27 May 1943
  • The first unified meeting of French resistance groups took place, chaired by Jean Moulin; it recognized de Gaulle as the leader of the movement. Moulin would be betrayed to the Gestapo a month later, dying en route to a concentration camp. ww2dbase [The French Resistance | TH]
  • USS Gar ended her seventh war patrol. ww2dbase [Gar | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt ordered that all defense contracts to be free of racial discrimination. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
  • USS Tunny refueled at Johnston Island, United States. ww2dbase [Tunny | CPC]
  • In Samoa, the US 22nd Marine Regiment was reorganized as the Garrison Force, Defense Force, Samoan Group. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USS Finback sank a Japanese cargo ship east of Philippine Islands, hitting her with 2 of 3 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Finback | CPC]
  • Allied forces landed on Biak Island, New Guinea. ww2dbase [New Guinea-Papua Campaign, Phase 2 | TH]
  • Japanese troops launched a major attack against Chinese troops in the Hubei-Hunan border region while 53 vessels ran the gauntlet on the Yangtze River, successfully sailing from Yichang to Wuhan. ww2dbase [Battle of Exi | CPC]
  • Fourteen Mosquito bombers from RAF Marham led by Wing Commander R. Reynolds DSO, DFC conducted a daylight raid on the Zeiss optical instrument plant at Jena, some 45 miles from Leipzig, Germany. Despite losing three aircraft over the target and two others written off whilst attempting to land on their return, the operation had caused serious damage to the works. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | Jena, Sachsen | AC]
Hawaii Japan Pacific Ocean
  • While on a search and rescue mission in the Pacific Ocean, the B-24 bomber "The Green Hornet" developed mechanical trouble and crashed 850 miles west of Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii, killing 8 of the 11 crew members. Louis Zamperini, Russell Phillips, and Francis McNamara survived the crash. ww2dbase [Louis Zamperini | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • While arming B-17 bombers of the USAAF 92nd Bombardment Group (Heavy) at Station 102 (Alconbury, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom) a 500-pound bomb exploded, killing 16 men with four B-17 bombers destroyed and eleven others damaged. ww2dbase [Huntingdon, England | AC]
United States
  • James Byrnes stepped down as the Director of the Office of Economic Stabilization and was made the Director of the Office of War Mobilization. ww2dbase [James Byrnes | Washington | CPC]
US Pacific Islands Photo(s) dated 27 May 1943
Missing Air Crew Report 16163, page 2 of 2. Report documents the loss of the Russell Phillips crew on May 27, 1943 near Palmyra Atoll. The crew included Louis Zamperini. See comment below.Missing Air Crew Report 16163, page 1 of 2. Report documents the loss of the Russell Phillips crew on May 27, 1943 near Palmyra Atoll. The crew included Louis Zamperini. See comment below.GMC CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 open cab long wheel base transport with gun ring being prepared for shipment to North Africa, Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States, 27 May 1943King George VI inspecting ground crewmen during his visit to No. 617 Squadron (Dambusters) and No. 57 Squadron at RAF Scampton, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom, 27 May 1943; note Lancaster B Mk I bomber
See all photos dated 27 May 1943

27 May 1943 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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