Bombing of France and the Low Countries

1 Jul 1940 - 7 May 1945

Contributor:

This article has been removed for review and updates, please check back again soon!

Bombing of France and the Low Countries Interactive Map

Bombing of France and the Low Countries Timeline

1 Jun 1940 French industrial targets in the Rhône Valley were bombed by the German Luftwaffe.
3 Jun 1940 Luftwaffe bombed Paris, France, killing 254 civilians.
11 Jun 1940 Luftwaffe bombers attacked Paris, France.
21 Jul 1940 British Blenheim bombers of No. 107 Squadron RAF attacked Caen, Morlaix, and Querqueville in France.
22 Jul 1940 Blenheim bombers of No. 107 Squadron of 2 Group of British RAF Bomber Command attacked Creil, France, starting a large fire.
1 Aug 1940 In the morning, a British Spitfire fighter on a photo reconnaissance mission found a build-up of German aircraft on the Cotentin Peninsula in France. At 1540 hours, 13 British bombers escorted by 10 fighters attacked, causing some damage but in turn losing 1 bomber and 2 fighters.
30 Aug 1940 British RAF Bomber Command aircraft attacked oil refineries near Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
28 Aug 1941 18 British Bleinheim bombers attacked German targets at Rotterdam, the Netherlands; 7 bombers were shot down.
2 Sep 1941 RAF bombers began daylight bombing of targets in northern France.
24 Mar 1942 18 RAF Boston light bombers attacked targets in northern France, targeting power stations, rail marshaling yards, and other targets of military importance.
2 Apr 1942 40 British Wellington and 10 Stirling bombers attacked the Ford factory at Poissy, France.
14 Apr 1942 12 British DB-7 Boston bombers damaged the Mondeville power station in Calvados, France during a daylight raid.
24 Apr 1942 12 British RAF DB-7 Boston bombers attacked Vlissingen, the Netherlands, damaging docks without any losses.
29 Apr 1942 88 British bombers (73 Wellington, 9 Hampden, 6 Stirling) attacked the Gnome et Rhône aircraft engine factory near Paris, France; one building was destroyed and three buildings damaged at the cost of 3 bombers destroyed.
30 Apr 1942 24 British DB-7 Boston bombers attacked Flushing in the Netherlands and Abbeville, Morlaix, and Le Havre in France. All aircraft returned safely.
29 May 1942 77 British aircraft (31 Wellington, 20 Halifax, 14 Lancaster, 9 Stirling, 3 Hampden) attacked the Gnome et Rhône aircraft engine factory at Gennevilliers northwest of Paris, France, causing little damage; 34 French civilians were killed, 167 were injured; 5 bombers were lost in this mission.
4 Jul 1942 The USAAF launched its first Britain-based mission when US A-20 bombers flew with British RAF A-20 bombers against German airfields in the Netherlands.
17 Jul 1942 B-17 bombers of the USAAF VIII Bomber Command planned attacks on Hannover and Hamburg, Germany, but both missions were recalled after launch due to poor weather. 33 of the bombers attacked targets of opportunity after receiving the recall order; 21 of them attempted to attack the Fokker factory at Amsterdam, the Netherlands but accidentally dropped bombs on civilian quarters, killing 150. On the same day, B-26 bombers of US VIII Air Support Command attacked Cayeux, France as a diversion to draw German fighters away from the primary targets in Germany.
17 Aug 1942 The US Eighth Air Force launched its first "All-American" air raid over Europe with 12 B-17E Flying Fortress bombers escorted by four squadrons of Spitfire fighters attacking rail marshalling yards at Sotteville-lès-Rouen, France. Interruption by German fighters caused the damage to be minimal.
6 Sep 1942 B-17E bombers of US Eighth Air Force attacked an aircraft factory near Méaulte, France, without fighter escort because the fighters had failed to make the rendezvous. The raid caused no damage on the French aircraft production ; two US bombers were shot down.
15 Sep 1942 12 British Boston bombers attacked Cherbourg, France, sinking whaling factory ship Solglint in the harbor.
17 Oct 1942 94 British Lancaster bombers attacked the Schneider armament factory at Le Creusot in central France in daylight; 1 bomber was lost on this mission.
3 Jan 1943 USAAF heavy bombers attacked the docks and U-Boat pens at Saint-Nazaire, France, starting several fires.
16 Feb 1943 USAAF heavy bombers attacked the German U-Boat pens at Saint-Nazaire, France.
8 Mar 1943 US bombers escorted by RAF Spitfires attacked the U-Boat supply centre of Rennes and Rouen in France. The accompanying Spitfire fighters claimed the destruction of 25 enemy fighters.
30 Mar 1943 RAF bombed the Philips factory in Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
14 May 1943 The Martin B-26 Marauder made its operational debut in northern Europe with a partially successful attack by US 322nd Bomb Group on the Velsen power station at Ijmuiden in the Netherlands.
