9 Aug 1942
  • Armed resistance was met by the Germans during the liquidation of the Mir ghetto in western Byelorussia. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Mahatma Gandhi was arrested in Bombay, India by British forces for launching the Quit India Movement. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US Navy Admiral Richmond Turner put the HQ 2nd Marines ashore on Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides. Unfortunately the rest of the regiment was on Tulagi and Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. To make matters worse the Marines then forgot all about them until the 29 Oct 1942 when a boat was sent to collect them. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Hornet patrolled waters near US Territory of Hawaii. ww2dbase [Hornet (Yorktown-class) | CPC]
  • The United States Navy retreated from the Guadalcanal area due to Japanese air attacks without being able to unload all supplies for the Marines on shore. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • Mutsu was assigned to Japanese Navy Second Fleet. ww2dbase [Mutsu | CPC]
  • German submarine U-155 sank British tanker San Emiliano 450 miles east of Trinidad at 0324 hours; 40 were killed, 8 survived. At 0649 hours, U-176 sank the already-abandoned British merchant ship Radchurch of Allied convoy SC-94 485 hours southeast of the southern tip of Greenland. German submarine U-752 sank Dutch ship Mendanau 400 miles southwest of Freetown, British West Africa at 2113 hours; 69 were killed, 16 survived. At 2237 hours, 750 miles west of Free town, U-130 sank Norwegian tanker Malmanger; 2 were killed, 32 survived but 2 were taken prisoner. ALso on this day, German armed merchant cruiser Stier attacked British freighter Dalhousie with gunfire; all 37 aboard were captured before Stier scuttled Dalhousie with torpedoes. ww2dbase [Stier | Second Happy Time | CPC]
  • USS Astoria sank at 1216 hours from damage sustained during the Battle of Savo Island. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | Astoria (New Orleans-class) | CPC]
  • James Johnson shot down a German Bf 109 fighter. ww2dbase [James Johnson | CPC]
  • In the Solomon Islands, damaged US destroyer USS Jarvis was sunk by Japanese torpedo bombers from Rabaul, New Britain at 1300 hours; all 233 aboard were killed. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • An message was sent out to Morisini at 2300 hours, informing her that a German ship Uckermark, escorted by torpedo boats T10, T13, and T14, might come across her path in the Atlantic Ocean. She did not respond to this message. ww2dbase [T14 | Morosini | T13 | T10 | Second Happy Time | CPC]
  • George Marshall gave George Kenney his permission to create an all-American numbered air force in Australia. ww2dbase [George Kenney | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • 6 US B-17 Flying Fortress bombers attacked Rabaul, New Britain, causing little damage; 2 bombers were lost on this mission. ww2dbase [Rabaul, New Britain | CPC]
Australian Papua British Western Pacific Territories
  • Northwest of Savo Island in the Solomons, destroyer USS Ralph Talbot was fired upon by a friendly ship shortly after midnight. Two men were killed. Minutes later, Ralph Talbot exchanged gunfire with Japanese cruiser Furutaka that killed ten men aboard Ralph Talbot, wounded 23, and left two men missing. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | Furutaka | Ralph Talbot | Solomon Islands | DS]
French Indochina Germany Gibraltar
  • HMS Lightning disembarked the 39 survivors of Norwegian tanker Tankexpress (sunk by German submarine U-130 on 25 Jul) at Gibraltar. ww2dbase [HM]
  • Irako transited the Bungo Strait between Shikoku and Kyushu, Japan. ww2dbase [Irako | CPC]
  • German tanker Rossbach, formerly Norwegian tanker Madrono captured by German armed merchant cruiser Thor in the Indian Ocean on 4 Jul 1942, arrived in Japan. ww2dbase [Thor | CPC]
  • Troops of the German 17.Armee captured Krasnodar on the Kuban River in southern Russia. Nearby, troops of the 1.Panzerarmee reached the Maikop oil fields, though most of the fuel stores were burned before capture. Meanwhile, Soviet cruiser Krasny Krym and destroyer Nezamozhnik evacuated troops from Novorossiysk, Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH, CPC]
  • German 4.Panzerarmee reached the eastern shore of the Don River bend west of Stalingrad, Russia, threatening to envelope Soviet 62nd Army and 64th Army on the western shore. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Aug 1942
USS Blue and USS Patternson removing the crew from the fatally damaged Canberra 9 Aug 1942Chicago maneuvered off Tulagi, 9 Aug 1942, as seen from destroyer ElletQuincy illuminated by Japanese searchlights during Battle of Savo Island, 9 Aug 1942Track of the cruiser night action of 9 Aug 1942 off Savo Island, Solomon Islands where three United States cruisers and one Australian cruiser were lost. Track is taken from the USS Astoria damage report.
See all photos dated 9 Aug 1942

9 Aug 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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