1 Aug 1942
  • American born fighter pilot Dominic S. "Don" Gentile of No. 133 squadron RAF, flying a Spitfire fighter, shot down both a Focke-Wulf Fw 190 and a Junkers Ju 88 aircraft in the space of 10 minutes. This would earn him the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal. ww2dbase [AC]
  • German submarine U-601 received orders to go into the Kara Sea as a part of Operation Wunderland. En route, she would sink Soviet transport Krestyanin with one torpedo, killing 7. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | CPC]
  • German submarine U-601 sank Soviet collier Krest'janin 30 miles south of Belushya Guba, Novaya Zemlya islands, Russia in the eastern Barents Sea at 0023 hours; 7 were killed, 38 survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-155 sank Dutch ship Kentar at 0220 hours (17 were killed, 62 survived) and British ship Clan MacNaughton at 1800 hours (5 were killed, 77 survived) southeast of Barbados. 100 miles east of Trinidad, Italian submarine Tazzoli sank Greek ship Kastor; 4 were killed, 31 survived. ww2dbase [Second Happy Time | CPC]
  • German submarine U-77 sank Egyptian sail boat St. Simon 35 miles northwest of Beirut, French Syria-Lebanon at 1335 hours; all aboard survived. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Captain Bunjiro Yamaguchi was assigned the commanding officer of light carrier Hosho. ww2dbase [Hosho | CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek accepted Joseph Stilwell's X-Y Plan for an offensive into Burma on the conditions that British generals fully cooperate with the campaign and that the Allies would support the offensive from the air. ww2dbase [Chiang Kaishek | CPC]
  • The British Army Air Corps and Glider Pilot Regiment were established. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The United States Navy Bureau of Ordnance admitted problems with torpedoes, but only that they were running 10 feet to deep, refusing to address the detonator failure issue. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The United States Navy Task Force 1, consisted of 7 battleships and 10 destroyers, set sail for the Hawaiian Islands, where it would remain to patrol the area during the Guadalcanal invasion. ww2dbase [CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • The 6,030-ton Norwegian steam tanker Arthur W. Sewall departed Freetown, British West Africa in ballast, bound for Trinidad with a convoy. ww2dbase [HM]
Australia Australian New Guinea
  • USS S-44 spotted a potential target in New Britain-New Ireland region, but rough seas prevented her from attacking. ww2dbase [S-44 | CPC]
  • Anti-British nationalist leader Ba Maw installed a Japanese puppet government in Burma. ww2dbase [Ba Maw | AC]
  • Yukio Kasahara was named the chief of staff of Kenkichi Ueda (Japanese Kwantung Army in northeastern China). ww2dbase [CPC]
Germany Hawaii Japan
  • Crown Prince Yi Un was attached to Japanese 1st Air Army. ww2dbase [Yi Un | CPC]
  • The keel of Unryu was laid down at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal, Japan. ww2dbase [Yokosuka Naval Arsenal | Unryu | Yokosuka, Kanagawa | CPC]
  • USS Narwhal sank Japanese freighter Meiwa Maru and tanker Koan Maru in the Tsugaru Strait between Hokkaido Prefecture and Aomori Prefecture, Japan. ww2dbase [Narwhal | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • Katori departed Kwajalein, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Katori | Kwajalein | CPC]
  • Marshal Andrey Yeryomenko was appointed the commanding officer of the Soviet Southeastern Front, charged with planning the defense of Stalingrad in southern Russia. Meanwhile, German 4th Panzer Army attacked Kotelnikovo located 100 miles southwest of Stalingrad, surprising Soviet defenders. ww2dbase [Battle of Stalingrad | Stalingrad | CPC]
  • Georgy Zhukov launched a feint attack at Yukhnov, Russia, drawing German attention away from Rzhev where the main attack by 20th, 29th, 30th, and 31st Armies would soon commence. ww2dbase [Yukhnov, Kaluga | CPC]
  • German 1st Panzer Army captured Salsk, Russia. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | Salsk, Rostov | CPC]
United States
  • USS New Mexico completed a scheduled overhaul at Puget Sound Navy Yard in Bremerton, Washington, United States, during which her 5-inch guns were removed in exchange for more anti-aircraft weapons. ww2dbase [New Mexico | Puget Sound Navy Yard | Bremerton, Washington | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Aug 1942
Soviet naval infantry signal troops setting up communication wires, Stalingrad, Russia, 1 Aug 1942Map of installations in the Aleutian Island Area as of 1 Aug 1942, prepared for the United States Navy Office of Naval Intelligence Combat Narrative report. Note that Attu and Kiska were listed as Japanese held.Aerial view of Ford Island from over Pearl City Peninsula looking toward Diamond Head in the distance, 1 Aug 1942. Escort carrier USS Long Island and Yorktown-class carrier USS Hornet are moored to Ford Island.

1 Aug 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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