Reclaiming the Philippines file photo

Philippines Campaign, Phase 2

12 Dec 1944 - 15 Aug 1945

Contributor: C. Peter Chen

Mindoro
12-28 Dec 1944

Before American forces could consider assaulting Luzon, the largest island in the Philippines and home to the capital city Manila, advance airbases must be established so that the troops could move under the protection of friendly aircraft. On 12 Dec, Brigadier General William Dunkel and his troops sailed for Mindoro under the protection of the Seventh Fleet by way of Surigao Strait. The landing took place on 15 Dec. Completely surprising the Japanese, who thought Negros or Panay would be the next American target, the landing was unopposed. Carrier-born aircraft circled above also nearly unchallenged, but many Kamikaze aircraft slipped through and caused considerable damage to American shipping including sinking two landing craft, though in the grand scheme of the invasion the sacrifices achieved little. By 28 Dec, two fighter bases were ready for the Luzon invasion scheduled for 9 Jan. With Mindoro lost, Japan also lost the use Manila as a central transfer station of naval transports.

"What you have done on Leyte and are doing on Mindoro are masterpieces", George Marshall complimented Douglas MacArthur.

Luzon
9 Jan-15 Aug 1945

With Mindoro secured, American forces were now just south of Luzon. While MacArthur's intention was to make his main landing assault at Lingayen in northern Luzon, elaborate attempts at deception were made in the south. He had his aircraft unceasingly make reconnaissance flights and bombing missions in southern Luzon. Transport aircraft made many paradrops with dummies, while minesweepers cleared Balagan, Batangas, and Tayabas Bays. Filipino resistance fighters in southern Luzon, too, were called to conduct major sabotage operations. All the effort was to provide a false notion that the American landing was to take place in southern Luzon instead of Lingayen. General Tomoyuki Yamashita, commander of the Japanese ground forces in the Philippine Islands, must had at least made slightly unsure, for that he did not move his headquarters to northern Luzon until after the landing had already taken place at Lingayen. The opening amphibious operation at Luzon, unopposed by the Japanese except for air attacks, landed more men than the first wave of the Normandy landing, and 175,000 were ashore within the first few days, securing a beachhead twenty miles wide. Vice Admiral Shigeru Fukudome noted after the war that he "had no advance information of [American] movement against Lingayen until the fleet actually [departed]." Even by then, the Japanese believed the landing would be attempted around Manila Bay, and they "were taken by surprise when [Americans] appeared in Lingayen and started landing there." Nevertheless, Yamashita knew well that the vast coastlines of Luzon meant defenses established closed to the shores would be useless; instead, most of his men were fortified well inland, leaving only small units closer to the shore to delay the advance of American units. When all of MacArthur's first-phase landers set foot on Luzon, he had 280,000 men at his disposal; that was more than the number Eisenhower had in the campaigns for North Africa, Italy, or southern France.

Special Attack units, again, posed a threat for the landing forces. USS Ommaney Bay, an escort carrier, was lost when a Kamikaze aircraft dove through its wooden flight deck. Two dozen other warships were damaged by similar suicide attacks, with one destroyer sunk. As the campaign stretched on, Rear Admiral Oldendorf would lose more than twenty vessels from Kamikaze before the Japanese defenders ran out of aircraft.

Yamashita led the defending Japanese troops in fighting valiantly against the advancing US army. Though wielding a larger force, he could do little to stop the American advance without air power. He decided to take part of his troops into the island's interior and attempted to draw the campaign as long as possible; this strategy was approved by the Imperial General Headquarters (IGHQ) at Tokyo on 18 Jan. Yamashita split his forces in two major groups, one fortifying Luzon's mountains and the other to defend Manila.

Clark Field was captured by US XIV Corps on 23 Jan, reclaiming the airfield that saw the destruction of part of the US air force helplessly on the ground. On 31 Jan, MacArthur visited the US 1st Cavalry Division and gave Major General Mudge an order: "Go to Manila. Go around the Nips, bounce off the Nips, but go to Manila. Free the internees at Santo Tomás. Take Malacañang Palace and the Legislative Building." The push toward Manila was conducted in three columns each consisted of the 37th Infantry Division, the 1st Cavalry Division (Brigadier General Chase), and the 11th Airborne Division (Lieutenant General Robert Eichelberger). The first two of the three columns had their troops riding on top of tanks as the tanks sped toward Manila, 100 miles to the south, while the 11th Airborne Division made a landing south of the city. The three columns competed to be the first to reach Manila. On 3 Feb at 1835 hours, forward elements of the 1st Cavalry Division reached Manila first. At 2050 hours, with the help of local guides, the cavalry troops reached Santo Tomás University, freeing 200 Allied prisoners of war. On the same day, the Malacañang Palace was secured by Troop F of the 8th Cavalry Regiment.

