23 Oct 1943
  • Lieutenant General Brehon Somervell visited India and offered US Army railway troops to support the British Bengal and Assam Railway. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Banking tycoon William Averell Harriman replaced William H. Standley as the United States ambassador to the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • British elements of US 5th Army capture Sparanise, Italy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands Newfoundland
  • U-537 departed Martin Bay, Labrador, Newfoundland after installing Weather Station Kurt and repairing the submarine's storm damage. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Grayback fired her deck gun at a small boat in the East China Sea, causing no damage. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • A transport of prisoners from Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp arrived at Gas Chamber II of Auschwitz Concentration Camp. In the undressing room, one of the Jewish women seized SS man Josef Schillinger's pistol and shot Schillinger and another guard, Wilhelm Emmerich. Other prisoners joined in to attack other guards, but the SS eventually took control of the situation. Schillinger died on the way to the hospital; Emmerich survived the wound, but became permanently disabled. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Soviet forces captured Melitopol, Ukraine after 10 days of combat; meanwhile, Malinovsky's forces captured Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. ww2dbase [TH]
United Kingdom
  • Two years after the death of his first wife, Margaret, former British Liberal Prime Minister David Lloyd George (aged 80) married his secretary and mistress, Francis Stevenson, much to the disapproval of his children. ww2dbase [AC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Oct 1943
F4F-4 Wildcats of Marine Fighting Squadron VMF-441 on Nanumea Airfield, Ellice Islands, Oct 23, 1943

23 Oct 1943 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945