12 Sep 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Manila, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • The German garrison at Le Havre, France surrendered only after bitter fighting. ww2dbase [TH]
  • German garrisons evacuated Greek islands in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. ww2dbase [TH]
  • USS Pollack arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her eleventh war patrol. ww2dbase [Pollack | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-409 foundered and sank off the east coast of the United States during a storm. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Edward Brooks was relieved as the commanding officer of the US 2nd Armored Division and was placed in charge on a temporary basis over the US V Corps. ww2dbase [Edward Brooks | CPC]
  • Captain Charles N. Day was made the commanding officer of USS Proteus, replacing Captain Robert Berry. ww2dbase [Proteus | CPC]
  • USS Nicholas departed Hollandia, New Guinea escorting a convoy bound for Morotai, Dutch East Indies. ww2dbase [Nicholas | DS]
Caroline Islands China
  • Two separate groups of the 5th Fighter Group of the Chinese-American Composite Wing engaged Japanese aircraft over Hunan Province, China. Several fighters on either side were lost. ww2dbase [Hunan | CPC]
Czechoslovakia Dutch East Indies Germany Hawaii Italy
  • In the Apennine Mountains, US 5th Army launched a major offensive against the German Gothic Line in Italy. To the east, Canadian 5th Armoured Division and British 1st Armoured Division attacked Coriano, Italy. ww2dbase [Gothic Line Offensive | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft began attacking Japanese positions in the Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Alabama | CPC]
  • USS Miami operated off the Philippine Islands in indirect support of the Palau Islands campaign. ww2dbase [Miami | Philippine Sea | CPC]
  • Submarine USS Growler engaged two different Japanese convoys in the South China Sea expending a total of 23 torpedoes. Growler sunk 860-ton coastal defense vessel Hirato in the first attack (killing Rear Admiral Kajioka Sadamichi, noted for commanding multiple amphibious operations earlier in the war) and the 1,950-ton Fubuki-class destroyer Shikinami in the second. ww2dbase [Growler | South China Sea | DS]
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked Japanese positions in central Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Wasp (Essex-class) | CPC]
  • Kamoi arrived at Boayan, Palawan, Philippine Islands at 1840 hours. ww2dbase [Kamoi | Boayan, Palawan | CPC]
Romania Russia
  • Semyon Timoshenko was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class for the second time. ww2dbase [Semyon Timoshenko | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • One of the four German V-2 rockets launched on this date hit Chrysler vehicle works in Mortlake Road, Kew, southwestern London, England, United Kingdom. 8 were killed, 14 were wounded, and property damage was significant. ww2dbase [V-Weapons Campaign | Vergeltungswaffe 2 | London, England | CPC]
  • In Britain, airmen of the US 355th Fighter Group were briefed on missions to Warsaw, Poland. As landings in Soviet-controlled territory was possible, the airmen were instructed to carry no sidearms and to avoid engaging in political discussions with Soviet civilians and military personnel who they might come in contact with. ww2dbase [Warsaw Uprising | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Sep 1944
Earl of Athlone, Roosevelt, Churchill, and King, Octagon Conference, 12 Sep 1944Governor General of Canada and Earl of Athlone Alexander Cambridge, US President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King at the Quebec Conference, Canada, 12 Sep 1944Telegraph Cottage in Kingston upon Thames, England, United Kingdom, 12 Sep 1944. This was Eisenhower’s residence while in England. It was destroyed by fire in 1987 and not rebuilt.

12 Sep 1944 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"The raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next 500 years."

James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945

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