20 Jan 1945
  • Light carrier Hosho conducted a torpedo attack training with Air Group 453 and submarine HA-106. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Captain Chojuro Takahashi was named the commanding officer of light carrier Ryuho. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Destroyer Yuzuki was struck from the Japanese navy list. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Martin Bormann ordered Arthur Greiser to flee Reichsgau Wartheland. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The French First Army under General de Lattre attacked the Colmar Pocket in Alsace, France. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Colonel General Ferdinand Schörner replaced Colonel General Josef Harpe as the head of German Army Group A in eastern Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Nikolaus von Falkenhorst was awarded the German Cross in Silver. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chinese troops captured Wanting, Yunnan Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied aircraft attacked Japanese positions at Monywa, Burma while the Indian 20th Division assaulted the port city on the Chindwin River. Meanwhile, Japanese forces in Burma began a coordinated counteroffensive against the latest Anglo-Indian advances. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Barb pursued a Japanese convoy in the Taiwan Strait, but the convoy was able to enter the southern entrance of the Haitan Strait before the submarine could attack. Commander Eugene Fluckey suspected that the Japanese had dredged the previously shallow northern end of the strait for warships to move through, and asked Sino-American Special Technical Cooperative Organization (SACO), which had a wide coastwatcher network in China, for information. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • An armistice between the Hungarian Provisional National Government and the Soviet Union insisted that Hungary should declare war on Germany and pay $300,000,000 in reparations. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Nachi was struck from the Japanese Navy list. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Warrant Flying Officer Suzuki and Warrant Flying Officer Sasaki conducted a navigation training flight aboard a E16A Zuiun seaplane at Kure, Japan; the aircraft crashed behind a hangar during landing, killing both, making them the first casualties of Japanese Navy 631 Naval Air Group. Sasaki was supposed to be married that evening. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US troops captured Diekirch, Luxembourg. Upon capture, the Americans found 12 to 15 dead civilians, executed by retreating German troops of 208th Volksgrenadier Regiment. After the Americans secured the city, the locals began rounding up collaborators, most of whom were jailed for future trials while a small number were executed by vigilantes. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) and Task Force 38 exited the South China Sea via Balintang Channel. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | DS]
  • USS Ticonderoga and other ships of Task Group 38 exited South China Sea via Balintang Channel. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | DS]
  • USS Finback departed for her twelfth and final war patrol in the East China Sea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Spot sank a Japanese cargo ship in the Yellow Sea with her deck gun after missing her with 5 torpedoes. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Miami transited the Balintang Channel between Taiwan and the Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
  • Soviet troops arrived at the Chelmno Concentration Camp in occupied Poland. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Three German V-2 rocket hit London, England, United Kingdom. The first hit Potters Bar at 1100 hours, killing 21. The second hit Calton Road in East Barnet at 1315 hours, killing 12. The third hit Tottenham at 2000 hours, killing 23. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jan 1945
Four Beaufort bombers of No. 100 Squadron RAAF in flight near Wewak, New Guinea, 20 Jan 1945B-17 Flying Fortress bomber having crash landed on a snowy field, Europe, 20 Jan 1945President Franklin Roosevelt during his inauguration ceremony on the west portico of the White House, Washington DC, United States, 20 Jan 1945. Note Harry Truman seated on the dias.

20 Jan 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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USS Sterlet, circa 1944-1945

Famous WW2 Quote
"Goddam it, you'll never get the Purple Heart hiding in a foxhole! Follow me!"

Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943