10 Aug 1942
  • Jews of Lvov Ghetto in Ukraine started to be deported to concentration camps; 40,000 were deported within the following 12 days. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | CPC]
  • Stranded, US Marines prepared artillery and defensive positions at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. Meanwhile, in Japan, radio broadcast announced that Japanese air attacks had thus far sunk 28 Allied ships in the Guadalcanal area. ww2dbase [Guadalcanal Campaign | CPC]
  • A Mark X emergency identification flare exploded aboard USS S-1, seriously injuring her commanding officer. ww2dbase [S-31 | CPC]
  • Kaga was removed from the Japanese Navy list. ww2dbase [Kaga | CPC]
  • German submarine U-578 disappeared in the Bay of Biscay north of Cape Ortegal, Spain, probably sunk by a Czechoslovakian aircraft when it attacked U-135; all 49 aboard were lost. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-77 sank Palestinian sailing vessel Kharouf with her deck gun off Palestine at 0120 hours. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • HMS Dianthus rescued survivors of British merchant ships Cape Race, Empire Reindeer, and Oregon in the Atlantic Ocean. ww2dbase [Dianthus | CPC]
  • British anti-submarine trawler HMS Isley sank Italian submarine Scirè with depth charges 7 miles off Haifa, Palestine; 55 were killed. ww2dbase [Scirè | CPC]
  • British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, accompanied by Generals Archibald Wavell and Alan Brooke, flew to Moscow, Russia to inform the Soviets of the Anglo-American decision to abandon Operation Sledgehammer in favour of Operation Torch. ww2dbase [Winston Churchill | AC]
  • Minoru Ota was made the commanding officer of 2nd Sasebo Sailor Corps. ww2dbase [Minoru Ota | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-510 damaged British motor tanker Alexia with 3 torpedoes 50 miles east of Antigua at 0215 hours. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | CPC]
  • Greek merchant steamer Athina Livanos sighted lifeboats occupied by the survivors of Norwegian steam tanker Arthur W. Sewall, which was sunk by German submarine U-109 three days prior. The survivors would be taken aboard and taken to Port of Spain, Trinidad. ww2dbase [HM]
  • German submarines U-660 and U-438 attacked Allied convoy SC-94 500 miles west of Ireland; at 1220 hours, U-438 damaged Greek merchant ship Condylis; at 1221 hours, U-660 sank Condylis, sank British merchant ship Empire Reindeer (all 65 aboard survived), British merchant ship Cape Race (all 63 aboard survived), and fatally damaged British merchant ship Oregon (2 were killed, 36 survived); at 1629 hours, U-438 sank the already-abandoned Oregon. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | CPC]
  • U-155 sank Dutch merchant ship Strabo with her deck gun northeast of Paramaribo, Suriname at 1850 hours; all 13 aboard survived. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | U-155 | CPC]
  • U-600 stopped British sailing vessel Vivian P. Smith with a warning shot from her deck gun 140 miles east of Turks and Caicos Islands at 2130 hours; after the crew of 11 abandoned ship, Vivian P. Smith was scuttled by U-600's deck gun. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | CPC]
  • Reginaldo Giuliani sank British freighter Medon by torpedo and gunfire in the Atlantic Ocean. She was sailing from Port Louis, Mauritius to New York, United States in ballast. All 64 aboard survived. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | Reginaldo Giuliani | CPC]
  • An message was sent out to Morisini informing her that she was to make rendezvous with German ship Uckermark, escorted by torpedo boats T10, T13, and T14 in the Atlantic Ocean at 1000 hours. At 1000, Morisini failed to appear. Three German aircraft in flight in the area searched for her, but failed. ww2dbase [T13 | Second Happy Time | T10 | T14 | Morosini | CPC]
Australia Australian New Guinea
  • Japanese cruiser Kako was struck by three torpedoes from USS S-44 90 miles east of Kavieng, New Ireland at 0806 hours and sank at about 0815 hours; 34 were killed, 582 survived. ww2dbase [Kako | New Ireland | CPC]
  • USS S-44 spotted a group of four Japanese heavy cruisers at the distance of 800 meters off New Ireland at 0750 hours. At 0806 hours, she fired four torpedoes, scoring three hits on heavy cruiser Kako, sinking her. ww2dbase [S-44 | New Ireland | CPC]
France Gibraltar
  • The Pedestal convoy, 13 merchantmen and the tanker Ohio (escorted by fifty-nine warships), departed from Gibraltar for Malta. Lying in wait were twenty-one Axis submarines and some 800 aircraft. ww2dbase [Malta Campaign | AC]
  • Max Merten arrived in Thessaloniki for service with the German occupation administration in Thessaloniki, Greece. ww2dbase [Max Merten | Thessaloniki | CPC]
  • Police in Bombay, India opened fire on a mob rioting following the arrest, on the previous day, of Mohandas Gandhi, Pandit Nehru and Dr. Maulana Azad, and all the members of the Indian Congress Party who attended the 5 August 1942 Bombay meeting. ww2dbase [Bombay | AC]
  • At Hashirajima island in Hiroshima Bay, Japan, Admiral Yamamoto convened a meeting aboard Yamato with Vice Admiral Nagumo of First Air Fleet, Vice Admiral Kondo of Second Fleet, and other top Combined Fleet staff officers. Yamamoto discussed his desire to exploit Mikawa's success and the need to protect convoys carrying troops to recapture Guadalcanal. ww2dbase [Yamato | Hashirajima, Yamaguchi | CPC]
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Sasebo, Japan. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | Sasebo, Nagasaki | CPC]
  • Troops of the German 6.Armee crossed the Don River in southern Russia, reaching the suburbs of Stalingrad. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | Stalingrad | TH]
  • German troops reached the Krasnodar-Pyatigorsk-Maikop line in southern Russia. Over Novorossiysk, five He 111 bombers of German Luftwaffe group KG 55 were attacked by Soviet LaGG-3 fighters; Soviet pilots claimed 3 bombers destroyed, one of which by deliberate ramming. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Aug 1942
Chicago of Guadalcanal the day after Battle of Savo Island, with crewmen cutting away torpedo-damaged plating to enable the ship to get underway, 10 Aug 1942American propaganda poster noting the typical look of a friendly British soldier, 10 Aug 1942; note Boys anti-tank rifleA Humber Mk II armoured car of the UK 12th Royal Lancers on patrol in the Western Desert, Egypt, 10 Aug 1942A Humber Mk II armoured car of 4th Light Armoured Brigade on patrol in the Western Desert, Egypt, 10 Aug 1942
See all photos dated 10 Aug 1942

10 Aug 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"Goddam it, you'll never get the Purple Heart hiding in a foxhole! Follow me!"

Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943

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