Fighting in Manila was only beginning. 20,000 Japanese troops were fortified in the city, slowly falling back toward the Intramuros, a fortress-like district built by the Spanish colonial government of a former era.

Although the Americans were under orders to advance without causing too much destruction in the city, influenced by MacArthur's liking for the city, the city still suffered dearly from American artillery and air attacks during the month-long urban fighting; an estimated 1,000 Filipinos were killed from American tank and artillery fire. However, a much greater part of damage, both material as well as in human lives, were caused by the Japanese. Before Yamashita had left Manila for his new headquarters in Banguio, he left Vice Admiral Denshichi Okochi instructions to destroy the port facilities and declare Manila an open city. However, Okochi defied his orders. With a division-equivalent of mostly naval personnel, Okochi and his men engaged in a horrendous pillaging act. Hospitals were set afire with patients tied to their beds. Women of all ages raped and murdered. Babies' eyeballs were gouged out and smeared on walls. 100,000 Filipinos would be murdered mercilessly in Manila and all around Luzon in the last days of Japanese control.

While the tactics were in the hands of MacArthur's field commanders, the general grew bored and decided to visit prisoners recently liberated from Santo Tomás. Some of the prisoners there were his Bataan troops. He was surrounded by thousands of his former soldiers, he recalled,

they remained silent, as though at inspection. I looked down the lines of men bearded and soiled..., with ripped and soiled shirts and trousers, with toes sticking out such shoes as remained, with suffering and torture written on their gaunt faces. Here was all that was left of my men of Bataan and Corregidor.... As I passed slowly down the scrawny, suffering column, ... a whisper said 'You're back,' or 'you made it'.... I could only reply, 'I'm a little late, but we finally came.'

On 25 Feb, MacArthur marched into his former residence, where his wife Jean and his son Arthur witnessed 132 Japanese aircraft ravaging the American base at Cavite from the balcony over three years ago. The city was finally declared secure on 3 Mar 1945. By this time, Manila was only nearly a pile of rubble; in WW2, only Warsaw experienced greater damage than Manila. 70% of the utilities, 75% of the factories, 80% of the southern residential district, and the entire business district were destroyed.

When MacArthur, en route to Manila, sailed by Corregidor, he stood on the deck of the ship and stared in deep thought. He later commented.

Intrinsically it is but a barren, war-worn rock, hallowed, as so many places [are], by death and disaster. Yet it symbolizes within itself that priceless, deathless thing, the honor of a nation. Until we lift our flag from its dust, we stand unredeemed before mankind. Until we claim again the ghastly remnants of its last gaunt garrison, we can but stand humble supplicants before Almighty God. There lies our Holy Grail.

Jean MacArthur's comment after seeing Corregidor once again, under the protection of American fighters up above, was more of the casual nature:

The last time I was here, they were all Japs, and instead of watching them we were running for cover. But George [Kenney], what have you done to Corregidor? I could hardly recognize it when we passed it! It looks as though you had lowered it at least forty feet.

Jean's comments were not unfounded. George Kenney, MacArthur's air chief, did indeed drop four thousand tons of various bombs on the island before it was recaptured by MacArthur's troops.

On 27 Feb 1945, Manila was considered safe for the return of the Philippines government. At Malacanan Palace, a formal ceremony restored Sergio Osmeña as the head of all of Philippines.

Meanwhile, the American offensive in southern Luzon began on 20 Feb, initially by XIV Corps but on 14 Mar took over by XI Corps, though some of the units remained in fighting, just that they were reporting to a new set of superiors. Japanese troops at the city of Antipolo, at Bicol Peninsula in southeastern Luzon, and other locations defended their positions with stubborn determination, and the battle would not end until the Japanese surrender in Aug 1945 that ended the war.

The campaign on the island of Luzon was costly for both sides. The Japanese saw 205,535 killed and 9,050 captured as prisoners. The Americans suffered 8,310 dead and 29,560 wounded.

