31 Jul 1944
  • Tirpitz conducted exercises at sea with five destroyers. ww2dbase [Tirpitz | CPC]
  • USS Tang departed for her fourth war patrol off Honshu, Japan. ww2dbase [Tang | CPC]
  • British VIII Corps launched Operation Bluecoat towards Vire River in Normandy, France. Meanwhile, US 4th Armored Division captured Avranches and 20,000 prisoners of war in 6 days. ww2dbase [Normandy Campaign, Phase 2 | TH]
  • USS Kete was commissioned into service with Commander R. L. Rutter in command. ww2dbase [Kete | CPC]
  • The British 9th Armoured Division (Major General John D'Arcy) was disbanded. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Parche attacked a Japanese convoy off Taiwan and sank cargo ship Manko Maru and tanker Koei Maru; she also shared the credit with USS Steelhead for sinking another transport. She expended 19 torpedoes during this attack. Parche's commanding officer, Commander Lawson Ramage would later be awarded the Medal of Honor for this attack while the crew received the Presidental Unit Citation. ww2dbase [Parche | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • TBM Avengers from escort carrier USS Card dropped sonobuoys on an oil slick in the mid-Atlantic and detected propeller cavitation noises. Two Mark 24 FIDO homing torpedoes were dropped with one confirmed underwater explosion. No confirmation of a submarine was obtained. ww2dbase [Conclusion of the Battle of the Atlantic | Mark XXIV | Card | TBF Avenger | DS]
Germany Japan
  • Nachi departed Ominato Guard District, Mutsu, Aomori Prefecture, Japan. ww2dbase [Nachi | Mutsu, Aomori | CPC]
  • Landing ship No. 108 was completed and was transferred to the Japanese Army as SB No. 125. ww2dbase [No. 101/103-class | CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) left the area of the Mariana Islands headed United States. ww2dbase [Yorktown (Essex-class) | DS]
United Kingdom
  • 91 Squadron RAF lost a veteran pilot when Flying Officer Paddy Schade's Spitfire XIV fighter was hit by a Tempest fighter flown by Flight Sergeant Archie Wilson RNZAF of 486 Squadron when Wilson emerged from cloud whilst chasing a V-1 flying bomb. The wing of the Tempest fighter tore off the Spitfire fighter's cockpit; both pilots were killed. Flight Sergeant Stan Rudowski of 306 Squadron (Polish) RAF was vectored onto a V-1 flying bomb approaching the town of Rye, Kent in southern England, United Kingdom, two miles west of the coastal town he attacked from below, the flying bomb slowed, looped and exploded in the sea just off the beach. ww2dbase [Vergeltungswaffe 1 | V-Weapons Campaign | England | HM]
Photo(s) dated 31 Jul 1944
Allied soldiers and vehicles waited to be loaded prior to a practice landing, possibly for the invasion of Southern France, held near Mondragone, Italy, 31 Jul 1944Japanese 47mm gun, captured east of Tumon Bay, Guam, Mariana Islands, circa Jul-Aug 1944US Marines checking out a disabled Japanese tank, Tinian, Mariana Islands, Jul or Aug 1944This 75mm Japanese gun position at Gaan Point wreaked havoc on men of the US 22nd Marine Regiment before it was silenced, Guam, Mariana Islands, Jul-Aug 1944
See all photos dated 31 Jul 1944

31 Jul 1944 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"Since peace is now beyond hope, we can but fight to the end."

Chiang Kaishek, 31 Jul 1937

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