Augusta file photo [1151]

USS Augusta

CountryUnited States
Ship ClassNorthampton-class Heavy Cruiser
Hull NumberCA-31
BuilderNewport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company
Laid Down2 Jul 1928
Launched1 Feb 1930
Commissioned30 Jan 1931
Decommissioned16 Jul 1946
Displacement9050 tons standard
Length600 feet
Beam66 feet
Draft16 feet
Speed32 knots
Crew735
Armament9x203mm, 8x127mm, 8x7.62mm anti-aircraft, 6x533mm torpedo tubes

Contributor:

ww2dbaseImmediately after USS Augusta's shakedown and training cruiser, she was assigned as Vice Admiral Arthur Willard's flagship for the Scouting Force. She was re-classified a heavy cruiser in Aug 1931. She performed exercises and fleet problems at various locations in US waters until 20 Oct 1933 when she sailed for China. Arriving at Shanghai, China on 9 Nov 1933, she became the flagship of the Asiatic Fleet. In this role, she made extensive visits to such places as Manila, Yokohama, Kobe, Tsingtao, Hong Kong, Batavia, Bali, Guam, Canberra, Melbourne, and Perth, among others, for the next several years.

ww2dbaseDuring the Second Battle of Shanghai in Aug 1937, Augusta was moored in Shanghai to observe Japanese maneuvers while her Marine detachment disembarked to guard Shanghai's neutral international zone. While there, she was mistakenly bombed (though the bombs missed) by Chinese aircraft; large American flags were painted atop the three main batteries to prevent similar mistakes. Nevertheless, she still received casualties when Chinese anti-aircraft shells came down on her on 20 Aug, though she remained in Shanghai to provide intelligence on Japanese troops. She finally left on 6 Jan 1938 after the Dec 1937 incident of the Japanese air attack on American gunboat Panay near Nanjing (Nanking). She did, however, made several more trips along the Chinese coast, and made several port calls at Shanghai.

ww2dbaseAfter refitting at Mare Island Navy Yard in California, United States spanning from Dec 1940 to Apr 1941, Augusta was transferred to the Atlantic Fleet as Admiral Ernest King's flagship. In Jun 1941, she was chosen as President Franklin Roosevelt's flagship for the Aug 1941 meeting with Winston Churchill in Argentia, Newfoundland, Canada; Roosevelt and Churchill discussed and finalized the Atlantic Charter aboard Augusta. Roosevelt left the ship on 14 Aug after transferring his flag aboard another ship for his return trip.

ww2dbaseAfter the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Rear Admiral Royal Ingersoll took over the command of the Atlantic Fleet and had his flag aboard Augusta until 12 Jan 1942. She patrolled the waters off of the east coast of the United States, in the Caribbean Sea, and off western Africa. On 23 Oct 1942, Rear Admiral H. Kent Hewitt broke his flag aboard her, making her the flagship of Task Force 34; at this time, General George Patton was among the high ranking officers aboard the heavy cruiser in preparation for the Operation Torch landings in North Africa in the following month. During the landing operations, Augusta escorted the landing transports while at the same time provided the firepower needed to counter French naval and coastal batteries off Casablanca. During an engagement with stationary French battleship Jean Bart, she was straddled by shells, but was not damaged. After the successful landings of Operation Torch, she returned to the Atlantic on convoy duties, including spending some time under British Royal Navy control.

ww2dbaseOn 25 Apr 1944, King George VI of Britain had lunch with Rear Admiral Alan Kirk aboard Augusta.

ww2dbaseIn Jun 1944, Augusta participated in the Normandy campaign as Lieutenant General Omar Bradley's transport. On 6 Jun, she fired 51 rounds from her main battery upon shore targets starting at 0618. On 10 Jun, Bradley disembarked to establish his command on land. On 1 Jul, she sailed for the Mediterranean Sea with Task Group 120.6, making port calls at Mers el Kebir, Palermo, Naples, and Corsica. In Aug 1944, she participated in Operation Dragoon on the coast of Southern France. On 15 Aug, she fired 15 rounds at Port Cros Island, 63 more on the next day, and 138 the day after; the German-French fort on the island surrendered on the last day of Allied naval bombardment. She remained in the area for naval gunfire support for the remainder of the Dragoon operation; by the time Dragoon was drew to a close, she had fired over 700 rounds of 203mm shells.

ww2dbaseIn Sep 1944, Augusta returned to the United States to undergo overhaul and repairs in Philadelphia. In Nov 1944, she suffered a mysterious explosion that killed three shipyard workers and four navy men. She sailed from the shipyard on 26 Jan 1945 for Puerto Rico, and on 21 Feb made a return trip as one of the escorting ships of cruiser Quincy which carried President Roosevelt back from the Yalta Conference. She remained at various locations on the east coast of the United States until the end of the European War. On 7 Jul 1945, she transported President Harry Truman, Secretary of State James Byrnes, and Admiral William Leahy to Antwerp, Belgium for the Potsdam Conference. After the end of the Pacific War, she was modified for Operation Magic Carpet to bring troops home from Europe. She was decommissioned in mid-1946 and sold for scrap on 9 Nov 1959 to Robert Benjamin of Panama City, Florida, United States.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia.

