12 Sep 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Manila, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Pollack arrived at Brisbane, Australia, ending her eleventh war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Captain Charles N. Day was made the commanding officer of USS Proteus, replacing Captain Robert Berry. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The German garrison at Le Havre, France surrendered only after bitter fighting. ww2dbase [TH]
  • German garrisons evacuated Greek islands in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-409 foundered and sank off the east coast of the United States during a storm. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Edward Brooks was relieved as the commanding officer of the US 2nd Armored Division and was placed in charge on a temporary basis over the US V Corps. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Marcus Island launched aircraft against Japanese positions on Peleliu and Angaur in the Palau Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Portland and Cruiser Division 4 begin pre-invasion bombardment of Peleliu in the Palau Islands. Bombardments continued for 3 days until the US 1st Marine Division landed on the island. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | DS]
  • Two separate groups of the 5th Fighter Group of the Chinese-American Composite Wing engaged Japanese aircraft over Hunan Province, China. Several fighters on either side were lost. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The filming of a propaganda motion picture at Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in occupied Czechoslovakia ended. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Carl Spaatz ordered large raids on German synthetic oil plants, dispatching 888 aircraft; the German Luftwaffe lost heavily in air battles. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Yolande Beekman was transferred out of her prison in Karlsruhe, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Yolande Beekman arrived at Dauchau Concentration Camp in southern Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • In the Apennine Mountains, US 5th Army launched a major offensive against the German Gothic Line in Italy. To the east, Canadian 5th Armoured Division and British 1st Armoured Division attacked Coriano, Italy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Miami operated off the Philippine Islands in indirect support of the Palau Islands campaign. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Alabama escorted US carriers as carrier aircraft began attacking Japanese positions in the Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Philippines Romania
  • German and Hungarian troops launched an offensive towards Arad and Timisoara, Romania. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet Marshal Rodion Malinovsky signed an armistice agreement with his Romanian counterparts. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, AC]
  • Semyon Timoshenko was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class for the second time. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • One of the four German V-2 rockets launched on this date hit Chrysler vehicle works in Mortlake Road, Kew, southwestern London, England, United Kingdom. 8 were killed, 14 were wounded, and property damage was significant. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 12 Sep 1944
Earl of Athlone, Roosevelt, Churchill, and King, Octagon Conference, 12 Sep 1944Governor General of Canada and Earl of Athlone Alexander Cambridge, US President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King at the Quebec Conference, Canada, 12 Sep 1944Telegraph Cottage in Kingston upon Thames, England, United Kingdom, 12 Sep 1944. This was Eisenhower’s residence while in England. It was destroyed by fire in 1987 and not rebuilt.

12 Sep 1944 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"The raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next 500 years."

James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy, 23 Feb 1945