27 May 1943
  • USS Gar ended her seventh war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Finback sank a Japanese cargo ship east of Philippine Islands, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny refueled at Johnston Island, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied forces landed on Biak Island, New Guinea. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • The first unified meeting of French resistance groups took place, chaired by Jean Moulin; it recognized de Gaulle as the leader of the movement. Moulin would be betrayed to the Gestapo a month later, dying en route to a concentration camp. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Franklin Roosevelt ordered that all defense contracts to be free of racial discrimination. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Samoa, the US 22nd Marine Regiment was reorganized as the Garrison Force, Defense Force, Samoan Group. ww2dbase [CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops launched a major attack against Chinese troops in the Hubei-Hunan border region while 53 vessels ran the gauntlet on the Yangtze River, successfully sailing from Yichang to Wuhan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Fourteen Mosquito bombers from RAF Marham led by Wing Commander R. Reynolds DSO, DFC conducted a daylight raid on the Zeiss optical instrument plant at Jena, some 45 miles from Leipzig, Germany. Despite losing three aircraft over the target and two others written off whilst attempting to land on their return, the operation had caused serious damage to the works. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Hawaii
  • USS Hoe departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Part of Torpedo Squadron 12 (VT-12) departed (Model TBF). Part of British Torpedo Squadron 832 departed. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • While on a search and rescue mission in the Pacific Ocean, the B-24 bomber "The Green Hornet" developed mechanical trouble and crashed 850 miles west of Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii, killing 8 of the 11 crew members. Louis Zamperini, Russell Phillips, and Francis McNamara survived the crash. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • While arming B-17 bombers of the USAAF 92nd Bombardment Group (Heavy) at Station 102 (Alconbury, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom) a 500-pound bomb exploded, killing 16 men with four B-17 bombers destroyed and eleven others damaged. ww2dbase [AC]
United States
  • James Byrnes stepped down as the Director of the Office of Economic Stabilization and was made the Director of the Office of War Mobilization. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Runner departed Midway Atoll for her third war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 May 1943
GMC CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 open cab long wheel base transport with gun ring being prepared for shipment to North Africa, Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States, 27 May 1943King George VI visiting men of No. 617 Squadron RAF at Scampton, England, United Kingdom, 27 May 1943; note Lancaster B Mk I bomber Missing Air Crew Report 16163, page 1 of 2. Report documents the loss of the Russell Phillips crew on May 27, 1943 near Palmyra Atoll. The crew included Louis Zamperini. See comment below.Missing Air Crew Report 16163, page 2 of 2. Report documents the loss of the Russell Phillips crew on May 27, 1943 near Palmyra Atoll. The crew included Louis Zamperini. See comment below.
See all photos dated 27 May 1943

27 May 1943 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Famous WW2 Quote
"Goddam it, you'll never get the Purple Heart hiding in a foxhole! Follow me!"

Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943