Mindanao
10 Mar 1945

Eichelberger and the US 8th Army landed on Mindanao on 10 March following the capture of Manila. Japanese troops at Mindanao would fight a guerilla war in the mountains of Mindanao until the last days of the war.

Conclusion of the Campaign

The Philippines were finally declared secure on 30 Jun 1945, and on 5 Jul MacArthur announced that "[t]he entire Philippine Islands are now liberated". In the end, as 17 divisions of American forces moved against the defenders, nearly all 23 divisions of Japanese troops were annihilated. At the end of the Luzon campaign, MacArthur received the report at his desk that the Philippines campaign at that point only cost 820 American lives, while over 12,000 Japanese were killed; such was the result of the superior firepower employed by the Americans by air, land, and sea.

After Manila was secured, MacArthur engaged in a bitter campaign to clear Japanese soldiers from every inch of Filipino soil. This campaign was highly criticized, for many viewed it as a campaign that wasted American lives for objectives that were inconsequential. The campaign was considered by many as MacArthur's selfish venture that fulfilled the obsession of clearing every corner of Philippines of the Japanese.

Across all the islands, efforts of local resistance groups against the Japanese should not go unmentioned, as they rivaled the effectiveness of the French resistance. By 1944, 180,000 Filipinos had served in the resistance in some way, with one in six of them serving in Luis Tarluc's Hukbalahaps. The Huks, as they were referred to by Americans, were a band of Marxists that were consisted mostly of the middle class whose devotion were attributed to their faith in MacArthur. The Huks and other resistance groups, after Hollandia, sent Australia nearly 4,000 radio messages every month, detailing from military maneuvers to the guest list at the Manila Hotel. MacArthur, in return, sneaked equipment, transmitters, and even commando teams to the guerillas by submarines. The Japanese secret police put price on resistance leaders and publicly beheaded those caught, but the Filipinos only fought on with greater determination. One such leader was Lieutenant Colonel Guillermo Nakar, a former member of the 14th Infantry of the Philippine Army. After being caught sending intelligence info to MacArthur's forces, he was tortured and beheaded. Instead of shutting down his cell's operations out of fear, however, "a new leader rose to carry on the fight", recalled MacArthur. As American troops advanced in Luzon, guerilla forces cut telephone wires to disrupt Japanese communications, while key bridges behind Japanese lines were dynamited. MacArthur commented that these irregulars in Luzon "accomplished the purpose of practically a front-line division." He noted that

Whole divisions of Japanese troops that the Emperor badly needed elsewhere were deployed against phantom enemy units.... A strong and ruthless force, at times using barbaric methods, was never able to completely conquer this simple, brave people armed with very little more than courage and faith in the promise that [MacArthur] would return.

Beginning in Dec 1944, after the American occupation of Mindoro, the flow of oil into Japan was cut to nearly zero. In Sep 1944 700,000 tons of tankers ferried oil and rubber from various ports in the South Pacific to the home islands; by the end of the year that number would be cut down to 2,000. With control of Philippines, the United States and the Allies added another instrument to blockade Japan.

Sources: American Caesar, Interrogation of Japanese Officials, the Pacific Campaign, Reminiscences, World War II US Cavalry Units.

