Japan

Japan's Surrender

14 Aug 1945 - 2 Sep 1945

Contributor: C. Peter Chen

With the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki destroyed by atomic weapons, the will of the Japanese leadership was tested. Then it came the news that the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, with troops crossing into northeastern China an hour later. These three reasons led to Emperor Showa's decision to break the deadlock at his council which debated fruitlessly whether or not to respond to the Allies' call for unconditional surrender. The Emperor said at the Imperial conference:

Continuation of the war does not promise successful conclusion no matter from what angle the situation is considered. Therefore I have decided, without suggestions from anyone, to order the conclusion of the war, as I cannot endure the thought of having to kill tens, evens hundreds of thousands of my subjects, and moreover to have to be called the disturber of world peace. Moreover, it is extremely difficult for me to have to turn over to the Allied authorities officers and men upon whom I have depended all this time as though they were part of my own body. But I have decided to endure what is unendurable and to accept the terms of the Potsdam Declaration.

The council obeyed the Emperor's edict, and started the negotiation process with the Allies through the neutral Switzerland, making only one demand that Emperor Showa would not be removed from power.

Surprising most of Japan, Emperor Showa of Japan announced his intention to surrender to the Allies unconditionally over public radio on 15 Aug 1945. It was the first time Japanese commoners heard an Emperor's voice, and most of them did not understand his Imperial court dialect, adding to his mysteriousness. His message, however defeated, did not once include the word "defeat", perhaps reflecting his refusal to face the reality that Japan had lost the war. His radio address was translated as follows:

To our good and loyal subjects:

After pondering deeply the general trends of the world and the actual conditions obtaining in our Empire today, we have decided to effect a settlement of the present situation by resorting to an extraordinary measure.

We have ordered our Government to communicate to the Governments of the United States, Great Britain, China, and the Soviet Union that our Empire accepts the provisions of their joint declaration.

To strive for the common prosperity and happiness of all nations as well as the security and well- being of our subjects is the solemn obligation that has been handed down by our Imperial Ancestors, and we lay it close to the heart.

Indeed, we declared war on America and Britain out of our sincere desire to ensure Japan's self- preservation and the stabilization of East Asia, it being far from our thought either to infringe upon the sovereignty of other nations or to embark upon territorial aggrandizement.

But now the war has lasted for nearly four years. Despite the best that has been done by everyone-- the gallant fighting of the military and naval forces, the diligence and assiduity of our servants of the state and the devoted service of our 100 million people--the war situation has developed not necessarily to Japan's advantage, while the general trends of the world have all turned against her interest.

Moreover, the enemy has begun to employ a new and most cruel bomb, the power of which to do damage is, indeed, incalculable, taking the toll of many innocent lives. Should we continue to fight, it would not only result in an ultimate collapse and obliteration of the Japanese nation, but also it would lead to the total extinction of human civilization.

Such being the case, how are we to save the millions of our subjects, or to atone ourselves before the hallowed spirits of our Imperial Ancestors? This is the reason why we have ordered the acceptance of the provisions of the joint declaration of the powers.

We cannot but express the deepest sense of regret to our allied nations of East Asia, who have consistently cooperated with the Empire toward the emancipation of East Asia.

The thought of those officers and men as well as others who have fallen in the fields of battle, those who died at their posts of duty, and those who met with death and all their bereaved families, pains our heart night and day.

The welfare of the wounded and the war sufferers, and of those who have lost their homes and livelihood is the object of our profound solicitude. The hardships and suffering to which our nation is to be subjected hereafter will be certainly great.

We are keenly aware of the inmost feelings of all you, our subjects. However, it is according to the dictates of time and fate that we have resolved to pave the way for a grand peace for all the generations to come by enduring the unendurable and suffering what is insufferable. Having been able to save and maintain the structure of the Imperial State, we are always with you, our good and loyal subjects, relying upon your sincerity and integrity.

Beware most strictly of any outbursts of emotion that may engender needless complications, and of any fraternal contention and strife that may create confusion, lead you astray and cause you to lose the confidence of the world.

Let the entire nation continue as one family from generation to generation, ever firm in its faith in the imperishableness of its divine land, and mindful of its heavy burden of responsibilities, and the long road before it. Unite your total strength to be devoted to the construction for the future. Cultivate the ways of rectitude, nobility of spirit, and work with resolution so that you may enhance the innate glory of the Imperial State and keep pace with the progress of the world.

All you, our subjects, we command you to act in accordance with our wishes.

Despite the Emperor's urging, a small group refused to admit defeat. A group of military servicemen, many of them special attack pilots, mutinied. Believing that the Emperor had been abducted by defeatists, they attacked the Imperial Palace, killing the general of the Imperial Guard Division before the small rebellion was subdued. This small rebellion made the Allies nervous. By sending Douglas MacArthur to Japan, would they be sending the Allied commander into a trap? MacArthur did not believe so, and he was right. Upon reaching Atsugi Airfield outside of the naval district of Yokohama, he was treated with utmost respect. Two Japanese divisions guarded the roadway between the airfield and Yokohama's New Grand Hotel, with their backs facing MacArthur, which was the same respect they would give the Emperor. As MacArthur planned the formal surrender, he also immediately embarked on a mission to free prisoners of war, including his comrade of the Philippines days Jonathan Wainwright from a camp in Mukden in northeastern China.

Tokyo Bay Surrender Ceremony

The date of Japan's formal surrender was 2 Sep 1945, and it took place aboard American battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay. That morning, the Japanese delegation boarded American destroyers for Missouri. Toshikazu Kase of the Foreign Ministry was a member of the delegation, who noted his impression of the Allied show of force in Tokyo Bay as he approached in USS Landsdown.

As the destroyer pushed out of the harbor, we saw in the offing lines on the lines of gray warships, both heavy and light, anchored in majestic array. This was the mighty pageant of the Allied navies that so lately belched forth their crashing battle, now holding in their swift thunder and floating like calm sea birds on the subjugated waters. A spirit of gay festivity pervaded the atmosphere.

After Kase arrived, he observed that

[t]here were row upon row of American admirals and generals in somber khaki; but what added to the festive gayety of the occasion was the sight of the war correspondents who, monkey-like, hung on to every cliff-like point of vantage in most precarious postures.... Then there was a gallery of spectators who seemed numberless, overcrowding every bit of available space on the great ship, on the mast, on the chimneys, on the gun turrets-on everything and everywhere.

"We are gathered here, representatives of the major warring powers, to conclude a solemn agreement whereby peace may be restored", said MacArthur to start the ceremony. Amidst American, British, and other Allied warships, Japanese foreign minister Mamoru Shigemitsu "[b]y Command and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese Government" and General Yoshijiro Umezu "[b]y Command and on behalf of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters" surrendered. For the Allies, MacArthur represented the United States and the Allied command, Chester Nimitz represented the United States, Hsu Yung-Ch'ang for China, Bruce Fraser for the United Kingdom, Kuzma Derevyanko for the Soviet Union, Thomas Blamey for Australia, Colonel Lawrence Moore Cosgrave for Canada, General Jacques LeClerc for France, Conrad E.L. Helfrich for the Netherlands, and Leonard Isitt signed the surrender document for New Zealand. British Arthur Percival and American Jonathan Wainwright, generals who were imprisoned by the Japanese early on in the war, were invited to witness the historical event.

The text of the instrument of surrender was as follows:

We, acting by command of and in behalf of the Emperor of Japan, the Japanese Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, hereby accept the provisions set forth in the declaration issued by the Heads of the Governments of the United States, China, and Great Britain on 26 July 1945 at Potsdam, and subsequently adhered to by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which four powers are hereafter referred to as the Allied Powers.

We hereby proclaim the unconditional surrender to the Allied Powers of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and of all Japanese armed forces and all armed forces under the Japanese control wherever situated.

We hereby command all Japanese forces wherever situated and the Japanese people to cease hostilities forthwith, to preserve and save from damage all ships, aircraft, and military and civil property and to comply with all requirements which may be imposed by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers or by agencies of the Japanese Government at his direction.

We hereby command the Japanese Imperial Headquarters to issue at once orders to the Commanders of all Japanese forces and all forces under Japanese control wherever situated to surrender unconditionally themselves and all forces under their control.

We hereby command all civil, military and naval officials to obey and enforce all proclamations, and orders and directives deemed by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers to be proper to effectuate this surrender and issued by him or under his authority and we direct all such officials to remain at their posts and to continue to perform their non-combatant duties unless specifically relieved by him or under his authority.

