt HB GrowImperial Japanese Navy Captain Masanori Shiga (saluting) boarding USS Levy for the surrender signing at Mili Atoll, 22 Aug 1945. US Navy area commander Captain HB Grow stands behind Shiga.
See all photos dated 22 Aug 1945

22 Aug 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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