1 Mar 1945
  • Tony Stein passed away. ww2dbase [Tony Stein | CPC]
  • US Ninth Army captured cities of MĂ¼nchen-Gladback and Rheydt in Germany. On the same day, Dwight Eisenhower approved the commencement of Operation Lumberjack. ww2dbase [Advance to the Rhine | TH, CPC]
  • German Armeegruppe Mitte recaptured Lauban, Germany (now Luban, Poland). ww2dbase [TH]
  • USS Kete departed Guam, Mariana Islands for her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Kete | CPC]
  • Allied troops captured Roermond and Venlo in the Netherlands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Japanese Navy 10th Air Fleet was formed as a training unit with three carrier air groups with Vice Admiral Minoru Maeda in command and Rear Admiral Chikao Yamamoto as his chief of staff. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The Japanese 12th Air Fleet was reorganized to contain one air group and one base force. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German 56th Panzer Corps and 34th Panzer Corps commenced Operation Gemse in the Silesian region of Germany (now Poland), surprising Soviet 3rd Guards Tank Army. ww2dbase [Silesian Offensive and the Siege of Breslau | CPC]
  • Kurt von Cleve was named the civilian administrator of the Channel Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Wasp's aircraft attacked and photographed Japanese positions in the Ryukyu Islands. ww2dbase [Wasp (Essex-class) | CPC]
  • Arthur Chin was officially discharged from the Chinese Air Force so he could join the United States Army Air Forces to fly supplies over the "Hump" of the Himalayas into China. ww2dbase [Arthur Chin | CPC]
  • USS Nicholas arrived at Subic Bay, Luzon, Philippines. ww2dbase [Nicholas | DS]
Burma Caroline Islands Germany
  • Test pilot Lothar Sieber became the first pilot to launch a Ba 349 aircraft. The aircraft was launched from the Lager Heuberg base near Stetten am kalten Markt, Germany. After 50 seconds of flight, the aircraft crashed about 5 miles from the launch site, killing Sieber. The cause was either one of four booster rockets failing to function, or a loose canopy that might have fatally injured Sieber. ww2dbase [Ba 349 Natter | CPC]
  • The USAAF 306th Bomb Group flying from RAF Thurleigh launched a bombing raid against rail facilities at Neckarsulm, Germany. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | RAF Thurleigh | Neckarsulm | DS]
Hawaii Italy
  • Italian Navy Xa MAS reported a strength of 8,395 men. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Air Group 80 from USS Hancock flew 4 strikes and fighter sqaudron VF-80 flew 1 strike against Amami Oshima, Ryuku Islands; no aircraft were lost. ww2dbase [Hancock | Albert O. Vorse, Jr. | Amami Oshima | DS]
  • USS Sterlet sank a Japanese transport in the Izu Islands, Japan, hitting her with three of six torpedoes. ww2dbase [Sterlet | Tokyo | CPC]
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Manila, Philippine Islands; she hit a mine in the Singapore Strait en route to Manila, but was able to arrive under her own power. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | Manila | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Escort carrier USS Card, still in port at Liverpool due to high winds, was struck by the converted liner RMS Empress of Scotland as the troopship was changing berths. Card’s LSO platform and net were damaged. ww2dbase [Card | Liverpool, England | DS]
Photo(s) dated 1 Mar 1945
M4 Sherman tank of 745th Tank Battalion, US 1st Infantry Division at Gladbach, Germany, 1 Mar 1945Contour map of Iwo Jima, showing Japanese defense installations as observed from ground study during the period of 19 Feb-19 Mar 1945, map 1 of 2Bulldozer, Jeep, and other vehicles on an Iwo Jima beach, circa late Feb or early Mar 1945Post office of the US 4th Marine Division, Iwo Jima, 1945
See all photos dated 1 Mar 1945

1 Mar 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935

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