1 Oct 1944
  • Cruiser Köln conducted convoy operation between Norway and Denmark over the following two months. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • U-530 was assigned to the 33. Unterseebootflottille (33th Submarine Flotilla). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Trepang attacked a Japanese convoy, sinking freighter Takunan Maru. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Finnish troops attacked German troops in Tornio, Finland. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Joseph Stilwell's diary entry for this date noted that he felt he was about to be ousted by Franklin Roosevelt. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oberstleutnant Wilhelm Antrup stepped down as the commanding officer of the German Kampfgeschwader 55 wing. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USS Portland arrived at Seeadler Harbor, Manus Island, Admiralty Islands for 10 days of recreation, upkeep, and replenishment of fuel and stores. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Eight TDR drones were launched against positions on Ballale and Poporang Islands south of Bougainville in the Solomon Islands with mixed results. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
Caroline Islands
  • USS Alabama arrived at Ulithi, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US coastal minesweeper YMS-385 was mined and sunk in the Zowariau Channel, Ulithi, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Emperor Showa's personal representative arrived in Lushun, puppet nation of Manchukuo (Liaoning Province, China) to perform a blessing ceremony for the newly opened grand Shinto shrine. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • B-25 bombers of US 14th Air Force attacked Tianhe Airfield in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Slovakian resistance fighters named themselves the Czechoslovakian 1st Army in Slovakia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The German garrison at Calais, France capitulated. The 3rd Canadian Division had suffered just 300 casualties in the siege of the town but had captured 7,500 Germans bringing their toll of prisoners taken in clearing the Channel ports to almost 30,000. Wreckage to the dock facilities were however extensive and the port would not be available for shipping until Nov 1944. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Karl von Le Suire was awarded the Kuban Shield medal. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • After a 4-day fight, the US 5th Army captured Monte Battaglia, Italy, a part of the Gothic Line defenses. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
Japan Jersey
  • The German-occupied island of Jersey was declared a Fortress. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Cabrilla attacked a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea, sinking two transports with 4 of 10 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Unbeknownst to the Germans, a Hungarian delegation arrived in Moscow, Russia to discuss an armistice with the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
United States
  • Submarine Capitaine was launched at Groton, Connecticut, United States, sponsored by Mrs. J. A. Rondomanski. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Red Army units crossed the Danube River into Yugoslavia. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
Photo(s) dated 1 Oct 1944
Type 97 light machine gun with telescopic sight, magazine, and jacket guard, as seen in Handbook on US War Department Japanese Military Forces (TM-E 30-480), 1 Oct 1944Japanese Type 96 light machine gun with Type 99 shield; seen in figure 292 of US War DepartmentAerial view of the Manzanar Airstrip, Inyo County, California, United States showing a portion of the Manzanar Relocation Center across the highway, 1 Oct 1944.

1 Oct 1944 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"All right, they're on our left, they're on our right, they're in front of us, they're behind us... they can't get away this time."

Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal