S-44 file photo [27677]

USS S-44

CountryUnited States
Ship ClassS-class Submarine
Hull NumberSS-155
BuilderFore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts, United States
Laid Down19 Feb 1921
Launched27 Oct 1923
Commissioned16 Feb 1925
Sunk7 Oct 1943
Displacement864 tons standard; 1144 tons submerged
Length225 feet
Beam21 feet
Draft16 feet
MachineryNLSE disel engines (1,200hp), Electro Dynamic electric motors (1,500hp), 120-cell Exide battery, 2 shafts
Bunkerage185t fuel oil
Speed14 knots
Crew42
Armament1x100mm/50 deck gun, 4x533mm bow torpedo tubes
Submerged Speed11 knots

Contributor:

ww2dbaseSubmarine S-44 was built by Bethlehem Shipbuilding at its Fore River Shipyard in Quincy, Massachusetts, United States in the early 1920s. She operated in both the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean prior to WW2. She was in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States for overhaul when the United States entered the war in Dec 1941. The work completed in Jan 1942. In late Jan 1942, she assisted in a rescue operation off the Panama Canal Zone for the survivors of submarine S-26, which had been rammed and sunk by friendly submarine chaser PC-460. She embarked on her first war patrol out of Brisbane, Australia in Apr 1942. Her first three war patrol were successful, sinking three ships, including the heavy cruiser Kako. After her fourth war patrol, she transited the Panama Canal in Jan 1943 for an overhaul at Philadelphia between Apr and Jun 1943. In Jul, she transited the Panama Canal in the other direction for the Aleutian Islands in the US Territory of Alaska. After sundown on 7 Oct 1943, in waters off the northern Kurile Islands, she made radar contact with what the crew determined to be a small cargo ship. The captain ordered the submarine to approach on the surface, and as the boat neared, the deck gun fired on the target. Surprisingly, the crew received heavy return fire. Realizing that they had mistaken the armed escort vessel Ishigaki for a civilian ship, the captain ordered an emergency dive, but the action was not completed before she took several hits. The captain ordered the boat to be abandoned while raising a pillow case for the function of a white flag, but the Japanese fire did not cease. S-44 was sunk by gunfire from Ishigaki. Only two sailors survived. The two survivors spent time at a prisoner of war camp in Paramushiro, Karafuto Prefecture, Japan; the Ofuna Prisoner of War camp in Yokohama, Japan; and finally as a forced laborer at the copper mines in Ashio in central Japan before being liberated and repatriated.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Submarine USS S-44 (SS-155) Interactive Map

