Helm file photo [3887]

Helm

CountryUnited States
Ship ClassBagley-class Destroyer
Hull NumberDD-388
BuilderNorfolk Navy Yard
Laid Down25 Sep 1935
Launched27 May 1937
Commissioned16 Oct 1937
Decommissioned26 Jun 1946
Displacement1,500 tons standard; 2,325 tons full
Length342 feet
Beam36 feet
Draft12 feet
MachineryTwo propellers
Power Output49,000 SHP
Speed38 knots
Range6,500nm at 12 knots
Crew158
Armament4x5in/38cal guns, 4x.50cal guns, 12x21in torpedo tubes, 2 depth charge racks

Contributor:

ww2dbaseThe destroyer Helm was laid down on 25 Sep 1935 at the Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States and launched on 27 May 1937. Named for the late Rear Admiral James Meredith Helm, veteran of the Spanish-American War, the ship was sponsored by his widow, Mrs. Edith Benham Helm. USS Helm was commissioned on 16 Oct 1937 with Lieutenant Commander Paul H. Talbot in command. Helm’s shakedown cruise took her to the British West Indies, after which the ship operated in the Caribbean.

ww2dbaseAfter participating in Fleet Problem XX in the Caribbean in Feb 1939, Helm transited the Panama Canal and joined the Pacific Fleet. Helm also participated in Fleet Problem XXI in Feb 1940 that, among other things, simulated a carrier-based air attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. It was at the conclusion of this exercise that the United States Fleet was permanently stationed at Pearl Harbor.

ww2dbaseOn 7 Dec 1941, Helm started her day berthed alongside sister-ship USS Blue in Pearl Harbor’s East Loch anchorage. Helm cast off at 0726 hours to make her way to the deperming buoys in Pearl Harbor’s West Loch. Because this was a demagnetization procedure, Helm left her compasses and chronometers aboard Blue. Both of Helm’s whaleboats, along with seven men, were following the ship to the West Loch. Helm had just rounded Waipi'o Point and was entering West Loch when Japanese aircraft appeared overhead and bombs began falling. As the only warship underway within the harbor when the attack began, Helm drew immediate machine gun fire from the attackers, with no hits but the whaleboats sustained fifteen bullet holes with no personnel casualties. Helm quickly reversed course and became the first warship to sortie the harbor during the attack. As Helm reached the entrance buoys, a submarine conning tower was seen on the reefs west of the entrance. Helm fired on the sub but caused minimal damage (this was Kazuo Sakamaki’s Ha-19 midget submarine launched from mother sub I-24 and was hopelessly lost due to a faulty gyrocompass; Ha-19 was ultimately grounded on reefs again off Waimanalo Beach 30 miles away and was captured). Later that morning as Helm patrolled the Defensive Sea Area south of Oahu, she was attacked by a lone Aichi D3A1 ‘Val’ single engine bomber which dropped two 100-pound bombs that straddled Helm’s bow. Helm suffered mild structural damage from the concussion that worsened overnight causing the ship to return to Pearl Harbor for repairs.

ww2dbaseHelm sailed again on 16 Dec 1941 as part of the screen for the carrier USS Saratoga in the desperate but failed effort to relieve Wake Island. Helm escorted Saratoga on another sortie before Saratoga was torpedoed and then Helm sailed on an evacuation mission to Howland and Baker Islands in the Central Pacific. She then entered Mare Island Naval Shipyard in California for an overhaul.

ww2dbaseHelm then sailed for the South Pacific where she escorted convoys provisioning the forward areas. Helm rescued 13 survivors of the torpedoed freighter John Adams and then four survivors of fellow Pearl Harbor survivor oiler USS Neosho that was sunk in the Battle of the Coral Sea. Helm then sailed to Brisbane, Australia where she joined a combined United States Navy/Royal Australian Navy task force escorting convoys and conducting training exercises.

ww2dbaseHelm then sailed with the force tasked with capturing and occupying the Guadalcanal-Tulagi area in the Solomon Islands; Helm covered the Tulagi landings on 7 Aug 1942. For the next several days, Helm escorted the supply convoys by day and covered the cruisers patrolling “The Slot” by night. During the second night of this, Helm and the cruisers were drawn into the First Battle of Savo Island where cruisers USS Astoria, USS Quincy, USS Vincennes, and Australian heavy cruiser HMAS Canberra were lost, along with two destroyers. Helm picked up 175 Vincennes and Quincy survivors. After transferring the survivors to a transport ship, Helm sailed for Nouméa, New Caledonia.

ww2dbaseHelm spent the next ten months on escort duty with convoys between Espiritu Santo and Guadalcanal and then between Australia and New Guinea, while also taking part in several exercises. Helm participated in a bombardment of New Britain on 30 Nov 1943 and spent the next month as part of the covering forces for the Army landings on New Britain, the Marine landings on Cape Gloucester, and the Army landings at Saidor, New Guinea. After more escort work around New Guinea and the Solomons, Helm returned to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii after almost two years in the South Pacific.

ww2dbaseFrom Hawaii in Feb 1944, Helm escorted battleship USS Maryland to Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in Washington and Helm then entered Mare Island Naval Shipyard in California for an overhaul of her own that lasted until May 1944. The destroyer then steamed to join the Fast Carrier Task Force in June 1944 in support the amphibious operations against Saipan, Tinian, and Guam in the Mariana Islands. Helm then screened carriers Essex, Hornet, and Yorktown (all Essex-class) in one of Jocko Clark’s famous excursions to pound the Bonin Islands with strikes against Iwo Jima, Chichi Jima, and Haha Jima. After months serving as an escort, Helm was back in the shooting-war now, as part of Marc Mitscher’s Carrier Task Force. As Helm and her Task Group returned from the Bonins and rejoined the larger Task Force, they sat poised to engage the Japanese in the significant Battle of the Philippine Sea and the Great Marianas Turkey Shoot.

ww2dbaseHelm stayed with the carrier screen throughout the Mariana Campaign, the landings on Peleliu, and several of Jocko’s side trips to the “Jimas.” On one of those excursions, on 2 Sep 1944, Helm engaged a 50-ton Japanese sailing vessel off North Iwo Jima and left it in flames. That same day, Helm engaged a 100-ton Japanese cargo ship near the southern shore of Iwo Jima and left it sinking from gunfire.

ww2dbaseStarting in Oct 1944, the carrier groups expanded their coverage by striking targets from Luzon to Okinawa and Helm stayed with them as part of their screen. On 13 Oct 1944 off Formosa (Taiwan), Helm’s Task Unit was attacked by a formation of Japanese torpedo planes. Helm’s anti-aircraft fire was credited with bringing down one Mitsubishi G4M Type 1 ‘Betty’ bomber. In late Oct 1944, Helm covered Halsey’s carriers in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, specifically the Battle off Cape Engaño on 25 Oct 1944. It was during this period that the Japanese introduced the tactics of kamikaze-style special attacks; a tactic that would plague Allied shipping for the rest of the war.

ww2dbaseOn 28 Oct 1944 east of Leyte Gulf, Helm made sound contact with what was believed to be a Japanese submarine. With assistance from destroyer USS Gridley and aircraft from the carrier USS Belleau Wood, they conducted a well-coordinated depth charge attack. The result was the sinking of a submarine as evidenced by a large explosion deep under water followed by large amounts of oil and air bubbles coming to the surface and the recovery of deck planking and human remains from the debris field. Japanese submarines I-46 and I-54 were both lost on this date in about this same area so some uncertainty remains about which sub this was, but I-46 commanded by Lt. Comdr. Kozaburo Yamaguchi is most likely.

ww2dbaseIn late Nov 1944, Helm was detached from the Carrier Task Force and assigned to the Seventh Fleet based at Seeadler Harbor, Manus for preparations for the invasion of Luzon that would take place in Jan 1945. Once the invasion force began moving north toward Luzon, the Japanese attacked it with great ferocity, including with special attack forces. On 4 Jan 1945 while still in the Sulu Sea, the formation was attacked by a single aircraft that went undetected until it plunged into the flight deck of carrier USS Ommaney Bay. The carrier erupted into flames followed by a series of internal explosions that left the ship dead in the water. As Ommaney Bay was being abandoned, Helm picked up 93 of her sailors and delivered them to cruiser USS Minneapolis. The following day west of Subic Bay, Helm’s Task Group was attacked again, this time by five Nakajima Ki-43 ‘Oscar’ special attack fighters and one of them dived on Helm. At almost point-blank range, one of Helm’s 40mm shells tore off the airplane’s left wing, causing the aircraft to veer and pass over the ship. The airplane struck Helm’s searchlight structure, carrying away part of the platform and damaging the searchlight before the aircraft plunged into the sea close aboard. Six men were injured and one sailor was swept overboard, but was rescued by another destroyer without injuries.

ww2dbaseThe landings on Luzon took place on 6 Jan 1945 in Lingayen Gulf. Helm’s assignment was to lay off the coast and screen the aircraft carriers that were offering air support to the landings, which lasted until 17 Jan 1945. Helm screened the carriers for one more sortie around the Philippines before escorting them to Iwo Jima for the Marine landings on 19 Feb 1945. Helm had numerous occasions to provide anti-aircraft fire during this period and also to rescue survivors of damaged ships. Helm then shifted to the same duties around Okinawa.

