Mogami file photo [1588]

Mogami

CountryJapan
Ship ClassMogami-class Heavy Cruiser
BuilderKure Naval Arsenal
Laid Down27 Oct 1931
Launched14 Mar 1934
Commissioned28 Jul 1935
Sunk25 Oct 1944
Displacement11169 tons standard; 13440 tons full
Length649 feet
Beam66 feet
Draft19 feet
MachineryGeared turbines with four screws
Power Output152000 SHP
Speed35 knots
Crew850
Armament10x8-in, 8x5-in, 4x40mm anti-aircraft, 12 torpedo tubes
Armor3.9-in belt, 1.4-in deck, 1-in turrets, 5-in magazines
Aircraft3 Type 1 reconnaissance aircraft

Contributor:

ww2dbaseMogami was the lead ship of her class of cruisers. Her class of cruisers was uniquely designed to be lightweight yet still provided adequate armor; however, some design defects cracked hull welds during trials, returning her to the shipyards to repair the defects in the following year. During the Battle of Midway, she was under the command of Rear Admiral Takeo Kurita; after the Japanese carrier fleet was routed, Kurita's task force was recalled to rendezvous with Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto to the west, but the fleet was sighted by American submarine Tambor. During emergency maneuvers to avoid a possible torpedo attack by Tambor, Mogami turned to port to move away from the potential incoming torpedoes, and then turned back to catch up. Unfortunately, her crew did not see that, while performing evasive maneuvers, her sister ship Mikuma had navigated directly in her path. Last second maneuvers avoided a 90-degree collision, but she still rammed to the port side of Mikuma, rupturing Mikuma's fuel tank, causing her to leave a trail of oil in her wake. Mogami's bow was crushed, crumpled in for about 40 feet. The two ships slowed to about twelve knots while the other two ships, along with Kurita, continued to steam full speed toward the rendezvous point; although Mikuma was capable of steaming at a high speed, Captain Shakao Sakiyama chose to stay behind to escort the damaged Mogami. On 6 Jun 1942, aircraft from American carriers Enterprise and Hornet sent three attack waves against the two damaged cruisers, which found them by means of the oil trail. Mogami took a bomb on the seaplane deck and started a serious fire, killing a number of crewmen, including many wounded in the sick bay. In contrast to her sister ship Mikuma, Mogami had earlier decided to throw her torpedoes overboard, something Mikuma decided against. In hindsight it was one of the critical differences that led to Mogami's successful escape from battle and Mikuma's sinking. She continued to operate in the Japanese navy until the Leyte Campaign in Nov 1944 when she was damaged by American battleship gunfire and scuttled by Akebono.

ww2dbaseSources: Imperial Japanese Navy Page, Midway Dauntless Victory, Shattered Fleet, Wikipedia.

Mogami Operational Timeline

28 Jul 1935 Mogami was commissioned into service.
5 Nov 1943 During the US raid on Rabaul, New Britain, Mogami was hit on the main deck between No. 1 and No. 2 turrets, killing 19; skilled flooding of the forward magazine prevented detonation.
6 Nov 1943 Mogami departed Rabaul, New Britain for Truk, Caroline Islands to receive temporary repairs.

Photographs

Japanese cruiser Mogami running trials off Sukumo Bay, Shikoku, Japan, 20 Mar 1935Cruisers in Ise Bay, Japan, summer 1938; from front to back: Mogami, Mikuma, and KumanoClose-up view of Mogami during the Battle of Midway, showing damage, Jun 1942; photo was taken by a US Navy pilotMogami with damaged bow, Pacific Ocean, 6 Jun 1942; note tanker Nichiei Maru in background
See all 7 photographs of Heavy Cruiser Mogami



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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Jorge Salinas says:
2 Oct 2007 11:59:35 AM

Excelente testimonio visual del pasado de la SGM
2. Anonymous says:
15 Aug 2015 12:49:16 PM

I think these are the best heavy cruisers of wwii.

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Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on Mogami
Personnel:
» Soji, Akira

Event(s) Participated:
» Dutch East Indies Campaign, Java
» Dutch East Indies Campaign, Sumatra
» Fall of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
» Raids into the Indian Ocean
» Battle of Midway and the Aleutian Islands
» Solomon Islands Campaign
» Mariana Islands Campaign and the Great Turkey Shoot
» Philippines Campaign, Phase 1, the Leyte Campaign

Document(s):
» Interrogation Nav 82, Captain Tsuneo Shiki

Partner Sites Content:
» Mogami Tabular Record of Movement
Heavy Cruiser Mogami Photo Gallery
Japanese cruiser Mogami running trials off Sukumo Bay, Shikoku, Japan, 20 Mar 1935
See all 7 photographs of Heavy Cruiser Mogami




Famous WW2 Quote
"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935