14 Jul 1943 USAAF Eighth Bomber Command attacked three targets in France, with 111 B-17 bombers and 5 YB-40 bombers launched against aircraft factories at Villacoublay (3 B-17 bombers lost), 64 B-17 bombers launched against Glisy Airfield at Amiens (1 B-17 bomber lost), and 84 B-17 bombers launched against LeBourget Airfield at Paris (4 B-17 bombers lost).
5 Nov 1943 SOE agents and resistance fighters sabotaged the Peugeot motor works at Sochaux (near Belfort and the Swiss border) which had been classified by the British Ministry of Economic Warfare as the third most important industrial target in France.
4 Jan 1944 80 British RAF aircraft attacked two German flying bomb sites in France.
14 Jan 1944 82 RAF aircraft attacked German flying bomb sites at Ailly, Bonneton, and Bristillerie in France.
11 Apr 1944 The Gestapo HQ in The Hague, Netherlands was attacked by RAF Mosquito aircraft.
18 Apr 1944 RAF Bomber Command's No. 5 Group attacked Rouen, Juvisy-sur-Orge, Noisy-le-Sec, and Tergnier, killing a total of 1,383 French civilians. The strategically important rail marshalling yards at Juvisy-sur-Orge was virtually destroyed.
18 Jun 1944 British No. 617 Squadron attacked the 20-foot thick concrete dome containing V-2 rockets at Wizernes, France without success. They would return to this target on multiple occasions in the following month.
24 Jun 1944 British No. 617 Squadron attacked the 20-foot thick concrete dome containing V-2 rockets at Wizernes, France with "Tallboy" bombs.
25 Jun 1944 British No. 617 Squadron attacked the German V-2 store at Siracourt, France with 17 Lancaster, two Mosquito, and a Mustang (a gift from the USAAF) aircraft; the Mustang fighter was flown by Leonard Cheshire and used as a low-level marker aircraft.
6 Jul 1944 Wing Commamner Leonard Cheshire led a "Tallboy" attack on the V-3 gun structure at Mimoyecque. After this mission, the last of his fourth tour, he was ordered to rest (he never flew operations again) and two months later he was awarded the Victoria Cross.
18 Jul 1944 An attack of the marshalling yards near the French town of Revigny by 107 Lancaster bombers of No. 5 Group, RAF Bomber Command met with disaster when the bombers were intercepted by Luftwaffe fighters as the bombers approached their target East of Paris. Twenty-four of the attackers were shot down including five from No. 619 Squadron. Only two men from the squadron's losses survived - the bomb-aimer from Flying Officer Begernie's crew and the rear gunner from Flying Officer Morcan's crew.
20 Jul 1944 Canadian frigate HMCS Matane was damaged by a glider bomb off Brest, France, killing 2.
22 Feb 1945 Nijmegen, the Netherlands was heavily bombed by American planes, causing great damage to the city center.
3 Mar 1945 57 Mitchell and Boston bombers of the RAF Second Tactical Air Force were sent to bomb a suspected rocket launching site in a wooded park in the Hague in the Netherlands. Some of the 69 tons of bombs meant for the site missed by as much as 500 yards, hitting the Bezuidenhout district. 500 civilians were killed and 2,000 were injured, while several thousands were made homeless. The German occupation refused to help the survivors, delaring that the "Dutch have to learn what it is like", referring to the Allied bombing of German cities of Hamburg, Dresden, and others.

Photographs

View of Rotterdam, the Netherlands during an aerial attack, 16 Jul 1941, seen from the dorsal turret of a Blenheim bomberB-26 Marauder departing from a bomb strike on Auderville, France, Jun-Jul, 1944




Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook  Reddit
 Twitter  Digg
 Google+  Delicious
 StumbleUpon  


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds



Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Jacob van Oosterom says:
14 Mar 2017 12:32:23 PM

The list is far from complete. It does not include the Allied bombings of so-called targets of opportunity throughout Netherlands. I vividly recall --at age 3 or 4-- seeing a Lancaster not more than 100 meters overhead as it completed its bombing run on the railway marshaling yard in our town (Alphen). Now that is something you will never forget. Etched forever in my memory banks.

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code
 

 

Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on Bombing of France and the Low Countries
Locations:
» Belgium
» France
» Luxembourg
» Netherlands

Bombing of France and the Low Countries Photo Gallery
View of Rotterdam, the Netherlands during an aerial attack, 16 Jul 1941, seen from the dorsal turret of a Blenheim bomber
See all 2 photographs of Bombing of France and the Low Countries




Famous WW2 Quote
"All right, they're on our left, they're on our right, they're in front of us, they're behind us... they can't get away this time."

Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal