USS Columbia file photo [20177]

USS Columbia

CountryUnited States
Ship ClassCleveland-class Light Cruiser
Hull NumberCL-56
BuilderNew York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey, United States
Laid Down18 Aug 1940
Launched17 Dec 1941
Commissioned29 Jul 1942
Decommissioned30 Nov 1946
Displacement10160 tons standard
Length610 feet
Beam66 feet
Draft25 feet
MachineryGeared turbines, 4 boilers, 4 shafts
Power Output100000 SHP
Speed32 knots
Crew1255
Armament4x3x152mm 47cal guns, 6x2x127mm 38cal DP guns, 4x4x40mm Bofors guns, 6x2x40mm Bofors guns, 10x2x20mm Oerlikon cannon
Armor3.25-5in belt, 2in deck, 1.5-6in turret, 6in barbettes, 2.25-5in conning tower
Aircraft4

Contributor:

ww2dbaseUSS Columbia was laid down prior to the US entry into WW2 and was commissioned into serivice in Jul 1942. She reached the South Pacific in Dec 1942. She participated in the Solomon Islands campaign, participating in the Battle of Rennell Island in Jan 1943 (during which she shot down three Japanese aircraft), bombarding Japanese positions in support of the New Georgia landings in Jun to Jul 1943, participating in the Empress Augusta Bay in Nov 1943, among other actions. She spent a brief period of time in the New Hebrides in Jan 1944 for rest and training before heading out to the front once again, supporting the occupation of Nissan of Green Islands between Bougainville and New Ireland in Feb 1944, patrolling the waters between Truk of Caroline Islands and Kavieng of New Ireland in early Mar 1944, and supported the landings at Emirau north of New Ireland in late Mar 1944. After a period of overhaul in San Francisco, California, United States, she returned to the Solomon Islands area in Aug 1944. She supported landing operations at Peleliu, Palau Islands in Sep 1944 and then at Dinagat Islands and Leyte in the Philippine Islands in the following month. In the latter action, USS Columbia sank Japanese destroyer Asagumo, which had already been damaged in previous actions. In Dec 1944, she supported the landing operations at Mindoro, Philippine Islands. On 6 Jan 1945, off Luzon in the Philippine Islands, she was struck by two special attack aircraft. The second aircraft and its bomb penetrated two decks before the bomb detonated, killing 13 and wounding 44. Prompt flooding of two magazines successfully prevented the fire from detonating ammunition, allowing her to remain on the front lines, albeit with one of her turrets disabled. Three days later, she was struck by another special attack aircraft, killing 24 and wounding 97. Again, her damage control team was able to keep the damage from spreading, thus allowing her to serve on the front line a bit longer. The successful efforts earned her a Navy Unit Commendation. She received temporary repairs at San Pedro Bay, Leyte before heading to the west coast of the United States for permanent repairs. She would not return to the Pacific War until Jun 1945. In Jul 1945, she covered the landing operations at Borneo. After the end of WW2, she provided transport for US military personnel to and from Truk of Caroline Islands, Guam and Saipan of Mariana Islands, and Iwo Jima of Japan until 31 Oct 1945. She was decommissioned at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States in Nov 1946. She was sold for scrap in 1959.