We hereby undertake for the Emperor, the Japanese Government and their successors to carry out the provisions of the Potsdam Declaration in good faith, and to issue whatever orders and take whatever actions may be required by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers or by any other designated representative of the Allied Powers for the purpose of giving effect to that Declaration.

We hereby command the Japanese Imperial Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters at once to liberate all allied prisoners of war and civilian internees now under Japanese control and to provide for their protection, care, maintenance and immediate transportation to places as directed.

The authority of the Emperor and the Japanese Government to rule the state shall be subject to the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers who will take such steps as he deems proper to effectuate these terms of surrender.

Signed at TOKYO BAY, JAPAN at 0904 on the SECOND day of SEPTEMBER, 1945

MAMORU SHIGEMITSU
By Command and on Behalf of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese Government

YOSHIJIRO UMEZU
By Command and on Behalf of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters

Accepted at TOKYO BAY, JAPAN at 0908 on the SECOND day of SEPTEMBER, 1945, for the United States, Republic of China, United Kingdom and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and in the interests of the other United Nations at war with Japan.

DOUGLAS MAC ARTHUR
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers

C.W. NIMITZ
United States Representative

HSU YUNG-CH'ANG
Republic of China Representative

BRUCE FRASER
United Kingdom Representative

KUZMA DEREVYANKO
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Representative

THOMAS BLAMEY
Commonwealth of Australia Representative

L. MOORE COSGRAVE
Dominion of Canada Representative

JACQUES LE CLERC
Provisional Government of the French Republic Representative

C.E.L. HELFRICH
Kingdom of the Netherlands Representative

LEONARD M. ISITT
Dominion of New Zealand Representative

When all signed the document, MacArthur approached the microphone and drew the war to a close: "Let us pray that peace be now restored to the world, and that God will preserve it always. These proceedings are closed."

As a precaution, Vice Admiral Raymond Spruance commanded a full carrier task force some distance off Japan in preparation of any foul play by the Japanese. The worst case scenario did not play out, and Spruance did not have the need to launch any combat missions on 2 Sep 1945.

Other Surrender Ceremonies

The surrender ceremony at Rabaul, New Britain took place on 6 Sep 1945 aboard the British carrier Glory.

Surrender ceremony in Korea took place in the Government Building in Seoul on 9 Sep 1945.

There were a number of surrender ceremonies in China. The first major ceremony took place in Hunan Province at the Zhijiang Airfield in Zhijiang County at 1600 hours on 21 Aug 1945. On 9 Sep 1945, General Yasuji Okamura of the Japanese China Expeditionary Army formally surrendered all Japanese troops in the entire China-Burma-India theater in a surrender ceremony in the ceremonial hall of the Chinese Military Academy at the capital city of Nanjing. On 25 Oct 1945 in Zhongshan Hall in Taipei, Taiwan, Chinese representative Chen Yi accepted the Japanese surrender of the island.

Sources:
Bruce Gamble, Darkest Hour
Douglas MacArthur, Reminiscences
Dan van der Vat, The Pacific Campaign
Wikipedia