USS S-44 Operational Timeline

19 Feb 1921 The keel of submarine S-44 was laid down by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation at the Fore River Shipyard in Quincy, Massachusetts, United States.
27 Oct 1923 USS S-44 was launched at the Fore River Shipyard in Quincy, Massachusetts, United States, sponsored by Mrs. H. E. Grieshaber.
16 Feb 1925 USS S-44 was commissioned into service with Lieutenant A. H. Bateman in command.
7 Jan 1942 USS S-44 departed Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
16 Jan 1942 USS S-44 arrived at Balboa, Panama Canal Zone.
24 Jan 1942 USS S-44 departed the Panama Canal Zone for a security patrol of the region.
5 Mar 1942 USS S-44 departed Naval Base Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone.
15 Apr 1942 USS S-44 arrived at Brisbane, Australia.
24 Apr 1942 USS S-44 departed Brisbane, Australia for her first war patrol.
27 Apr 1942 USS S-44 suffered a failure with her port engine.
29 Apr 1942 USS S-44 continued her war patrol after her crew repaired the failing port engine.
2 May 1942 USS S-44 reached her patrol area in the New Britain-New Ireland region.
8 May 1942 USS S-44 fired two torpedoes at an unidentified target off the coast of New Britain; both torpedoes missed.
9 May 1942 USS S-44 spotted a Japanese destroyer in the New Britain-New Ireland region, but failed to close in for an attack.
10 May 1942 USS S-44 attempted to move into an attack position against a target near Cape St. George, New Ireland, but she was spotted by Japanese escort vessels and was attacked.
12 May 1942 USS S-44 attacked salvage vessel Shoei Maru 24 kilometers (15 miles) off of Cape St. George, New Ireland at 0957 hours, hitting her with 2 of 4 torpedoes. Shoei Maru would sink at 1440 hours.
14 May 1942 USS S-44 departed her patrol area in the New Britain-New Ireland region.
23 May 1942 USS S-44 arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her first war patrol.
7 Jun 1942 USS S-44 departed Brisbane, Australia for her second war patrol.
21 Jun 1942 USS S-44 sank converted gunboat Keijo Maru in northern Savo Sound, Solomon Islands. She was immediately counterattacked by Japanese aircraft, causing damage to her depth gauges, gyrocompass, and the ice machine due to flooding.
24 Jun 1942 USS S-44 arrived at Lunga Roads off the northern coast of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands.
26 Jun 1942 USS S-44 reported extremely poor weather north of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands.
29 Jun 1942 USS S-44 departed waters north of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands.
5 Jul 1942 USS S-44 arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her second war patrol.
24 Jul 1942 USS S-44 departed Brisbane, Australia for her third war patrol.
31 Jul 1942 USS S-44 arrived in New Britain-New Ireland region.
1 Aug 1942 USS S-44 spotted a potential target in New Britain-New Ireland region, but rough seas prevented her from attacking.
10 Aug 1942 USS S-44 spotted a group of four Japanese heavy cruisers at the distance of 800 meters off New Ireland at 0750 hours. At 0806 hours, she fired four torpedoes, scoring three hits on heavy cruiser Kako, sinking her.
13 Aug 1942 USS S-44 suffered some minor damage to bow planes due to rough seas in the New Britain-New Ireland region.
23 Aug 1942 USS S-44 arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her third war patrol.
17 Sep 1942 USS S-44 departed Brisbane, Australia for her fourth war patrol.
18 Sep 1942 USS S-44 suffered an accidental hydrogen fire in her forward battery compartment.
22 Sep 1942 USS S-44 began surfacing only at night as she entered Japanese-controlled waters.
24 Sep 1942 USS S-44 arrived at her patrol area off New Georgia.
4 Oct 1942 USS S-44 attacked a destroyer, claiming a sinking with 3 hits out of 4 torpedoes fired; she suffered damage from an intense depth charge counterattack.
5 Oct 1942 USS S-44 suffered leaks from damage sustained; her crew attempted repairs while escaping an attack by Japanese destroyers.
7 Oct 1942 USS S-44 reported poor weather in her patrol area.
8 Oct 1942 USS S-44 departed her patrol area.
14 Oct 1942 USS S-44 arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her fourth war patrol.
4 Nov 1942 USS S-44 departed Brisbane, Australia.
6 Feb 1943 USS S-44 departed Naval Base Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone.
13 Feb 1943 USS S-44 arrived at Trinidad.
25 Mar 1943 USS S-44 departed Trinidad.
4 Apr 1943 USS S-44 arrived at Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States.
14 Jun 1943 USS S-44 departed Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, United States.
17 Jun 1943 USS S-44 departed Hampton Roads, Viginia, United States.
16 Sep 1943 USS S-44 arrived at Dutch Harbor, Unalaska, US Territory of Alaska.
26 Sep 1943 USS S-44 departed Attu, US Territory of Alaska for her fifth war patrol.
27 Sep 1943 USS S-44 was attacked by a Japanese aircraft, suffering no damage.
7 Oct 1943 USS S-44 opened fire with her deck gun on escort vessel Ishigaki, mistaking her for an unarmed civilian cargo ship. She was sunk by returning gunfire. Only two survived.

Photographs

S-18, S-47, and S-44 at Groton, Connecticut, United States, 8 Apr 1924USS S-44 retrieving torpedoes, 1926USS S-44 under repair, Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone, 1926USS S-44 departing Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 1929
See all 25 photographs of Submarine USS S-44 (SS-155)



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Submarine USS S-44 (SS-155) Photo Gallery
S-18, S-47, and S-44 at Groton, Connecticut, United States, 8 Apr 1924
See all 25 photographs of Submarine USS S-44 (SS-155)




Famous WW2 Quote
"All right, they're on our left, they're on our right, they're in front of us, they're behind us... they can't get away this time."

Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal