12 Apr 1945
  • A Japanese aircraft crashed into the foremast of USS Cassin Young, killing one and wounding one. ww2dbase [Cassin Young | CPC]
  • Allied troops captured Westerbork, Brummen, and Deventer in the Netherlands. US Third Army captured Erfurt, Germany. Meanwhile, US Ninth Army captured Braunschweig after crossing the Elbe River. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German forces evacuated Zenica, Yugoslavia. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Operation Kikusui No. 2 was launched off Okinawa, Japan, participated by about 125 Japanese Navy and 60 Japanese Army special attack and escorting aircraft. Destroyer USS Mannert L. Abele was sunk by a Japanese Ohka piloted bomb off Okinawa; she was the first to be struck by an Ohka bomb and was the only to be sunk by one. ww2dbase [Okinawa Campaign | CPC]
  • An order was sent by radio to USS Snook to take lifeguard station off the Sakishima Islands, Ryukyu Islands, Japan; she failed to respond. ww2dbase [Snook | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler ordered that commanders who failed to hold key positions in the defense of Germany would be executed. ww2dbase [Heinrich Himmler | CPC]
  • USS Chub was attacked by a Japanese aircraft, sustaining temporary loss of power and depth control. ww2dbase [Chub | CPC]
  • USS Parche sank a Japanese transport off Japan, hitting her with 1 of 3 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Parche | CPC]
  • En route to Dalian, China, I-401 detonated a magnetic mine at 0850 hours, rupturing the fuel tank and damaging a Kingston valve. She turned around to return to Kure, Japan for repairs. ww2dbase [I-401 | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • Escort carrier USS Bogue and her task group began 3 days of anti-submarine exercises in a 65-mile x 34-mile area of the Atlantic south of Nantucket Island against submarine USS Mackerel. ww2dbase [Mackerel | Bogue | DS]
  • At Danzig, U-3538 was renamed TS-8, U-3539 was renamed TS-9, U-3540 was renamed TS-10, U-3541 was renamed TS-11, and U-3542 was renamed TS-12 ww2dbase [U-3541 | U-3540 | U-3539 | U-3538 | U-3542 | CPC]
Germany Italy Japan
  • Gato-class submarine USS Silversides torpedoed and sank Japanese patrol boat Shiratori Maru in the southwest of the Bungo Channel, Japan. ww2dbase [Silversides | Bungo Channel | DS]
Netherlands Pacific Ocean
  • USS Bergall fired a torpedo at a Japanese patrol vessel in the South China Sea; the torpedo missed. ww2dbase [Bergall | South China Sea | CPC]
  • Avenger aircraft from HMS Victorious attacked Matsuyama Airfield in Taihoku (now Taipei) and shipping off Tamsui in northern Taiwan; Sub-Lieutenant Daniel McAleese was shot down, rescued, but would later die of his wounds. ww2dbase [Matsuyama Airfield | Victorious | Taihoku | CPC]
United Kingdom United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt passed away of cerebral hemorrhage after complaining of acute headache during a portrait painting session with artist Elizabeth Shoumatoff at Warm Springs, Georgia, United States. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | Warm Springs, Georgia | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Apr 1945
African-American US Marines and sailors resting at the base of a Japanese war memorial, Okinawa, Japan, 12 Apr 1945. On steps: Snowden, Martin. On monument: Walton, Ellenberg, Brown, Brawner.High school girls from Chiran, Kagoshima, Japan waving cherry blossom branches to bid farewell to Lt Toshio Anazawa of Japanese Army 20th Shinbu Special Attack Unit in Ki-43 Hayabusa, 12 Apr 1945USS Tennessee burning shortly after being struck by a Japanese D3A special attack aircraft of Operation Kikusui No. 2, off Okinawa, Japan, 12 Apr 1945American soldiers advancing past a dead Japanese soldier near Balete Pass, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 12 Apr 1945
See all photos dated 12 Apr 1945

12 Apr 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944

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