Japan's Surrender Interactive Map

Japan's Surrender Timeline

21 Jul 1945 The Allied leadership threatened Japan with destruction if it did not surrender.
10 Aug 1945 Faced with the threat of more atomic bombs and the menace of the Soviets, Japan announced that it was willing to surrender provided the future status of the Emperor could be assured.
11 Aug 1945 US Secretary of State James Byrnes rejected the Japanese surrender terms offered on the previous day, citing the refusal for any Japanese preconditions. Meanwhile, American aircraft continued conventional bombing of Japanese cities.
12 Aug 1945 Emperor Showa ordered his government to surrender.
14 Aug 1945 The Japanese Imperial Council accepted Emperor Showa's order to surrender to the Allies powers' surrender terms. In turn, Prime Minister Kantaro Suzuki notified the Allies that Japan was accepting the Potsdam Declaration.
15 Aug 1945 Emperor Showa addressed his nation via radio, announcing the end of the war. Meanwhile, the Japanese government informed the Allies its willingness to meet the unconditional surrender terms. In response, the US government ordered all hostilities to cease in Asia. A group of Japanese Army officers made a coup d'état attempt by attacking the Imperial Palace in Tokyo, Japan; it ended in failure.
19 Aug 1945 Japanese troops were told by their government that surrendering under the terms of a ceasefire would not be considered a loss of honour under the Bushido code which demanded fighting to the death. As a result thousands began laying down their arms. Meanwhile, more than 100 Allied warships waited off the coast of Japan for the order to enter her ports.
21 Aug 1945 The first major Japanese surrender ceremony in China took place at the Zhijiang Airfield in Zhijiang County, Hunan Province at 1600 hours.
24 Aug 1945 Japan agreed that the first Allied troops on the homeland would be paratroopers.
28 Aug 1945 In Japan, an advance guard of 150 US airborne troops landed at Atsuki airfield outside Tokyo; they were the first Allied troops to set foot on the Japanese mainland.
29 Aug 1945 US troops made an administrative landing near Tokyo, Japan, starting the occupation.
30 Aug 1945 A British battle squadron led by the aircraft carrier Indomitable entered Hong Kong to reoccupy the Crown Colony. Meanwhile, the main Allied forces began going ashore on mainland Japan.
31 Aug 1945 Around 1,000 Allied prisoners of war from camps in the Tokyo, Japan area were transferred to hospital ships offshore.
1 Sep 1945 Two US Marine Corps aircraft dropped surrender terms to the Japanese garrisons on Wotje and Maloelap Atolls in the Marshall Islands.
2 Sep 1945 V-J Day: Japan signed the surrender document aboard USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
3 Sep 1945 General Tomoyuki Yamashita surrendered Japanese troops in the Philippine Islands to US Army General Jonathan Wainwright.
4 Sep 1945 Japanese troops on Wake Island surrendered.
5 Sep 1945 Destroyer HMAS Vendetta entered Simpson Harbor, New Britain in preparation of the surrender ceremony.
6 Sep 1945 Carrier HMS Glory and her task force arrived off Rabaul, New Britain in the morning. At 0900 hours, sloop HMS Hart picked up Hitoshi Imamura and Jinichi Kusaka at Kabanga Bay, who would sign the surrender documents aboard HMS Glory at 1127 hours which surrendered 139,000 remaining personnel at Rabaul plus all forces in Australian territory in the South Pacific.
8 Sep 1945 The Japanese Navy Northern Fleet surrendered to the Americans at Mutsu Bay, Japan.
9 Sep 1945 Americans Vice Admiral Thomas Kinkaid and Lieutenant General John Hodge accepted the surrender of all Japanese forces in Korea in the General Government Building in Seoul, Korea.
9 Sep 1945 Japanese Army General Yasuji Okamura, Commander-in-Chief of the China Expeditionary Force, signed a surrender document at Nanjing, China on behalf of 1,000,000 Japanese troops and handed it to General He Yingqin, acting on behalf of Generalissimo Chiang Kaishek.
13 Sep 1945 Captain Hisayuki Soeda surrendered Nauru and Ocean Island surrendered to Australian troops.
13 Sep 1945 Japanese forces in Burma surrendered to the Allies.
16 Sep 1945 Japanese troops surrendered in Hong Kong.
1 Dec 1945 The last Japanese resistance unit in Saipan, Mariana Islands surrendered.
30 Jun 1951 A group of Japanese soldiers in the Mariana Islands, who had previously refused to believe that Japan had surrendered in 1945, finally surrendered to Lieutenant Commander James Johnson of the US Navy.

Photographs

Soldiers at the Rainbow Corner Red Cross Club in Paris, France displayed their copies of Paris Post special edition announcing Japanese surrender, 10 Aug 1945Emperor Showa (Hirohito) recording the surrender speech, Tokyo, Japan, 14 Aug 1945Harry Truman announcing JapanJapanese top level meeting before Emperor Showa, 14 Aug 1945; the Japanese surrender was decided as an outcome of this meeting
See all 130 photographs of Japan's Surrender



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Visitor Submitted Comments

  1. betty morris fountain says:
    12 May 2005 09:06:07 PM

    my uncle clell morris died in world war 11 when his ship was blown up by the **** . iam trying to retrieve any info concerning his death and any medals he may have been awarded which his family has not recieved.any info you may have would be so appreciated.
  2. Anonymous says:
    9 Jul 2005 01:10:16 PM

    ok this person is below is retarted
    wats**** he must be retarted or a **** !!!!!!
  3. Dr. Dale McSherry says:
    30 Mar 2006 07:25:51 PM

