Haruna file photo [1332]


Ship ClassKongo-class Battleship
Laid Down16 Mar 1912
Launched14 Dec 1913
Commissioned19 Apr 1915
Sunk28 Jul 1945
Displacement32,156 tons standard
Length728 feet
Beam101 feet
Draft31 feet
MachinerySteam turbines, 4 boilers, 4 shafts
Power Output136,000 SHP
Speed30 knots
Range10,000nm at 18 knots


ww2dbaseThe four Kongo-class ships were the first modern warships in the Japanese Navy. They were designed by Britain's Sir George Thurston, and strongly influenced the design of the forthcoming Tiger-class battlecruisers. They were originally rated as "battlecruisers", but pre-WW2 rearmament reclassified them as battleships, though they were relatively lightly armed and armored when compared to their modern battleship counterparts.

ww2dbaseDuring the Second World War, Haruna was extensively employed, often in company with aircraft carriers. In December 1941, she covered the invasion of Malaya. The first four months of 1942 saw her supporting the conquest of the Dutch East Indies, participating in a bombardment of Christmas Island, and participating in the Indian Ocean Raid. In June, she was part of the ill-fated Japanese carrier force during the Battle of Midway and was lightly damaged when a bomb nearly hit her stern. The Guadalcanal Campaign that began in August 1942 also brought Haruna into action. With her sister ship, Kongo, on 14 October she delivered a devastating bombardment of Henderson Field, the U.S. airfield on Guadalcanal. Later in the month, she was present during the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands and in mid-November operated with the Japanese aircraft carrier force during the climactic Naval Battle of Guadalcanal.

ww2dbaseLike most of the heavier Japanese warships, Haruna saw no combat during 1943 and the first five months of 1944, though she steamed north to Japan in May 1943 in response to the American landings on Attu and was in the central Pacific later in the year during the invasions of the Gilbert Islands and Bougainville. In mid-June 1944, however, the Japanese fleet was sent to counterattack the U.S. forces then assaulting Saipan. As part of the heavily-defended van carrier group, she took an active role in the ensuing Battle of the Philippine Sea and was hit by a bomb on 20 June. Haruna also participated in the Japanese Navy's final fleet action, the Battle of Leyte Gulf. She was damaged by bomb near-misses in the Sibuyan Sea on 24 October 1944, but steamed on to engage U.S. escort carriers and destroyers in the next day's Battle off Samar.

ww2dbaseStationed in Japanese waters by the beginning of 1945, Haruna was damaged at Kure during the U.S. carrier plane raids on 19 March. Still moored near Kure four months later, she was sunk by Task Force 38 aircraft on 28 July 1945. Haruna's wreck was scrapped after the war.

ww2dbaseSource: Naval Historical Center

Last Major Revision: Jan 2005

Battleship Haruna Interactive Map

Haruna Operational Timeline

19 Apr 1915 Haruna was commissioned into service.


Battlecruiser Haruna being fitted out by the Kawasaki company at Kobe, Japan, Oct 1914Haruna, as a battlecruiser, running trials, 1915Battlecruiser Haruna at Kobe, Japan, 24 Apr 1915Battleship Haruna undergoing post-conversion trials, 25 May 1928
See all 18 photographs of Battleship Haruna

Did you enjoy this article? Please consider supporting us on Patreon. Even $1 per month will go a long way! Thank you.

Share this article with your friends:


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds

Visitor Submitted Comments

1. charles showalter says:
2 Feb 2011 11:15:00 AM

I own a blue & white flag that commemorating the dispatch of varlous japanese war ships dated 1944. Kongo,Haruna,Yabiki, Chikuma,Tone,Kumano,Suzuya-Nowake,Kiyoshimo. Autumn,1944. the infermaion is hand retin in ink. If anyone can help me on more infermaion

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code


Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on Haruna
» Arima, Masafumi
» Isawa, Yutaka
» Matsuda, Chiaki
» Ozawa, Jisaburo

Event(s) Participated:
» Dutch East Indies Campaign, Java
» Raids into the Indian Ocean
» Battle of Midway and the Aleutian Islands
» Guadalcanal Campaign
» Mariana Islands Campaign and the Great Turkey Shoot
» Philippines Campaign, Phase 1, the Leyte Campaign
» Preparations for Invasion of Japan

Related Books:
» Imperial Japanese Navy Battleships 1941-45

Partner Sites Content:
» Haruna Tabular Record of Movement
Battleship Haruna Photo Gallery
Battlecruiser Haruna being fitted out by the Kawasaki company at Kobe, Japan, Oct 1914
See all 18 photographs of Battleship Haruna

Famous WW2 Quote
"Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."

Winston Churchill, on the RAF