18 Apr 1945
  • Ernie Pyle was killed on Ie Shima off Okinawa, Japan. ww2dbase [Ernie Pyle | CPC]
  • Over 300,000 encircled German troops in the Ruhr region of western Germany surrendered. US First Army entered Düsseldorf. ww2dbase [Fall of the Ruhr | TH]
  • US Ninth Army captured Magdeburg, Germany. ww2dbase [TH]
  • British Second Army captured Lüneburg and Ülzen, Germany. ww2dbase [TH]
  • The Western Allies reported that German prisoners taken since the Normandy invasion had reached two million, with the exact count at 2,055,575. ww2dbase [AC]
  • 2nd Byelorussian Front broke the Oder defensive line between Schwedt and Stettin, Germany. ww2dbase [TH]
  • As some German troops surrendered Helgoland to the Allies peacefully, SS men shot some of them for the traitorous act. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Soviet 1st Byelorussian Front finally penetrated the Seelow Heights defensive lines at Berlin, Germany. Joseph Goebbels burned files in his office as Soviet troops approached. ww2dbase [Battle of Berlin | TH]
  • USS Rock bombarded a Japanese radio station at Batan, Batanes Islands, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Rock | CPC]
  • USS Cabrilla attacked a Japanese convoy off northern Japan with six torpedoes, one of which damaged a transport. ww2dbase [Cabrilla | CPC]
  • USS Parche attacked a Japanese transport east of Kamaichi, Japan; all 3 torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Parche | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse was damaged by two Japanese patrol vessels off Japan; she fired one torpedo in return, but it missed. She set sail for Guam, Mariana Islands for repairs. ww2dbase [Seahorse | CPC]
  • RAF Bomber Command abandoned a plan to use modified Lancaster bombers for in-flight fueling when Tiger Force was deployed to Okinawa, Japan for long-range missions against the Japanese home islands, preferring to wait until the new Avro Lincoln aircraft fitted with saddle tanks can became available. ww2dbase [AC]
Australia Germany
  • US troops began fighting in the old city section of Nürnberg, Germany; meanwhile, US 3rd Army sent units across the Czechoslovakian border. ww2dbase [Southern Germany Campaign | Nürnberg, Franken | TH, CPC]
  • German pilot Johannes Steinhoff was seriously burned during a takeoff accident with his Me 262 jet fighter at München (Munich), Germany. ww2dbase [München, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
  • The column of prisoners of war that SS-Feldgendarmerie personnel forced out of Marlag und Milag Nord prisoners of war camp in Westertimke, Germany on 2 Apr 1945 crossed the River Elbe near Hamburg, Germany. ww2dbase [Marlag und Milag Nord | Ost-Hannover | HM]
Italy Japan Netherlands
  • Canadian tanks reached the shores of the Ijsselmeer lake, effectively cutting off the 120,000 strong German 25th Army in Holland. ww2dbase [AC]
Taiwan Photo(s) dated 18 Apr 1945
Journalist Ernie Pyle shortly after being killed on Ie Shima, 18 Apr 1945Map depicting Allied campaign in the Ruhr, Elbe, and Mulde regions, 5-18 Apr 1945Aviation Ordnanceman 1st Class Billy Simms inspecting the wing guns of a fighter aircraft aboard USS Anzio, 18 Apr 1945A British soldier looked on while SS Guards were forced to load bodies of Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp victims onto a truck, Germany, 17-18 Apr 1945
See all photos dated 18 Apr 1945

18 Apr 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944


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