1 Mar 1942
  • Legionaro was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Korvettenkapitän Hellmuth Strobel took command of cruiser Köln. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Tatsuta Maru arrived at Kwajalein, Marshall islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Perch was depth charged by two Japanese destroyers 30 miles northwest of Surabaya, Java; her starboard motors were damaged and she took on flood waters. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oiler USS Pecos were sunk off Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean by Japanese carrier aircraft. While en route to rescue survivors of Pecos, which included survivors of USS Langley, destroyer USS Edsall was sunk at 1731 hours by gunfire and aircraft; 147 were killed, 6 survived and were captured. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • ABDA naval command was disbanded after the defeats at the Java Sea region. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US Navy 3rd Submarine Fleet was established in Brisbane, Australia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US authorities rounded up 112,000 Americans of Japanese descent and moved them to inland camps well away from the Pacific coast. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Martti Aho was awarded the Mannerheim Cross medal. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In the face of defeats in Burma, Archibald Wavell replaced Major General John Smyth with Major General David Cowan and demoted General Thomas Hutton to be the chief of staff of Cowan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Filipp Golikov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for the second time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese warships sank five Dutch ships (Rooseboom, Pariji, Modjokerto, and two others) between Dutch East Indies and Australia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Allied convoy PQ-12 departed Reykjavík, Iceland and convoy QP-8 departed Murmansk, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australia
  • The E14Y floatplane of Japanese submarine I-25 conducted a reconnaissance mission over Hobart, Australia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • The first four of No. 75 Squadron RAAF's Kittyhawk fighters arrived at Port Moresby, Australian Papua. Two of them would see combat later on the same day, with Flight Officer Barry Cox and Flight Officer Wilbur Wackett shooting down one Ki-21 bomber flying a reconnaissance mission over Port Moresby. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Dutch East Indies
  • HMS Encounter, HMS Exeter, and USS Pope were sunk at the Second Battle of the Java Sea; the ships suffered 7, 54, and 1 killed, respectively. Meanwhile, at the Battle of Sunda Strait, Allied cruisers USS Houston and HMAS Perth intercepted a Japanese invasion force but were both sunk as they attacked; four Japanese transports and a minesweepers were sunk, but two of the transports were later refloated. Also on this date, Japanese troops landed on Java and immediately began marching for Batavia, with the Japanese 2nd Division capturing Serang and the 230th Infantry Regiment capturing Kalidjati airfield at Soebang en route. Finally, Japanese air raids at Surabaya damaged destroyer USS Stewart and Dutch destroyer Witte de With. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • While at Faßberg, Germany, III./KG 4 wa transferred to the German Luftwaffe XI. Fliegerkorps in preparation for a new assignment. ww2dbase [CPC]
Newfoundland
  • German submarine U-656 was sunk by a Hudson patrol bomber of US Navy VP-82 squadron 33 miles south of Cape Race, Newfoundland, killing all 45 aboard. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • At the Battle of the Java Sea, slightly damaged cruiser HMS Exeter, destroyer HMS Encounter, and destroyer USS Pope at 0850 hours. At 1245 hours, Nachi fired once again on HMS Exeter by gunfire. She departed the area at the end of the day with 90 Allied prisoners of war on board. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Permit fired three torpedoes at a Japanese destroyer in the Java Sea; all three torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • HMS Exeter was sunk during the Second Battle of the Java Sea shortly after 1200 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | AC]
Philippines
  • Douglas MacArthur requested George Brett to send 3 B-17 Flying Fortress bombers to the Philippine Islands for the evacuation of MacArthur, his family, and his staff. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Poland
  • Extermination of Jews at Sobibór Concentration Camp in occupied Poland began. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • No. 97 Squadron RAF was transferred to RAF Woodhall Spa, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Benjamin Kelsey was promoted to the war time rank of colonel. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • The United States Marine Corps established Marine Aircraft Group 22 at Midway Atoll, consisted of Marine Scout-Bomber Squadron 231 and Marine Fighter Squadron 221. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Mar 1942
Men of the Japanese 2nd Division celebrating successful landing, Merak, Java, 1 Mar 1942Map noting Japanese landings on Java, 1 Mar 1942Soviet troops patrolling Pulkovo Heights south of Leningrad, Russia, 1 Mar 1942Soviet 85 mm M1939 (52-K) anti-aircraft guns in Leningrad, Russia, 1 Mar 1942
See all photos dated 1 Mar 1942

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

1 Mar 1942 Interactive Map




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Famous WW2 Quote
"All that silly talk about the advance of science and such leaves me cold. Give me peace and a retarded science."

Thomas Dodd, late 1945