    My father, his rank at the time, Lt. Col. Elwood McSherry, was on McArthurs staff, and was at the signing on the Missouri, and I am still trying to find his picture. Could you help me?
    Thank you.
  4. Anonymous says:
    25 Jul 2006 02:51:02 PM

    amazing research and info in here. thanks for the help on the school project.
  5. Marion William Steele says:
    15 Aug 2007 07:18:12 PM

    Included in the UNCONDITIONAL Potsdam Surrender Papers was the return of the Ryukyu Islands to the Ryukyuan people via the Cairo Accords of 1943
  6. Anonymous says:
    31 Dec 2007 06:34:43 AM

    Oh my God, this site is amazing! It helped me out so much. Thank you!!
  7. costetchi stefan says:
    30 Dec 2008 03:52:40 AM

    un site de nota 10
    bravo
  8. Anonymous says:
    11 Jan 2009 10:22:08 AM

    wow i am on a report looking up info about hirohito and all of it is different why is that i mean i have to get a good grade on it so you should have the right info about him and his life i mean it seriously!!!!
  9. BILL says:
    21 Feb 2009 04:33:26 PM

    Dec.7th 1941 My Father Henry W. De Nomie, like thousands of other American's applied for military service. As he waited, he found work in the defense industry my father moved from position to position, his last position, was testing the machinery for navy torpedos, balancing the contra-rotating propeller blades and final-inspection. My father was exempt from military service due to his war-time position, but all my uncle's served in the army. Dad had to give demo's to all the military brass, and high ranking civilians that would tour the factory during the war. Dad lived a long life, he passed away Nov. 5, 2007 he was 88 years old. I LOVE YOU DAD. Not much is published about war production, and the men and women who worked long and hard to witness the final victory over Japan, Germany and Italy, they were " THE GREATEST GENERATION " War production was 24 hrs a day 7 days a week, 365 day a year. The un-told story of the thousands of worker's who were injuried and died as a result of war production.........
  10. Anonymous says:
    26 Apr 2009 04:52:03 PM

    My father served with the USS California in WW2. He keeps telling me a story about being part of the 1st US boarding party in Wakayama Wan the day after the war ended. When the boarding party landed there was no one in sight. After moving a short distance inland, a small boy suddenly appeared. My father motioned him to come over. He dug into his pocket and gave him a candy. The boy followed him a short distance then went away. I am just wondering if by chance anyone knows what became of that little boy or remembers anything about that day?
  11. BILL says:
    18 May 2009 04:48:21 PM

    Did you know, that 300,000 Americans died or were injured working in factories during World War II. War production was 24 hours a day,7 days a week, 365 days a year. By 1943 the United States produced more then Germany, Japan and Italy together
  12. Anonymous says:
    20 Aug 2009 07:08:28 PM

    is it true the s-44 crashed in a japanes combat ship an sink
  13. Anonymous says:
    30 Mar 2010 11:15:10 PM

    One tidbit that is cool is that the Japanese representatives were not saluted before the ceremony but were saluted as they left the ship, since the war was over.
  14. A frenchman says:
    16 Apr 2010 02:59:48 AM

    Sorry for insisting on a little detail : the name of the Provisional Government of the French Republic Representative was General Philippe Leclerc.
  15. Manuel King says:
    16 Jun 2010 10:54:43 AM

    I was privliged to accompany a copy of the Japanese surrender document and Yamamoto's sword to West Point during part of my service with USAF while stationed at Boling Field, D.C. We flew up in a twin engine Cessna, but I cannot recollect the names of the officers and another enlisted man on the flight. I'd like to know if any of these people are still with us today. Please contact me at my email address.
    Sgt. Manuel King
    (My rank at the time of delivery)
  16. Marc David Weintraub says:
    22 Sep 2010 11:51:42 PM

    I am a guide on BB63 in Pearl Harbor, myself and several others are trying to determine who wrote General Douglas MacArthur's speech delivered 2/Sept/45 onboard in Tokyo Bay...Any ideas????
  17. Jean says:
    7 Oct 2010 12:21:25 AM

    Japan historically had many earthquakes and limited natural resources as the islands country. From early 15 century, from the European missionaries' outreach, they started corresponded to Europe and outer world out of their far-East territory.
    They started purchase guns and armories earlier than any other Asian countries such as China and Korea, or other pacific Asian countries and started invaded China, Korea, and other southern Asian countries slaughtering many innocent civilians brutally, and colonized them from early 1930s. If you refer old historic records of the China, Korea, Philiphin, Malaysia, Vietnam and so on, you can see Japan's constant invasion and brutal attacks and killing their civilians dated from 16 centuries all around Pacific Asian countries. Many Westerners know that German killed around 6 million Jews during World WarII, but many Westerners don't know Japanese killed over 12 millions Asians during World WarII. Please check the historic records of the China, Korea and All Pacific Asian countries. Then America intervened as they did to German in Europe. America gave 48 hour's waring of dropping the Atomic bomb to surrender and stop invading other Asian counties, The Japanese Emperor refused, so they dropped the Atomic bomb after 48 hour, Japanese still refused to surrender the colonization and invasion of the Asian nations, so America dropped 2nd after three days later.
    As an Asian American, let's face the truth. Nobody like to see the tragedy of Atomic bombs or concentration camp. But if America didn't intervene the WarII, France, England, Italy..and so on, many European countries won't exist right now.
    Also China, Korea and many other Pacific Asian countries neither.
    It's so sad that many ignorants blame America for Atomic bombing, or Normandie Battles, but how this world would exist without a nation with big brotherhood heart?
    It's like living in a city without police. If somebody invade your home, and there's no police and everybody have to deal with their own protection, how the weaks survive?
    So before bad mouth about America, study the history. The sad human history of that there are always some greedy evil nations always attack other nations when most of the nations want to live in peace.
    Because I know this undeniable history, I speak highly about America and will in the future.
  18. Gene K. Hucke RM3 says:
    27 Nov 2010 09:12:51 AM

    I served aboard the USS Springfield CLG-7
    from 1960 to 1962(a converted light cruiser )formally CL-66 which accompanied the
    USS Missouri into the harbor on that memorable day. I was proud to serve my
    country on my ship that was part of that
    period of our lives. GO NAVY ! ! !
    part of history
  19. Billie says:
    29 Nov 2010 07:26:35 AM

    I am proud my dad served in the Navy during WW2, Korea and Viet Nam. He was one of 3 photographers to record on film the surrender of Japan on the USS Missouri. There is a picture on him on Google. He took many pictures during these wars for the Navy which are in archives. His stories were amazing, but the photographers get no credit and I don't know which are his, but he used to recognize many of them when they were shown on TV. I am proud of these people who risked their lives in such a way. God bless all our freedom fighters past and present.
  20. Anonymous says:
    17 Sep 2011 11:58:55 PM

    After my Dad passed away, we found an I D card that commemorated him as being present at the signing. Is there a list of all present on that day?
  21. marge says:
    7 Oct 2011 08:18:40 PM

    Billie - my great uncle, Marshall Berard was also one of those government photographers on the Missouri for the signing of the peace treaty.
  22. Anonymous says:
    15 May 2012 07:13:02 AM

    Thanks your site rocks
  23. Anonymous says:
    13 Jun 2012 02:08:08 PM

    I'd like to point out a 'date error' on http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=13

    Hirohito gave his radio address to Japan at noon on Aug 15, not Aug 14 as stated in the article as per both
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hirohito
    and
    https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/vol46no3/article07.html
  24. Robert F. Reiland says:
    21 Aug 2012 08:04:57 AM

    The "Air Show" during the Japanese Surrender in Tokyo Bay 2 Sept 1945 was the "World's Best Air Show" in my opinion. Can you please identify the officer who planned that "Show of Force Mision"? Also, please identify the air units who participated. GREAT SITE !
  25. Anonymous says:
    13 Feb 2013 10:52:47 AM

    all of you people that just try to bring down everyone else, just don't even comment. nobody wants to read some jerk's comment being mean to someone else. also, i think that the moderators should delete such comments. also, i have found on other sites that the targets are not the same as the ones that this site says for the atom bombs. if you could check around and make sure that the info is right, i would appreciate it. thanks
  26. Anonymous says:
    13 Feb 2013 10:54:31 AM

    i just commented, i was talking about the atom bombs on the japan surrender site! XD failure. also could there be a quotes tab, because i am trying to find some quotes that are related to the atomic bombings.
  27. Anonymous says:
    16 Mar 2013 11:10:18 AM

    one detail correction on the timeline - 28 Aug 1945 - 600 paratroopers were sent, not 150. I only know this because my Dad, Donald Leyland, a paratroop infantry commander, was one of the 600 men. He said MacArthur arrived later that same day.
  28. Anonymous says:
    21 May 2013 08:26:10 AM