ww2dbaseSource: Wikipedia

Light Cruiser USS Columbia (CL-56) Interactive Map

USS Columbia Operational Timeline

18 Aug 1940 The keel of Columbia was laid down by New York Shipbuilding Corporation in Camden, New Jersey, United States.
17 Dec 1941 Columbia was launched in Camden, New Jersey, United States, sponsored by Miss J. A. Paschal.
29 Jul 1942 USS Columbia was commission into service with Captain William A. Heard in command.
9 Nov 1942 USS Columbia departed Norfolk, Virginia, United States.
10 Dec 1942 USS Columbia arrived at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides.
1 Feb 1943 USS Columbia arrived at Efate, New Hebrides.
1 Apr 1943 Captain Frank E. Beatty, Jr. was named the commanding officer of USS Columbia, relieving Captain William A. Heard.
5 Sep 1943 USS Columbia set sail for Sydney, Australia.
24 Sep 1943 USS Columbia arrived at Vella LaVella, Solomon Islands.
13 Feb 1944 USS Columbia arrived at Nissan, Green Islands to support the landings.
18 Feb 1944 USS Columbia departed Nissan, Green Islands.
17 Mar 1944 USS Columbia arrived at Emirau, Bismarck Islands to support the landings.
23 Mar 1944 USS Columbia departed Emirau, Bismarck Islands.
4 Apr 1944 USS Columbia departed Port Purvis, Nggela Islands (Florida Islands), Solomon Islands for a scheduled overhaul in San Francisco, California, United States.
25 Jun 1944 Captain Maurice E. Curts was named the commanding officer of USS Columbia, relieving Captain Frank E. Beatty, Jr.
24 Aug 1944 USS Columbia arrived in the Solomon Islands.
6 Sep 1944 USS Columbia departed Port Purvis, Nggela Islands (Florida Islands), Solomon Islands.
28 Sep 1944 USS Columbia arrived at Manus, Admiralty Islands.
6 Oct 1944 USS Columbia departed Manus, Admiralty Islands.
17 Oct 1944 USS Columbia supported landing operations at Dinagat Islands, Philippine Islands.
14 Dec 1944 One of USS Columbia's 127-millimeter guns misfired during combat off the Philippine Islands, killing four.
6 Jan 1945 USS Columbia was struck by two special attack aircraft off the Philippine Islands. The second aircraft and its bomb penetrated two decks before the bomb detonated. 13 were killed and 44 were wounded.
9 Jan 1945 USS Columbia was struck by a special attack aircraft off the Philippine Islands, killing 24 and wounding 97.
16 Jun 1945 USS Columbia arrived at Leyte, Philippine Islands.
19 Jun 1945 USS Columbia departed Leyte, Philippine Islands.
28 Jun 1945 USS Columbia arrived off Balikpapan, Borneo to escort minesweepers.
1 Jul 1945 USS Columbia covered landing operations at Borneo.
2 Jul 1945 USS Columbia provided naval gunfire support for Australian troops fighting on Borneo.
31 Jul 1945 Captain Marcy M. DuPre, Jr. was named the commanding officer of USS Columbia, relieving Captain Maurice E. Curts.
31 Oct 1945 USS Columbia set sail for the United States.
5 Dec 1945 USS Columbia arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States for scheduled overhaul.
1 Jul 1946 USS Columbia completed her duties as a training ship for US Naval Reserve personnel. Commander Henry F. Gorski was named her new commanding officer, relieving Captain Bruce B. Adell.
30 Nov 1946 USS Columbia was decommission from service in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
18 Feb 1959 Columbia was sold to the firm Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company of Chester, Pennsylvania, United States for scrap.
1 Mar 1959 Columbia was struck from US Navy Register.

Photographs

USS Columbia underway, 1943-44.USS Columbia and other warships off Bougainville, Solomon Islands, 1-2 Nov 1943; note crashed Japanese aircraft ahead of USS ColumbiaUSS Columbia bombarding Japanese positions on Bougainville, Solomon islands, 1 Nov 1943USS Columbia underway, late 1944; note Measure 31-32-33 Design 3d camouflage
See all 15 photographs of Light Cruiser USS Columbia (CL-56)



Share this article with your friends:

 Facebook  Reddit
 Twitter  Digg
 Google+  Delicious
 StumbleUpon  


Stay updated with WW2DB:

 RSS Feeds



Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Elmer says:
12 Oct 2016 06:00:43 PM

Trying to confirm that my father,Elmer I. Gage was a boilerman aboard the USS Columbia, circa 1942 -45.
2. Commenter identity confirmed David Stubblebine says:
12 Oct 2016 09:44:57 PM

Muster Rolls for USS Columbia show Apprentice Seaman Elmer Irving Gage, service number 666 33 60, enlisted 24 Jun 1942 at Springfield, Mass, came aboard Columbia on 9 Sep 1942, was promoted to Seaman 1st class on 1 Sep 1943, made his rating as Fireman 2nd class on 1 Oct 1943, and was transferred off the ship on 1 Jan 1944 at Florida Island, Solomon Islands bound for the USA.

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.

Posting Your Comments on this Topic

Your Name
Your Email
 Your email will not be published
Comment Type
Your Comments
Security Code
 

 

Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. Please refrain from using strong language. HTML tags are not allowed. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. WW2DB site administrators reserve the right to moderate, censor, and/or remove any comment. All comment submissions will become the property of WW2DB.

Search WW2DB & Partner Sites
More on USS Columbia
Event(s) Participated:
» Solomon Islands Campaign
» Palau Islands and Ulithi Islands Campaigns
» Philippines Campaign, Phase 1, the Leyte Campaign
» Philippines Campaign, Phase 2
» Borneo Campaign

Light Cruiser USS Columbia (CL-56) Photo Gallery
USS Columbia underway, 1943-44.
See all 15 photographs of Light Cruiser USS Columbia (CL-56)




Famous WW2 Quote
"All right, they're on our left, they're on our right, they're in front of us, they're behind us... they can't get away this time."

Lt. Gen. Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller, at Guadalcanal