Philippines Campaign, Phase 2 Interactive Map

Philippines Campaign, Phase 2 Timeline

12 Dec 1944 The American invasion fleet for Mindoro, Philippine Islands set sail.
14 Dec 1944 Fearing they were about to be invaded, Japanese defenders in Palawan in the Philippine Islands murdered 145 American prisoners of war by shooting, bayoneting, clubbing and setting them on fire while still alive. Far to the east, the US Navy Fast Carrier Task Force arrived 90 miles east of Luzon, Philippine Islands and began to launch aircraft to cover the landings on Mindoro.
15 Dec 1944 US troops landed on Mindoro, Philippine Islands.
16 Dec 1944 The US Navy Fast Carrier Task Force retired from Philippine waters after three consecutive days of air operations.
30 Dec 1944 The US Navy Fast Carrier Task Force sortied from Ulithi, Caroline Islands for the invasion of Luzon, Philippine Islands.
1 Jan 1945 US aircraft attacked Clark Field on Luzon Island of the Philippine Islands.
1 Jan 1945 US aircraft attacked Japanese airfields on Negros Island, Philippine Islands.
3 Jan 1945 In the Philippine Islands, the forward elements of the American invasion fleet for Luzon passed through the Surigao Strait. In support, aircraft of Task Fleet 38 struck Japanese airfields in Taiwan.
5 Jan 1945 In the Philippine Islands, Japanese aircraft attacked the American invasion fleet bound for Luzon. Special attack aircraft damaged cruiser USS Louisville, Australian cruiser HMAS Australia, destroyer USS Helm, destroyer USS Stafford, Australian destroyer HMAS Arunta, escort carrier USS Manila Bay, and escort carrier USS Savo Island. Meanwhile, American aircraft sunk Japanese destroyers Momi and damaged destroyers Hinoki and Sugi west of Manila Bay.
6 Jan 1945 Japanese special attack aircraft sank minesweeper USS Long at Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands.
9 Jan 1945 The US Sixth Army invaded Luzon Island, Philippine Islands.
10 Jan 1945 A Japanese Army special attack aircraft damaged USS Le Ray Wilson in the Philippine Islands.
12 Jan 1945 The Japanese Army launched its final special attack mission in the Philippine Islands area.
29 Jan 1945 American troops landed near San Antonio, Luzon, Philippine Islands unopposed.
30 Jan 1945 About 500 Allied prisoners of war were rescued at Cabanatuan, Luzon, Philippine Islands by a raid conducted by the US Army.
31 Jan 1945 In the Philippine Islands, elements of the 11th US Airborne Division came ashore at Nasugbu Bay, some 50 miles south of Manila and opposite Bataan at the mouth of Manila Bay.
3 Feb 1945 US forces engaged Japanese troops in Manila, Philippine Islands.
16 Feb 1945 On Luzon, Philippine Islands, American troops captured the Bataan Peninsula while paratroopers assaulted the island of Corregidor at the tip of the peninsula.
19 Feb 1945 US troops landed on Samar and Capul in the Philippine Islands.
23 Feb 1945 Fighting at the Intramuros district of Manila, Philippine Islands began. On the same day, the US 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino guerrillas, freed the captives of the Los Baños internment camp in the Philippine Islands.
26 Feb 1945 American troops captured Corregidor, Philippine Islands.
3 Mar 1945 US and Filipino troops captured Manila, Luzon, Philippine Islands.
10 Mar 1945 US troops landed on Zamboanga Peninsula, Mindanao, Philippine Islands.
16 Mar 1945 US troops in landed on Basilan in the Philippine Islands.
18 Mar 1945 Filipino guerrillas welcomed the invading American troops on Panay, Philippine Islands.
1 Apr 1945 US 158th Regimental Combat Team landed near Legaspi, Luzon, Philippine Islands.
2 Apr 1945 US troops landed on Sanga Sanga, Sulu, Philippine Islands without resistance; Filipino guerrilla fighters had already secured the island prior to the landing.
10 Apr 1945 In the Philippine Islands, US troops captured Jolo in Sulu and Lamon Bay at Luzon.
20 Apr 1945 US Army troops landed on Catanduanes, Philippine Islands.
1 May 1945 The Mexican Expeditionary Air Force arrived in the Philippine Islands.
17 May 1945 Mexican 201st Expeditionary Squadron with P-47 Thunderbolt aircraft began operations from Clark Field in the Philippine Islands.
19 May 1945 US 43rd Division secured the Ipoh dam area north of Manila, Luzon, Philippine Islands. US 25th Division began mopping up operations at Santa, Romblon, Philippine Islands.
18 Jun 1945 Japanese resistance on Mindinao, Philippine Islands ceased.
21 Jun 1945 US troops captured Aparri, Luzon, Philippine Islands.
28 Jun 1945 General MacArthur announced the end of Japanese resistance throughout the Philippine Islands.
5 Jul 1945 Douglas MacArthur announced that the Philippine Islands had been liberated.