Heavy Cruiser USS Augusta (CA-31) Interactive Map

USS Augusta Operational Timeline

30 Jan 1931 Augusta was commissioned into service.
25 Jul 1937 Destroyer Squadron 29 of US Asiatic Fleet departed Yantai, Shandong Province, China and made rendezvous with USS Augusta at sea.
28 Jul 1937 USS Augusta and Destroyer Squadron 29 of US Asiatic Fleet arrived at Vladivostok, Russia.
1 Aug 1937 Destroyer Squadron 29 of US Asiatic Fleet departed Vladivostok, Russia for Yantai, Shandong Province, China while USS Augusta departed the same port for Qingdao, Shandong Province, China.
12 Aug 1937 USS Augusta delivered 50 Marines and 57 Navy personnel to reinforce the US 4th Marine Regiment stationed at Shanghai, China.
13 Aug 1937 USS Augusta departed Qingdao, Shandong Province, China with Admiral Harry Yarnell of US Asiatic Fleet aboard.
16 Jul 1946 Augusta was decommissioned from service.

Photographs

Augusta off Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii, 21 Jul 1933Crew of USS Augusta, Shanghai, China, 6 Apr 1935; note Chester Nimitz front row just left of the life preserver and Lewis Puller in front row, third from rightAugusta in Dewey Drydock, Olongapo Naval Station, Philippines, 29 Jan 1936USS Augusta off Pudong Point, Shanghai, China, during Second Battle of Shanghai, Aug 1937
See all 36 photographs of Heavy Cruiser USS Augusta (CA-31)



Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook  Reddit
 Twitter  Digg
 Google+  Delicious
 StumbleUpon  


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds



Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Phonse Griffiths says:
3 Oct 2015 01:22:58 PM

I am seeking photo of inside of USS Augusta,I am looking for photo of the conference table the atlantic charter was drafted on,would appreciate any help you can assist.We have the conference table in our museum and am looking for photo of it on the USS Augusta.Would also would like to give you permission to pass this along to all navy associations,thankyou.
2. Nicole Walsh says:
19 Oct 2015 02:30:18 PM

Wonderful idea Phonse for you to reach out and help behind the scenes. I would also like to be copied on any photos you have available as we would be interested in displaying them at our museum as well as on our website promoting the Atlantic Charter meeting.
3. peter chadwick says:
1 Apr 2016 03:19:56 PM

Came across a book called 'Atlantic Meeting' written by H.V. Morton [1943]. There are two deck images of President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill aboard the Agusta. Some interesting images of Capt. Elliott Roosevelt aboard the Agusta as well. I don't know how well these images have been distributed in the US over the past years?
4. Anonymous says:
1 Jul 2016 06:43:11 PM

I have just recently discovered a library book from aboard the USS Augusta. The last date I can find in it puts it on the ship in 1944. I searched the ship and came to this page first. Any suggestions as to what I should do with this book would be much appreciated! Thank you
5. Russ Gordon says:
11 Nov 2016 08:27:33 PM

My father, Joseph Goldstein was a Chief Petty Officer on that ship during WW2
6. Russ says:
11 Nov 2016 08:37:09 PM

If you come across photos that need retouching, I would be most happy to help out. I can take care of that and hopefully restore to the best quality possible
7. Anthony Stover says:
20 Jan 2017 05:37:51 PM

Hello, I am trying to find a crew manifest... I was told my grandfather served on this ship.. where doI start?
8. Commenter identity confirmed David Stubblebine says:
21 Jan 2017 12:16:22 PM

To Anthony Stover (above):
To find out more about your grandfather’s Navy service, the best starting point is to see his service record. You can request a copy from the National Archives. See: https://www.archives.gov/veterans/military-service-records.
Additionally, Fold3.com has very complete Muster Rolls for WWII ships but this is a subscription site that will cost you money to access. I know of no free source to see these records except to visit the National Archives in person (St Louis, MO for Navy service records and College Park, MD for most other Navy records).

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code
 

 

Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on USS Augusta
Event(s) Participated:
» Second Battle of Shanghai
» Atlantic Charter Conference
» Operation Torch
» Normandy Campaign, Phase 1
» Invasion of Southern France

Heavy Cruiser USS Augusta (CA-31) Photo Gallery
Augusta off Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii, 21 Jul 1933
See all 36 photographs of Heavy Cruiser USS Augusta (CA-31)




Famous WW2 Quote
"Among the men who fought on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945