Colt M1911A1 Handgun
|Country of Origin||United States|
|Barrel Length||127.800 mm|
|Muzzle Velocity||252 m/s|
Contributor: Alan Chanterww2dbaseIn 1923 the Springfield Armoury comenced work on an improved model of the M1911 pistol, which had been the standard American sidearm during the Great War. Standardized as the M1911A1 in 1926 the reworked weapon would go on to become the U.S. Army's standard sidearm throughout World War II and beyond. Between 1937 and 1945 over 19 million M1911A1 pistols were manufactured, not only by Colt, but also by Ithaca and Remington.
The M1911A1 was a semi-automatic with the seven round magazine in the handgrip. All the user needed to do to fire was to pull the trigger each time he wanted to fire, the next round being automatically placed in the chamber as the spent cartridge case was ejected. The M1911A1 had three safety devices; a grip safety on the handle, the safety lock, and the half cock position on the hammer. The fore sight was of the fixed blade type and the rear sight consisted of a fixed groove.
Like most weapons, it was not perfect. It was considered to be quite heavy and had a significant recoil. Nevertheless it remained in service with the U.S.Army until 1985, when, finally it was superceded by the 9 mm M9 Beretta Double-Action.
Sources: The U.S War Machine (Salamander Books 1978), US Combat-America's land based weapons (Publications International 1990). ww2dbase
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Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943