|Ship Class||Nevada-class Battleship|
|Builder||Fore River Shipbuilding Company, Quincy, MA|
|Laid Down||4 Apr 1912|
|Launched||11 Jul 1914|
|Commissioned||11 Mar 1916|
|Decommissioned||29 Aug 1946|
|Displacement||27500 tons standard|
|Armament||10x14-in, 21x5-in, 4x21-in torpedo tubes|
Contributor: C. Peter Chen
Nevada was the lead ship of her class. She was commissioned before WW1, in which war she saw action near Britain as an American ship of the British Grand Fleet. During the inter-war years, she saw a flurry of activity which included serving in both oceans that flanked each side of the United States, a cruise to Brazil in 1922, and cruise to Australia and New Zealand in 1925. The cruise of Australia and New Zealand caught the attention of the Japanese, making note that the battleship of the United States could sail the span of the Pacific.
Nevada was extensively overhauled in 1927-30 at Norfolk, Virginia, United States, exchanging her masts for tripods, receiving a new superstructure, relocating her five-inch secondary battery, installing new anti-aircraft guns, among others.
During the Pearl Harbor attack on 7 Dec 1941, she was moored off Ford Island. She was the only battleship that was able to get underway, therefore attracting attention of the Japanese pilots. She was hit by one torpedo and two or three bombs and was left in a sinking condition. She was beached to prevent sinking at the harbor opening which would render the harbor useless for an extended amount of time. By the end of the attack, she suffered 159 casualties (50 killed) and heavy damage, but she was refloated on 12 Feb 1942 after only two months. She received temporary repairs at Pearl Harbor and sailed to Puget Sound Navy Yard for further repairs in Apr 1942. She spent the rest of the year receiving permanent repairs and improvements, including a greatly enhanced anti-aircraft gun battery.
Nevada returned to combat during the Attu landings in May 1943 against the Japanese. In Jun 1944 she fired against German defenses during the Normandy landings, then again in similar roles in Aug and Sep 1944 during the invasion of Southern France. After relining her gun barrels at New York, she returned to the Pacific and supported the operations in Iwo Jima and Okinawa in 1945. At Okinawa, she was struck by a suicide Kamikaze aircraft and lost 11 men, but she continued to supply critical naval gun support for the ground troops.
After WW2, the obsolete battleship was assigned to serve as a target during the Jul 1946 atomic bomb tests at Bikini Island of the Marshall Islands. She survived the blast, but she was poisoned with radiation. She was decommissioned in Aug 1946 and sunk by gunfire and torpedoes on 31 Jul 1948.
Sources: Naval Historical Center, Wikipedia.
USS Nevada Operational Timeline
|11 Mar 1916||Nevada was commissioned into service.|
|6 Dec 1941||Battleships USS Nevada arrived at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Islands.|
|29 Aug 1946||Nevada was decommissioned from service.|
|31 Jul 1948||The battleship USS Nevada, having survived both sinking at Pearl Harbor and the Bikini Atoll atom bomb test, was finally destroyed as a target off US Territory of Hawaii.|
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Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943