    The "Air Show" during the Japanese Surrender in Tokyo Bay 2 Sept 1945 was the "World's Best Air Show" in my opinion. Can you please identify the officer who planned that "Show of Force Mision"? Also, please identify the air units who participated. GREAT SITE !I served aboard the USS Springfield CLG-7
    from 1960 to 1962(a converted light cruiser )formally CL-66 which accompanied the
    USS Missouri into the harbor on that memorable day. I was proud to serve my
    country on my ship that was part of that
    period of our lives. GO NAVY ! ! !
    part of history
    Anonymous says:
    13 Feb 2013 10:52:47 AM

    all of you people that just try to bring down everyone else, just don't even comment. nobody wants to read some jerk's comment being mean to someone else. also, i think that the moderators should delete such comments. also, i have found on other sites that the targets are not the same as the ones that this site says for the atom bombs. if you could check around and make sure that the info is right, i would appreciate it. thanks
    Anonymous says:
    13 Feb 2013 10:54:31 AM

    i just commented, i was talking about the atom bombs on the japan surrender site! XD failure. also could there be a quotes tab, because i am trying to find some quotes that are related to the atomic bombings.
    Anonymous says:
    16 Mar 2013 11:10:18 AM

    one detail correction on the timeline - 28 Aug 1945 - 600 paratroopers were sent, not 150. I only know this because my Dad, Donald Leyland, a paratroop infantry commander, was one of the 600 men. He said MacArthur arrived later that same day.
  29. Anonymous says:
    5 Oct 2013 02:00:32 PM

    a Navy man that was at the signing of the treaty in Tokyo bay has told many that a treaty was signed on the day before the signing on the Missouri. He said the reason for it was the US thought it possible the Japanese would bomb the Missouri during the signing, I have read in in one book but cannot find any other information can you help
  30. David Stubblebine says:
    6 Oct 2013 02:54:51 PM

    To Anonymous #29:

    I have never heard of this but it would certainly fit. The line of top US brass seen in the photographs taken aboard the Missouri is conspicuous in its omission of Raymond Spruance. This is because Spruance remained offshore in command of a striking force set to strike Japan if the signing ceremony aboard the Missouri turned out to be a trap. One would think having previously signed surrender documents would be a reasonable component of those contingency plans. If true, my guess would be (and I am only guessing) that those documents were on Guam during the signing aboard Missouri.

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More on Japan's Surrender
Participants:
» Showa (Hirohito)
» Adachi, Hatazo
» Ando, Rikichi
» Barbey, Daniel
» Blamey, Thomas
» Chen, Shaokuan
» Chen, Yi
» Collins, John
» Derevyanko, Kuzma
» Gu, Zhutong
» Halsey, William
» He, Yingqin
» Holden, Carl
» Itagaki, Seishiro
» Kenney, George
» Kinkaid, Thomas
» MacArthur, Douglas
» McCain, John
» Mountbatten, Louis
» Murray, George
» Nimitz, Chester
» Okamura, Yasuji
» Percival, Arthur
» Shigemitsu, Mamoru
» Spaatz, Carl
» Stilwell, Joseph
» Tanaka, Shizuichi
» Umezu, Yoshijiro
» Wainwright, Jonathan
» Xiao, Yisu

Location:
» Japan

Ship Participants:
» Detroit
» Glory
» King George V
» Makin Island
» Missouri
» Ralph Talbot
» Saint Paul
» Sea Cat
» South Dakota

Documents:
» Chiang Kaishek General Order No. 1
» Imperial Rescript for Surrender
» Imperial Rescript for the Surrender of Japanese Military
» Japanese Instrument of Surrender
» Japanese Instrument of Surrender to China
» Memorandum from He Yingqin to Yasuji Okamura
» Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers General Order No. 1

Related Book:
» The Rape of Nanking


Japan's Surrender Photo Gallery
Soldiers at the Rainbow Corner Red Cross Club in Paris, France displayed their copies of Paris Post special edition announcing Japanese surrender, 10 Aug 1945
See all 130 photographs of Japan's Surrender



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Famous WW2 Quote
"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944