23 Jul 1945
  • In Moscow, Russia, the Politburo approved the sentence of death by hanging of turncoat General Andrei Vlasov who had raised two divisions of Russian volunteers to fight for the Germans. ww2dbase [AC]
  • American aviators reported the presence of barrage balloons 12,000 feet above Hitachi, Japan. ww2dbase [Bombing of Tokyo and Other Cities | CPC]
  • Men landed by submarine USS Barb destroyed a train in Karafuto, Japan (Kurile Islands). ww2dbase [Barb | CPC]
  • Major General William Donovan, director of the OSS, offered to turn over to the Russians an entire German intelligence unit commanded by the deputy foreign chief of the Gestapo, Dr. William Höttl. Generals George Marshall and Dwight Eisenhower fumed when they heard about this unilateral gesture having despaired at cooperation with Moscow. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The trial against Marshal Philippe PĂ©tain began at Palais de Justice, Paris, France. ww2dbase [Philippe PĂ©tain | Paris | CPC]
  • Casablanca-class escort carrier USS Sargent Bay arrived at Apra Harbor, Guam, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Sargent Bay | Apra Harbor | DS]
Hawaii Japan
  • Light carrier Hosho began preparations to depart Kure, Japan for Moji, Japan. ww2dbase [Hosho | Kure, Hiroshima | CPC]
  • USS Springer completed her patrol of the Kii Channel between Honshu and Shikoku islands of Japan and set sail for Guam, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Springer | CPC]
  • I-400 departed Mutsu, Japan. ww2dbase [I-400 | Mutsu, Aomori | CPC]
  • I-401 departed Mutsu, Japan. Shortly after, she was fired upon by friendly Japanese coastal artillery on the island of Hokkaido; she was able to submerge and escaped without damage. ww2dbase [I-401 | Mutsu, Aomori | CPC]
  • The Kawasaki aircraft factory at Kakamigahara, Gifu Prefecture, Japan was attacked by US aircraft. ww2dbase [Ki-100 | Kakamigahara, Gifu | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • A test bomb in the shape of the atomic bomb Little Boy, designated L-1, was dropped in the sea near Tinian, Mariana Islands from a B-29 bomber piloted by Paul Tibbets, to test the radar altimeter mounted on a B-29 bomber. ww2dbase [Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki | Paul Tibbets | Tinian | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Blenny reported sinking two small Japanese craft with the deck gun in the South China Sea off Malaya. ww2dbase [Blenny | South China Sea | CPC]
  • USS Sea Robin sank a small Japanese vessel with her deck gun in the East China Sea. ww2dbase [Sea Robin | East China Sea | CPC]
Singapore Ukraine
  • The last USAAF personnel of Operation Frantic left Poltava, Ukraine as the final step in closing the operation. ww2dbase [Operation Frantic | Poltava | DS]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 23 Jul 1945
One of the several American trucks that returned looted Italian artwork to Florence, Italy, 23 Jul 1945Churchill, Truman, and Stalin shaking hands during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 23 Jul 1945, photo 1 of 3Churchill, Truman, and Stalin shaking hands during the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 23 Jul 1945, photo 3 of 3Winston Churchill, Harry Truman, and Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, Germany, 23 Jul 1945
See all photos dated 23 Jul 1945

23 Jul 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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