USS Harder file photo [20583]

USS Harder

CountryUnited States
Ship ClassGato-class Submarine
Hull NumberSS-257
BuilderElectric Boat Company
Laid Down1 Dec 1941
Launched19 Aug 1942
Commissioned2 Dec 1942
Sunk24 Aug 1944
Displacement1549 tons standard; 2463 tons submerged
Length312 feet
Beam27 feet
Draft17 feet
MachineryFour Hooven-Owens-Rentschler diesel engines (5,400shp), four Allis-Chalmers electric motors (2,740shp), two 126-cell Sargo batteries, two propellers
Bunkerage97,140gal fuel oil
Speed21 knots
Range11,000nm at 10 knots surfaced, 48 hours at 2 knots submerged
Crew60
Armament6x533mm forward torpedo tubes, 4x533mm aft torpedo tubes, 24 torpedoes, 1x76mm 50cal gun, 2x .50cal machine guns, 2x .30cal machine guns
Submerged Speed9 knots

Contributor:

ww2dbaseCommissioned in Dec 1942, Commander Samuel Dealey took USS Harder out of Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for the submarine's first war patrol in Jun 1943. All six of her war patrols would be deemed successful, and Commander Dealey would be known for his aggressiveness in seeking out Japanese shipping, sinking several Japanese destroyers (including Minazuki, Hayanami, Tanikaze, and others) in addition to a number of merchant ships. Her most successful war patrol was her fifth, during which she sank or heavily damaged four destroyers. On 24 Aug 1944, while attacking two Japanese destroyers off Dasol Bay, Luzon, Philippine Islands together with wolfpack mate USS Hake, Harder was depth charged and sunk by coastal defense ships CD-22 and PB-102, the latter of which was the former USS Stewart captured by the Japanese at Surabaya, Java, Dutch East Indies in 1942.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Submarine USS Harder (SS-257) Interactive Map

USS Harder Operational Timeline

1 Dec 1941 The keel of submarine Harder was laid down by the Electric Boat Company at Groton, Connecticut, United States.
19 Aug 1942 Submarine Harder was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by Miss Helen M. Shaforth.
2 Dec 1942 USS Harder was commissioned into service with Commander Samuel Dealey in command.
7 Jun 1943 USS Harder departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol.
22 Jun 1943 USS Harder attacked a Japanese convoy off Japan, damaging seaplane transport Sagara Maru with 3 of 4 torpedoes.
23 Jun 1943 USS Harder attacked a Japanese transport south of Japan, hitting her with 1 of 4 torpedoes.
24 Jun 1943 USS Harder damaged a Japanese transport off Japan, hitting her with 1 of 7 torpedoes.
25 Jun 1943 USS Harder sank a Japanese transport and damaged another off Japan, hitting each with 1 torpedo, expending 7 torpedoes in this attack.
29 Jun 1943 USS Harder sank a Japanese transport and damaged an oiler off Japan, hitting them with 2 of 2 torpedoes.
7 Jul 1943 USS Harder arrived at Midway Atoll, ending her first war patrol.
24 Aug 1943 USS Harder departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her second war patrol.
9 Sep 1943 USS Harder sank cargo ship Koyo Maru off Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes.
11 Sep 1943 USS Harder attacked a Japanese convoy south of Japan, sinking cargo ship Yoko Maru, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes.
13 Sep 1943 USS Harder attacked a Japanese convoy off Japan (both torpedoes missed) and was detected by Japanese aircraft, which led to a two-hour depth charge attack.
15 Sep 1943 USS Harder attacked a Japanese patrol craft in the Izu Islands, Japan; both torpedoes missed.
19 Sep 1943 USS Harder sank cargo ship Kachisan Maru off Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes.
22 Sep 1943 USS Harder attacked a Japanese oiler off Japan; all 3 torpedoes missed.
23 Sep 1943 USS Harder sank freighter Kowa Maru and tanker Daishin Maru off Nagoya Bay, Japan, hitting each with one torpedo; six torpedoes were expended in this attack.
28 Sep 1943 USS Harder attacked a Japanese transport off Japan; both torpedoes missed. Later in the day, she set sail for the Hawaiian Islands.
29 Sep 1943 USS Harder damaged a Japanese armed trawler off Japan with her deck gun.
4 Oct 1943 USS Harder arrived at Midway Atoll.
8 Oct 1943 USS Harder arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her second war patrol.
30 Oct 1943 USS Harder departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her third war patrol, this time as a member of a wolfpack.
12 Nov 1943 USS Harder sank damaged a Japanese armed trawler (hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes) and then sank it with gunfire in the Pacific Ocean.
19 Nov 1943 USS Harder detected a convoy of three Japanese transports in the Pacific Ocean and called in two wolfpack mates via radio. She would sink transport Udo Maru, sink transport Hokko Maru, and damage transport Nikko Maru (which would only sink on the next day from rough seas); of the 17 torpedoes fired, 9 scored hits.
30 Nov 1943 USS Harder arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her third war patrol.
12 Dec 1943 USS Harder arrived at Mare Island Navy Yard in Vallejo, California, United States for a scheduled overhaul.
19 Feb 1944 USS Harder completed its scheduled overhaul at Mare Island Navy Yard in Vallejo, California, United States.
27 Feb 1944 USS Harder arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii.
16 Mar 1944 USS Harder departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her fourth war patrol.
1 Apr 1944 The crew of USS Harder rescued a downed aviator on a small island west of Woleai, Caroline Islands.
13 Apr 1944 USS Harder was spotted by a Japanese aircraft north of the western Caroline Islands, and destroyer Ikazuchi sortied to attack. Harder sank Ikazuchi in return, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes.
17 Apr 1944 USS Harder sank Matsue Maru and damaged an armed escort, firing four torpedoes and scoring one hit on each ship.
20 Apr 1944 USS Harder bombarded Woleai, Caroline Islands under the cover of a rain squall.
3 May 1944 USS Harder arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her fourth war patrol.
26 May 1944 USS Harder departed Fremantle, Australia for her fifth war patrol.
6 Jun 1944 USS Harder attempted to attack a Japanese convoy in the Sibutu Passage between Tawi-Tawi of Philippine Islands and Borneo, but was in turn targeted by two destroyers. Submerging and sailing away from the convoy, Harder fired three torpedoes out of her stern torpedo tubes, hitting destroyer Minazuki twice, sinking her. She fired another spread of torpedoes at the second destroyer shortly after; all six torpedoes missed.
7 Jun 1944 USS Harder was detected by a Japanese aircraft in the Celebes Sea, which called in destroyer Hayanami to attack. Harder fired three torpedoes at Hayanami, two of which hit, sinking her.
8 Jun 1944 USS Harder boarded six British coast watcher on the coast of North Borneo.
9 Jun 1944 USS Harder attacked two Japanese destroyers between Tawi-Tawi and Jolo in the Philippine islands with 4 torpedoes, sinking Tanikaze with 2 hits and sinking another with 1 hit; 4 torpedoes were expended in this attack.
10 Jun 1944 USS Harder detected a Japanese fleet in the Celebes Sea consisted of three battleships, four cruisers, and a number of destroyers, but was in turn spotted by a Japanese aircraft. As destroyers approached her position, she moved forward and fired three torpedoes before diving, hitting one destroyer with 2 hits. She survived a two-hour depth charge attack.
11 Jun 1944 While USS Harder reconnoitered the Tawi-Tawi anchorage in southern Philippine Islands, she detected Japanese cruisers and destroyers. She did not attack; instead, she sailed out to open sea to report the finding.
21 Jun 1944 USS Harder arrived at Darwin, Australia and took on additional torpedoes.
3 Jul 1944 USS Harder arrived at Darwin, Australia, ending her fifth war patrol.
5 Aug 1944 USS Harder departed Fremantle, Australia for her sixth war patrol.
21 Aug 1944 USS Harder assisted her wolfpack in the attack of a Japanese convoy off Palawan Bay, Mindoro, Philippine Islands.
22 Aug 1944 USS Harder assisted in the sinking of Japanese frigates Matsuwa and Hiburi off Bataan, Luzon, Philippine Islands.
24 Aug 1944 Submarines USS Harder and USS Hake attacked two Japanese destroyers off Dasol Bay, Luzon, Philippine Islands, but was in turn subjected to a heavy depth charge attack. USS Harder was sunk with all hands lost.

Photographs

Electric Boat workers preparing submarine Harder for launching, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 19 Aug 1942A sailor in his bunk aboard USS Harder, date unknownClose-up of USS HarderCrew of USS Harder, date unknown
See all 17 photographs of Submarine USS Harder (SS-257)



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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. richard turner says:
18 Sep 2014 10:51:07 PM

oes anyone know the depth of the ocean where the U. S. submarine Harder sank off the Phillipines on August 24, 1944?
2. Commenter identity confirmed David Stubblebine says:
19 Sep 2014 08:48:23 PM

The precise resting place of USS Harder is not known. Post-war estimates based on debriefings place the approximate location at 15.833333N, 119.166667E. This location is nearly right on top of the Manila Trench which in this area is about 14,000 feet deep (4,267m). One submarine website estimates Harderís resting place at 15.837281N, 119.780852E which is right in the mouth of Dasol Bay and about 80 feet deep (24m).

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Submarine USS Harder (SS-257) Photo Gallery
Electric Boat workers preparing submarine Harder for launching, Groton, Connecticut, United States, 19 Aug 1942
See all 17 photographs of Submarine USS Harder (SS-257)




Famous WW2 Quote
"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944