ww2dbaseOn 3 Aug 1945, Helm was on radar picket duty north of the Ulithi fleet anchorage when she received orders to proceed west at her best possible speed on a report of men in the water. These men turned out to be the survivors of the sunken cruiser USS Indianapolis. By the time Helm arrived, all survivors had been picked up by other ships and all Helm could do was identify 28 bodies found floating in the area and bury them at sea.

ww2dbaseHelm made one more sortie to Okinawa as part of the carrier screen and during her withdrawal, the war ended.

ww2dbaseHelm performed air-sea rescue duties and worked as a shipping guide around Japan before departing for the United States on 29 Oct 1945. She laid over in San Diego, California before returning once more to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Helm was decommissioned at Pearl Harbor on 26 June 1946. The ship was used later that summer as a target ship during atomic bomb tests in the Pacific [the US Navy’s official history states Helm was used during Operation Crossroads at Bikini Lagoon but Helm is not listed as one of the target ships in any of those three bomb blasts; it is not known at which atomic bomb test Helm was a target ship, if any]. In May 1948, Helm was scrapped in Oakland, California.

ww2dbaseFor her World War II service, Helm received 11 battle stars:

ww2dbasePearl Harbor Attack
Guadalcanal-Tulagi Landings/First Savo
Capture and Defense of Guadalcanal
Eastern New Guinea Operations
Bismarck Archipelago Operation
Marianas Operation
Western Caroline Operation
Iwo Jima Operation
Leyte Operation
Luzon Operation
Okinawa Operation

ww2dbaseSources:
United States Navy
United States National Archives
United States Naval History and Heritage Command
NavSource Naval History
CombinedFleet.com
United States Defense Nuclear Agency
Wikipedia

Last Major Revision: Sep 2020

Destroyer Helm (DD-388) Interactive Map

Helm Operational Timeline

25 Sep 1935 The keel of destroyer Helm was laid down at the Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States.
27 May 1937 Helm was launched at the Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States.
16 Oct 1937 USS Helm was commissioned at Norfolk, Virginia, United States, Lt. Cmdr. Paul H. Talbot in command.
7 Dec 1941 Destroyer USS Helm patrolling off Honolulu harbor was straddled by two 100-pound bombs dropped from an Aichi D3A1 'Val' bomber that caused minor structural damage.
17 May 1943 Destroyer USS Helm arrived at Sydney, Australia for a week-long tender overhaul alongside USS Dobbin at Wooloomooloo Wharf.
28 Oct 1944 Destroyer USS Helm, assisted by destroyer USS Gridley and TBF Avenger aircraft from carrier USS Belleau Wood, sinks either Japanese submarine I-46 orI-54, 100 miles east of Samar, Philippines. [Both I-46 and I-54 were lost the same day in the same area so there is some uncertainty, but I-46 is more likely.]
5 Jan 1945 Destroyer USS Helm was struck by a Nakajima Ki-43 'Oscar' special attack fighter that damaged Helm's searchlight and injured six men.
26 Jun 1946 USS Helm was decommissioned at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
25 Feb 1947 Helm was removed from the US Naval Vessel Register.
2 Oct 1947 Helm was sold for scrap.

Photographs

Bagley-class destroyers Blue and Helm on 27 May 1937, the date of their launching, in Drydock #2 at Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States.USS Helm departing Hampton Roads, Virginia for her builders’ trials, 11 Nov 1937.Plan view, aft, of destroyer Helm, Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 25 Feb 1942Plan view, forward, of destroyer Helm, Mare Island Navy Yard, California, United States, 25 Feb 1942
See all 9 photographs of Destroyer Helm (DD-388)



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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Roger Settlemyer says:
21 Oct 2007 09:54:11 PM

My Father served on this ship during World War 2 1 Class Sonarman. He passed away in 1995.
2. Nyal Moninger says:
17 Nov 2009 08:24:37 PM

My father Fred Moninger served on the Helm. He was a torpedoman 2c. I would welcome any correspondence regarding this ship or crew.
3. Yvonne Giordano says:
15 Jul 2010 11:12:43 PM

My Father T.C. DuBose GMMC(went to be with the LORD 1987)always told us that the Helm was the ONLY ship underway during the Pearl Harbor attack but they could not use guns to return fire as the magazines were locked for "SECURITY". They could only rescue survivors.It always grieved him.
4. richard fletcher says:
31 Aug 2016 08:39:32 PM

