24 Mar 1944
  • In the Fosse Ardeantine caves outside of Rome, 355 Italians, 250 of them civilians, were shot by the SS under StandartenfĂĽhrer Herbert Kappler in reprisal for the killing of 35 Germans during a SS parade on the previous day by the members of the Italian resistance. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Soviet tanks crossed the Dneiper River near the Czech border. ww2dbase [TH]
  • British miners signed a 4-year contract for their wages. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Great Escape: A large escape of prisoners of war from Stalag Luft III in Sagan, Germany (now Zagan, Poland) was attempted; 76 would succeed. 50 prisoners who had failed would be executed for their involvement. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Japanese troops mounted an unsuccessful suicide charge on Bougainville. ww2dbase [Solomon Islands Campaign | CPC]
  • The 15 American commandos who landed on the Italian coast aiming to sabotage the La Spezia-Genoa railway were captured. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The 3rd Battalion of the Japanese 58th Regiment arrived in the Sangshak, India region as reinforcements. ww2dbase [Battle of Imphal-Kohima | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • The headquarters of USAAF 475th Fighter Group was transferred out of Dobodura Airfield, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Dobodura Airfield | Dobodura | CPC]
  • Troops of US 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional) fought off a Japanese attack near the Mogaung River in Burma, advanced, and reached the village of Ngagahtawng. In the same area, Lieutenant Colonel Charles Beach of 3rd Battalion of US 5307th Composite Unit (Provisional) ordered the intelligence and reconnaissance platoon, led by Lieutenant Logan Weston to set up roadblock at Poakum, 7 miles north of Kamaing. He also ordered a rifle platoon under Lieutenant Warren Smith of K Company of Orange Combat Team to setup a roadblock on Warong-Tatbum road. These were to protect 2nd and 3rd Battalions' northeastward withdraw from Manpin. On the same day, Merrill moved his headquarters to the village of Nhpum Ga, which was about 7 miles north of Weston and Smith. ww2dbase [Charles Beach | Battle of Myitkyina | Ngagahtawng | CPC]
Germany India
  • Orde Wingate visited the Broadway and White City sites of Operation Thursday in Burma in an attempt to raise the morale of the British 77th Brigade. At 1823 hours, his returning plane arrived at Imphal, India, and then off again shortly before 2000 hours for Hailakandi, India. The aircraft crashed into the Naga hill west of Imphal about 30 minutes after taking off, killing the American pilot Lieutenant Brian Hodges, Wingate, and the other 8 passengers and crew aboard. ww2dbase [Orde Wingate | Bishnupur, Manipur | CPC]
  • The Anzio beachhead in Italy was subjected to heavy German artillery and guided bomb attacks. Out at sea, an Italian motor torpedo boat attack sank one cargo ship; one Italian boat was sunk in the attack. ww2dbase [Battle of Anzio | Anzio, Lazio | TH, CPC]
  • The Allied attacks on the Gustav Line were persistently repulsed by German defenders. ww2dbase [Battle of Monte Cassino | CPC]
Pacific Ocean Philippines
  • USAAF 35th Bombardment Squadron departed Carlsen Field in Trinidad. ww2dbase [Carlsen Field | Chaguanas | CPC]
Poland Puerto Rico
  • The control of Losey Field in Puerto Rico, now without any active air units, was turned over to US Army ground forces. ww2dbase [Losey Field | Juana DĂ­az | CPC]
  • Red Army units crossed the Bug River by the Black Sea on the Ukrainian coast. ww2dbase [TH]
United Kingdom United States
  • 417th Bombardment Squadron of 25th Bombardment Group of US Army Air Forces, operating B-18 Bolo bombers, was assigned to Alamogordo Army Air Field in New Mexico, United States. ww2dbase [Alamogordo Army Air Field | Alamogordo, New Mexico | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 24 Mar 1944
B-24D Liberator lead assembly ship

24 Mar 1944 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944

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