Photographs

Crew of USS Nashville inspecting the damage caused by a special attack aircraft, Dec 1944Gun crew of cruiser Phoenix tried to identify an aircraft above, off Mindoro, Philippine Islands, 15 Dec 1944US convoy sailing between Leyte and Mindoro in the Philippine Islands, 25-31 Dec 1944Downed Japanese special attack aircraft burning in the water, between Leyte and Mindoro in the Philippine Islands, 25-31 Dec 1944
See all 27 photographs of Philippines Campaign, Phase 2

Maps

Map depicting US 6th Army operations at Leyte and Samar, Philippine Islands, 17 Oct-30 Dec 1944Map depicting the campaign in the Philippine Islands, 13 Dec 1944-24 Jan 1945Map of major Pacific War engagements, 1942-1945Map of the American campaign on Luzon, Philippine Islands, 9 Jan-4 Feb 1945
See all 6 maps of Philippines Campaign, Phase 2



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Visitor Submitted Comments

  1. Serge Nabatar, Jr. says:
    6 Mar 2006 09:47:18 PM

    would you have information on the japanese troops that were defending mindanao in 1945
  2. Anonymous says:
    9 Mar 2006 04:47:28 PM

    Hello, My grandfather was with AB 11, 7th tng bn in the philippines approx 1941-43 Im looking for info on that units mission, failures and successes. Thank you in advance for any help you may provide.
  3. Anonymous says:
    11 Nov 2006 04:31:00 PM

    Wanting information of anyone who knew Joe Marino who died on Jan22 1945 in Luzon ? He was in the army heavy gunner. He was 21 yrs old, killed by a shell hitting close to his bis gun he was getting ready.
  4. Anonymous says:
    21 Jan 2007 12:55:15 AM

    you seem to have beliitled the Battle ( Liberation ) of Manila where not only a thousand but over 10,000 civilians were killed as a result of the wanton use of artillery by US forces, not to mention the brabarity the defending Japanese forces did to the civilians in that city. most reports or articles of that battle focus only on military casualties but tend to ingore the civilian losses and its impact on the survivors. Good reading on this is THE BATTLE OF MANILA by John Pimlott ( at least, this Westerner tried to show that aspect) and BY SWORD AND FIRE by Alfonso Aluit. This gives a human face on the battle- and not purely statistics and military objectives.
  5. Matthew says:
    19 Mar 2007 04:44:14 AM

    My Father served in the 32d Division, 128th Regiment, (C)annon Co. - Villa Verder Trail, New Guinea, Driniumor River. He is now 81 years old and in good health.
  6. Anonymous says:
    2 Jun 2007 09:29:45 AM

    Anyone with Info about my Uncle John Ellis Asher served as a Staff Sergeant, 128th Infantry, 32nd Red Arrow Division during World War II. Killed in action on Luzon Island Aug. 15, 1945, the day the war ended.
  7. Kathryn Bailey says:
    2 Jul 2007 05:15:56 AM

    I am looking for information on the battles on Luzon during WWII. Anyone with information on my father Wylie Edmond King,who spent 165 days on Luzon,please let me know. Even though my father has passed away his heroism has not been forgotten by his family. He served in the Philipines and in Japan. I am hoping there is information andor pictures out there somewhere. Thanks
  8. Kathryn Bailey says:
    2 Jul 2007 05:19:42 AM

    Previously, I forgot to mention that my father was in the 25th Infantry Division throughout the Pacific campaign.
  9. Anonymous says:
    17 Oct 2007 08:14:59 AM

    My father, Harold K. Hinkelman served on an LCC, nicknamed the Little Sara. He sat in the Gulf of Leyte and watched the Japanese Imperial Navy approach. He was a Fireman 2nd Class. This little LCC is not mentioned anywhere, although the heroic actions displayed by an 18 year old from Connecticut, and his comrades, left in the Gulf of Leyte, is every bit as heroic as John Kennedy on his PT 109. My dad is 81 now, in the hospital waiting for more surgery. I am one of three sisters listening to war stories about his days in the Philippines. Does anyone out there have any information on this specific LCC?
  10. Anonymous says:
    31 Jan 2008 12:38:35 PM

    my father was also killed in action during the world war 2 and until now we haven't got any information about his days. His name is Rufino Abagat. Does anyone out there have any info.
  11. Tish says:
    19 Apr 2008 12:30:47 AM

    My Daddy was Robert E. Cox. He served in the Phillipines and New Guinea from 1943-1945.I believe he was with the Army air corps/312th AG engineering or the 583rd. If anyone has info. please contact me at ericismysoul@yahoo.com
  12. tim says:
    9 May 2008 09:00:23 PM

    The wanton destruction of Manila was clearly completely unnecessary and McArthur should be condemned for this - the Japanese were going to loose anyway. There was no need for it in my view.
    Surrounding and getting the **** to surrender would have been better
    What would Singapore be like now if the British had fought to the bitter end ?
  13. 14 year old war geek says:
    15 Nov 2008 01:57:12 PM