I was told my father(Max Fletcher) may have been on the USS Helm. Looking for someone to verify the info. Please let me know if he was/wasn't, or Maybe there is somewhere I can go to find out. Thankyou, Richard
5. Commenter identity confirmed David Stubblebine says:
31 Aug 2016 09:13:28 PM

Richard Fletcher (above)
Helm Muster Rolls list no Max Fletcher during WWII. There is a Williba Jerdon Fletcher who appears in the Muster Rolls several times from 1940-1942 but no other Fletchers (Muster Rolls only list enlisted men; officers are on a different list that I do not have access to). Your best bet is to request a copy of his service record (easier than it sounds). See: http://www.archives.gov/research/military/ww2/ww2-participation.pdf.
6. Pat Falterman says:
7 Dec 2016 07:45:57 AM

My dad Horace "Casey " Falterman was on the Helm for most of WWII including the attack at Pearl Harbor. I am looking for a link to the crew list of the Helm during that time. I was airborne as a Capt in the USAF flying tankers when the 911 Attack occurred.
7. Jim Wolff says:
28 Dec 2016 06:11:41 AM

My father (Jack (John) Wolff) served on the helm. I too am looking for a link to the crew list during the Helm's years of duty.
8. Commenter identity confirmed David Stubblebine says:
28 Dec 2016 11:20:36 AM

Mr. Wolff (above):
The crew list you are asking about is called the Muster Roll by the Navy. Complete Muster Rolls were compiled quarterly with Report of Changes completed sometimes as often as monthly. These rolls are maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration who can provide you with paper copies upon request. The website Fold3.com has a nearly complete set of Muster Rolls scanned and available over the internet but this is a subscription site (they want money) and is a subsidiary site to Ancestry.com. My Fold3.com subscription costs me about $80 a year which is worth it for me.
In checking the Helm’s Muster Rolls, I see that Jack (n) Wolff, service number 613 52 35, who enlisted 8 Sep 1943 in Cincinnati OH, reported aboard the Helm as a Seaman 1st-class on 21 May 1944 in Pearl Harbor. He is last mentioned in the Helm Muster Rolls in Jan 1946 when, as a Radioman 3rd-class, he was transferred off the ship on 27 Dec 1945 in San Diego. You may wish to request a copy of his Navy service record, which is easier than it sounds. See: https://www.archives.gov/veterans/military-service-records
9. Commenter identity confirmed David Stubblebine says:
28 Dec 2016 11:35:23 AM

Mr. Falterman (#6 above):
I am sorry I did not see your comment when it came in on 7 Dec. See my reply to Mr. Wolff (above) re: Muster Rolls. Horace Anthony Falterman, service number 274 59 46, who enlisted 14 Feb 1941 in New Orleans LA, was a Radarman aboard the Helm and appeared to get transferred on and off the ship at various times for training assignments. Interestingly, the Helm Muster Rolls also list a Clifford Paul Falterman, service number 274 40 76, who enlisted 14 Nov 1939 in New Orleans. A brother?
10. Jerry Stevens says:
22 Sep 2017 05:57:41 PM

I met a guy today at a retirement home in Greenville, South Carolina wearing a USS Helm hat. I asked him about it and he said he served on this ship. He's in his 90's and credible. I got here just Googling the ship name. I need to find out his last name. All I have is first name Pat.
11. Jerry Stevens says:
24 Sep 2017 09:46:00 AM

I saw him at Mass today at Haywood Estates in Greenville, SC. Machinist Second Class Patrick Charles Hucker. He served on the USS Helm from 1943-1946. http://memory.loc.gov/diglib/vhp/bib/loc.natlib.afc2001001.52714
12. Jack K says:
31 Aug 2020 11:04:54 PM

My Grandfather Hamilton Burbage served on the helm in WWII. Any Information would be appreciated. He died several years ago. He didn't talk about his WWII service. I think he was a gunner of some type but not sure.

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Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on Helm
Event(s) Participated:
» Attack on Pearl Harbor
» Guadalcanal Campaign
» Mariana Islands Campaign and the Great Turkey Shoot
» Philippines Campaign, Phase 1, the Leyte Campaign
» Battle of Iwo Jima
» Okinawa Campaign

Document(s):
» US Navy Report of Japanese Raid on Pearl Harbor, Enclosure E, USS Helm

Destroyer Helm (DD-388) Photo Gallery
Bagley-class destroyers Blue and Helm on 27 May 1937, the date of their launching, in Drydock #2 at Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, United States.
See all 9 photographs of Destroyer Helm (DD-388)




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Thomas Dodd, late 1945