|Ship Class||Colorado-class Battleship|
|Builder||Newport News Shipbuilding|
|Ordered||5 Dec 1916|
|Laid Down||12 Apr 1920|
|Launched||19 Nov 1921|
|Commissioned||1 Dec 1923|
|Decommissioned||9 Jan 1947|
|Displacement||33,218 tons standard; 34,130 tons full|
|Machinery||8 Babcock & Wilcox boilers, 4 General Electric turbo-electric drive, 4 propellers|
|Power Output||28,900 SHP|
|Range||8,000nm at 10 knots|
|Armament||8x16in/45 cal guns, 16x5in/38cal guns, 40x40mm Bofors guns, 43x20mm Oerlikon cannon|
|Armor||8-13.5in belt, 13in barbettes, 18in turret face, 16in conning tower, 3.5in decks|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
ww2dbaseUSS West Virginia, a 32,600-ton Colorado class battleship built at Newport News, Virginia, was commissioned in December 1923, the last battleship completed for the United States Navy for nearly two decades. During the 1920s and 1930s, she served in the U.S. Fleet, taking part in "Fleet Problems" and other exercises as part of the continuing effort to develop tactics and maintain the Navy's combat readiness. With much of the rest of the Fleet, she deployed to New Zealand and Australia in 1925 in an important demonstration of the Navy's trans-Pacific strategic "reach".
ww2dbaseWest Virginia's base was moved to Pearl Harbor in 1940, and she was there on 7 December 1941, when the Japanese attacked with an overwhelming force of carrier aircraft. In that raid, the battleship was hit by two bombs and at least seven torpedoes, which blew huge holes in her port side. Skillful damage control saved her from capsizing, but she quickly sank to the harbor bottom. More than a hundred of her crew were lost. Salvaged and given temporary repairs at the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, in April 1943 West Virginia steamed to the West Coast for final repair and modernization at the Puget Sound Navy Yard.
ww2dbaseThe battleship emerged from the shipyard in July 1944 completely changed in appearance, with a wider hull, and massively improved anti-aircraft gun battery. West Virginia arrived in the Pacific combat zone in October, and soon was participating in pre-invasion bombardment of Leyte, in the Philippines. On 25 October, as a force of Japanese battleships and smaller vessels attempted to make a night attack on the landing area, she was one of the ships that stopped them in the Battle of Surigao Strait, the last time in World history when battleships engaged battleships with their big guns.
ww2dbaseSubsequently, West Virginia took part in operations to capture Mindoro, Lingayen Gulf, Iwo Jima and Okinawa, using her sixteen-inch guns to support U.S. ground forces. On 1 April 1945, while off Okinawa, she was hit by a Japanese Kamikaze plane but was able to remain in action, continuing her bombardment duties there into June. After Japan's capitulation, West Virginia supported the occupation effort until mid-September. She participated in Operation "Magic Carpet" during the last part of 1945, bringing home veterans of the Pacific war. Inactive after early 1946, she was decommissioned in January 1947. Following twelve years in the Pacific Reserve Fleet, USS West Virginia was sold for scrapping in August 1959.
ww2dbaseSource: Naval Historical Center
Last Major Revision: Jan 2005
Battleship West Virginia (BB-48) Interactive Map
West Virginia Operational Timeline
|1 Dec 1923Â||West Virginia was commissioned into service.|
|16 Jul 1944Â||USS Mississippi and USS West Virginia departed Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, the latter after extensive repairs and modernization following damage received in the Pearl Harbor Attack.|
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Â»Â Leahy, William
Â»Â Miller, Doris
Â»Â Attack on Pearl Harbor
Â»Â Philippines Campaign, Phase 1, the Leyte Campaign
Â»Â Battle of Iwo Jima
Â»Â Okinawa Campaign
Â»Â US Navy Report of Japanese Raid on Pearl Harbor, Enclosure E, USS West Virginia
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