    Not much different... it was almost uninhabited when the **** attacked
    )
    Also it was not HE who gave the order it was simply poor judgement on the part of his junior officers
  14. Mary says:
    11 Mar 2009 05:31:11 PM

    To Kathryn Bailey: The 25th Inf Div was part of 6th Army and ICorps which landed on Luzon from Lingayen Gulf on 1-9-45. Check website for 6th Inf Division www.6thinfantry.com, and the National Archives. Also www.pacificwrecks.com. 6th Inf Division occupied Japan after the surrender in Sept. 1945.
  15. Anonymous says:
    8 Jun 2009 01:01:49 PM

    I think we should have by passed the phillipine islands and just isolate them. Many lives were lost because of mac arthur s libido to return.
  16. Anonymous says:
    18 Sep 2009 06:24:51 PM

    If we left manila alone the **** would still slaughter and rape the civilians as they have done in nanking.
  17. bignick36 says:
    12 Nov 2009 03:17:08 PM

    the Japanese were ordered to retreat from manila and not to make a stand. The order came from gen. yamashita and was disregarded by the local commander. That was the the cause of the so called wanton destruction of the city. Learn your history **** hole before insulting the great American army.
  18. Anonymous says:
    13 Feb 2010 01:23:01 PM

    Anonymous,
    Your Monday-Quarterbacking
  19. nathan francis says:
    14 Mar 2010 09:10:21 PM

    my grampa was in the phillipines with the 25th infantry was a forward observer received a purple heart after being wounded his name was richard francis he passed away last fall he was a great man as were all the men that served with him we miss him every day.
  20. Ric says:
    12 May 2010 01:49:33 PM

    My reading of the history is that McArthur expected the Japanese to vacate the city as he had done previously in order to save the city from destruction. Yamashita gave the order to abandon the city but the Navy, under Vice Admiral Okochi, re-occupied the city to defend it to the death. The Americans had no choice but destroy the city because, unlike the Germans who surrendered when confronted with defeat, the Japanese fought to the death.
  21. Tim says:
    2 Jun 2010 10:12:22 PM

    Looking for anyone who served with Eugene Busig. Have no clue what company or Unit he was with. All I have is a Bronze star he won in the Phillipines
  22. Anonymous says:
    12 Jul 2010 01:01:50 PM

    In October the 2nd Major Port was established in Manila. Looking for the unit insignia for the 2nd Major Port.
  23. Ken says:
    30 Jul 2010 01:48:16 PM

    My uncle, Tech5 Joseph Zakrajshek was KIA March 08, 1945. The best I've been able to figure out was that he was a member of the 8th Engineer Combat Squadron. If so, he was probably at Luzon when killed, but that's a guess. Any information anyone out there can give me would be greatly appreciated. He was married shortly before he was deployed and had no children. I'd like to be able to pass on some history of his actions to my mother (his sister) before everyone who knew him or knew of him passes on. Thanks in advance.
  24. apple says:
    7 Dec 2010 06:31:58 AM

    hi! is there a complete list of japanese soldiers who were designated in the philippines during WW2? my great grand father was one of them, i just need to see a list with his name included...thanks
  25. DAVID SHORE says:
    2 Jan 2011 01:17:09 PM

    My dad,Paul Shore,served with the 25th infantry in World War II during the retaking of the Phillipines. If anyone has any information on him and his combat service, please contact me. My father did not talk about the war and has since passed. I am interested in knowing what he went through during the war.
  26. michelle marino says:
    3 Jan 2011 01:29:28 AM

    Anonymous says:
    11 Nov 2006 04:31:00 PM

    Wanting information of anyone who knew Joe Marino who died on Jan22 1945 in Luzon ? He was in the army heavy gunner. He was 21 yrs old, killed by a shell hitting close to his bis gun he was getting ready.


    "The bomb did not go off in his knee he survived WWII Joesph Marino that was his first purple heart " I am his child he told me that story to I am so sorry you thought it went off they got it out and it was a dud

    MacArthur never returned as history stated.he was in Alaska.
  27. James A. Winsor says:
    21 Jan 2011 01:12:24 PM

    I have pictures beginning Jan. 11, 1945 of Lingayen Gulf landing, Philippines, The 25th infantry Division, 27th Regiment. They are credited with 165 days of continuous fighting.

