10 Sep 1942
  • Cruiser Köln, with Admiral Scheer and Admiral Hipper, moved to the Alta Fjord to attack Allied Convoy PQ18, but the attack was aborted due to a British submarine attack. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Paul L. Mather was named the commanding officer of USS Ancon. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Another attempt by the Soviet forces to break out of Leningrad, Russia failed. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Japanese submarine I-30 returned to Japan from Lorient, France. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Yekaterina Budanova was assigned to the Soviet 437th Fighter Regiment. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein shot down three Allied aircraft, increasing his total victories to 21. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • John Redman was made the US Navy Pacific Fleet's chief communications officer. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British 29th and 22nd Infantry Brigades captured Majunga, Madagascar. Meanwhile, South African 7th Motor Brigade began advancing south from Diego-Suárez toward Tamatave. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German armed merchant cruiser Michel sank US freighter American Leader 850 miles west of Capetown, South Africa before dawn; 11 were killed, 47 survived and were captured by Michel. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
  • German submarine U-96 attacked Allied convoy ON-127 765 miles west of Ireland at 1631 hours, sinking Belgian ship Elisabeth van Belgie (1 was killed, 55 survived), sinking Norwegian tanker Sveve (all 39 aboard survived; see further account below), and damaging British tanker F. J. Wolfe (all aboard survived). Sveve, which was at station 32 in the convoy, unsuccessfully attempted to steer hard to port to avoid the incoming torpedo. The torpedo hit just below the surface on the port side of the No. 5 main tank, filling the hold and pump room full of sea water within four minutes. This damage together with damaged bulkheads and long holes on the starboard side above the water line made the Master, Harald Hansen, order that the ship be abandoned. All 39 crew members including two gunners left the vessel in lifeboats, 20 minutes after the attack and within the hour they were picked up by the Canadian Flower-class corvette HMCS Sherbrooke (K 152). The corvette then attempted to sink the Sveve with 15 rounds from her gun, but it was not until the evening that she finally sank by the stern after the valves had been opened by the corvette's crew. At 2110 hours, ON-127 was again the target of an attack, this time by a wolfpack of 12 German submarines; U-659 disabled British tanker Empire Oil with 2 torpedoes (all 53 aboard survived). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC, HM]
Australian New Guinea
  • Matome Ugaki arrived at Rabaul, New Britain to meet with officers of the Japanese Navy 8th Fleet, Japanese Navy 11st Air Fleet, and Japanese Army 17th Army. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese destroyers Isokaze and Yayoi departed Rabaul, New Britain for Goodenough Island, Australian Papua with intention of evacuating the 353 troops of the Japanese 5th Sasebo Special Naval Landing Force there. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands Indian Ocean
  • Japanese submarine I-29 sank British cargo ship Haresfield at the mouth of the Gulf of Aden, killing 12. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Marshall Islands Russia
  • German 29th Motorized Infantry Division cut off Soviet 64th Army south of Stalingrad, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Sep 1942
Machinist Donald Runyon posing at the tail of his Wildcat during the Guadalcanal campaign, 10 Sep 1942

10 Sep 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Winston Churchill, on the RAF