    Is anyone interested?
  28. Anonymous says:
    26 Jan 2011 05:18:50 AM

    My father Syrester Soule was in 33rd, company B looking for any information on this unit, my dad never talked about the war.
  29. Trish Short Lewis says:
    19 Jun 2011 11:59:58 AM

    My father served with the U.S. Army, 127th Infantry, 32nd Division ("Red Arrow") in New Guinea, Philipines, and finally as part of the occupational forces on mainland Japan. Anyone reading this, feel free to contact me if you have information OR questions...
  30. Woody McGee says:
    21 Jun 2011 02:09:35 PM

    Looking for information regarding U.S. Army Pvt Harold Czernizkowski. Pvt Czerniakowski served in New Guinea and then again in Luzon. Wounded with malaria was returned to stateside October 1944. He was from Hamtramck Michigan.
  31. michelle marino daughter says:
    25 Oct 2011 06:58:36 PM

    what would you like to know? mmarino0@yahoo.com
  32. manuel sarrao says:
    7 Jan 2012 07:54:51 AM

    My father, Claudino Sarrao, served in the 32nd division in New Britian New Guinea,Luzon and the occupation of Japan.He was a combat engineer.Thats all I know. Any info would be great to know.
  33. Anonymous says:
    26 Jan 2012 05:54:28 PM

    i am trying to find out info about william b burns 210th antiaircraft artillery automatic weapons battalion ,his campaigns was in the southern philippines Luzon from june 14 1944 to December 27 1945
  34. Anonymous says:
    12 Feb 2012 10:05:20 AM

    I'am trying to find out information about pfc Don Rogalsky 210th antiaircraft artillery automatic weapons crewman (601).
  35. Jim says:
    8 May 2012 07:39:43 PM

    @James A. Winsor -- I am the historian for the 27th Infantry Regiment association. We are interesting in your photos of Lingayan Gulf.
  36. marilyn gerardo says:
    18 May 2012 06:55:44 AM

    I want to see the name of my father arsenio c. gerardo
  37. Anonymous says:
    31 May 2012 05:49:18 PM

    I am trying to locate information on the 210AAA automatic weapons battalion and specifically William J. Fincke. He joined the 210th in Feb., 1945.
  38. Jeanette says:
    2 Jun 2012 08:10:10 PM

    My grandfather helped clear the ships from Manila after WWII. He was a diver and would pump water out of the ships so they could float. I'm trying to find information on the internet but I do not know what keywords to us. Does anyone know about the clean up or dredging or clearing of the harbors after the war? I just don't know where to start. H.O. Taylor (Hanely) is my grandpa's name:)
  39. Anonymous says:
    28 Jun 2012 05:47:14 PM

    I'm looking to find out if my uncle William Arnold was the Boatswain that piped Douglas Macarther aboard ship
  40. Bill Leavitt says:
    13 Jul 2012 06:18:57 PM

    My dad was on Leyte and was awarded the Bronze Star with a combat V.His name was Roger Leon Leavitt and he served with the army as a machine gunner. That was all I know.He retired from the army in 1963 and died in September of 1992. Is there anyone out there who can give me information on how he received this award. My younger brother was awarded a Bronze Star, air medals and an Army Commendation Medal as a combat Huey cobra crew chief gunner in Viet-Nam. My dad and my brother never spoke of their combat service.@tm
  41. James says:
    23 Jun 2013 12:10:25 PM

    Does anyone have info on James Clark pfc ka in phillipines 1945 I was named after him
  42. Blue Republic says:
    31 Jul 2013 06:11:17 AM

    The article seems imbalanced in not dealing with the fighting in Northern Luzon that continued well after MacArthur's July 5th announcement that the Philippines had been liberated.

    General Yamashita conducted what was under the circumstances a brilliant defense and still had 50,000
    troops holding out in the Kiangan Pocket when he finally received orders to surrender on September 2 - nearly three months after MacArthur's announcement.(Note one of the
    early comments about a relative being killed in action on August 15th - not unlikely that that was in fighting against
    Yamashita's forces).

    Yamashita's Manila trial for war crimes in 1946 was the
    worst sort of kangaroo court victor's justice and MacArthur was instrumental in ensuring a guilty verdict no matter what. See Frank Reel's book "The Case of General Yamashita" (Reel was a member of Yamashita's legal team)
    or (former US Senator and Undersecretary of the Navy) James Webb's "The Emperor's General" for a thinly fictionalized account of that and related events.

    It's hard to stay within the strong language guidelines when talking about MacArthur's dishonorable conduct...

    FWIW - my father was a US Navy Pacific Theater veteran -
    but not in the Philippines
  43. Tommy Munoz says:
    26 Aug 2013 04:57:28 AM

    My father served in the phillippines 1943-45. He served with the 43rd Division, 127th infantry. First scout or point man during his service prior to contracting malaria. His name is John Munoz from Bryan Texas. Awarded combat infantry medal and bronze star. Anyone who has knowledge of him or his service please contact me, his son, Tommy Munoz. He is 88 years old now.
  44. david basch says:
    15 Nov 2013 04:33:04 AM

    do you have info on red arrow div. great uncle was in it. shot of telegraph pole, steel plate in head..survived..thanks for info.
  45. Scott Rogerson says:
    15 Dec 2013 11:13:11 PM

    My grandfather was a medic in the 25th infantry division. He was given a hand drawn book at a reunion. He also has fliers the Japanese left in almost perfect condition. Joseph Williams was his name. I am interested in any photographs and info anyone has
  46. Anonymous says:
    18 Jan 2014 10:52:43 AM

    Anyone know of a soldier by the name of Edmund J. Tomlinson? Served in New Guinea and General McAurther's headquarters in G-2 intel. He was in his 30's at the time.
  47. DanRam says:
    18 Feb 2014 11:57:33 PM

    Was there a japanese Col. or Gen who served in the philippines particularly assigned in Mindanao during WW2?
  48. DanRam says:
    19 Feb 2014 12:05:26 AM

    the name of the jap officer was TAKAHASHI BUTAI.Where was he particularly assigned during WW2?
  49. Anonymous says:
    16 May 2014 01:15:38 PM

    I have a picture of F Company 25th Infantry "Wolfhounds" if anyone is interested. My Grandpa was Robert Lee Stewart. James Jones used him as the character Prewitt in From Here to Eternity. Does anyone have pictures ect to share?
  50. Anonymous says:
    9 Jun 2014 07:55:46 AM

    Looking for any information about army sergeant John E Swank. He would never talk about the war, and has now passed away. He had a japanese sword marked from Luzon. Don't know division or post numbers. Looking for any information to help the family research his involvement.
  51. Forrest Scogin says:
    18 Jun 2014 09:57:21 AM

    "I have a picture of F Company 25th Infantry "Wolfhounds" if anyone is interested. My Grandpa was Robert Lee Stewart. James Jones used him as the character Prewitt in From Here to Eternity. Does anyone have pictures ect to share?"
    My father, Ray Scogin, was a part of the "Wolfhounds" and participated in Phillippines campaign. I would be interested in a photo.
  52. Mitch Lewis says:
    6 Jul 2014 10:14:50 PM

    Blue Republic. I agree with you. My Dad was in N. Luzon to the end of the war, then on to Japan. He always said the Japanese didn't all stop until Sept. 15. That's Sept. 15. You are the first individual I've read who seems to know this.
  53. Anonymous says:
    23 Jul 2014 10:55:51 AM

    Forrest Scogin - Let me know how I can send the picture to you. I do not see Ray Scogin listed on the roster. The picture was taken in 1940.
  54. Bill Burns says:
    17 Aug 2014 11:22:48 AM

    I am trying to find info about my father William B Burns 210th antiaircraft artillery automatic weapons battalion He was mia

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More on Philippines Campaign, Phase 2
Participants:
» Eichelberger, Robert
» Fukudome, Shigeru
» Inoguchi, Rikihei
» Kenney, George
» MacArthur, Douglas
» Muto, Akira
» Yamaguchi, Moriyoshi
» Yamashita, Tomoyuki

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» Taiwan

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Related Books:
» American Caesar: Douglas MacArthur 1880-1964
» Ghost Soldiers
» Kamikaze: Japanese Special Attack Weapons 1944-45
» The Great Raid
» World War II US Cavalry Units: Pacific Theater


Philippines Campaign, Phase 2 Photo Gallery
Crew of USS Nashville inspecting the damage caused by a special attack aircraft, Dec 1944
See all 27 photographs of Philippines Campaign, Phase 2



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