16 Jul 1945
  • USS Blenny reported sinking a small Japanese craft with the deck gun. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • UK Task Force 37 (HMS Victorious, HMS Formidable, and HMS Implacable) made rendezvous with US Task Force 38.2 about 500 miles north of Manus for a raid on the Japanese home islands; they were to be joined by HMS Indefatigable four days later. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Churchill arrived in Berlin, Germany for the Potsdam Conference and visited the bunker where Hitler committed suicide. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • German Field Marshal Ernst Busch, formerly commander of Army Group Centre in Russia and later Army Group Northwest during the final months of the European war, passed away whilst in a military hospital in Nottingham, England, United Kingdom where he was being held as a prisoner of war. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Canadian physicist Louis Slotin assembled the atomic bomb Gadget for Operation Trinity, and received the nickname "Chief Armorer of the United States". ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The headquarters of the US Army Eighth Air Force was ordered to move from Britain to Okinawa, Japan. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • During the day, 5 American P-47 fighters attacked Yanagawa, Japan while 94 American P-51 fighters based in Iwo Jima attacked Kameyama, Kiyosu, Komaki, Okazaki, Suzuko, and Akenogahara. After sundown, four B-29 incendiary bombing missions were launched against Japanese cities, with 119 aircraft over Namazu (destroying 3.6 square kilometers of the city), 124 over Oita (1.437 square kilometers), 94 over Kuwana (1.63 square kilometers), and 129 over Hiratsuka (2.69 square kilometers); damage caused on all four cities were severe. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • 2 B-24 bombers of US Eleventh Air Force searched for Japanese shipping off Shimushiru in the Kurile Islands without success. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Lawrence C. Taylor and TBM Avenger aircraft of Composite Squadron 13 from escort aircraft carrier USS Anzio sank Japanese submarine I-13 860 kilometers east of Yokohama, Japan. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • General Carl Spaatz became the commanding officer of the US Army Strategic Air Forces based at Guam, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Escort carrier USS Bairoko was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of American destroyer Witek was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • In Canada, corvettes HMCS Amherst and Whitby were decommissioned from service at Sydney, Nova Scotia and at Sorel, Quebec, respectively. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The US Military Tribunal at Dachau, Germany sentenced Josef Dietrich to life in prison (later commuted to 25 years in prison) for the execution of US prisoners of war at Malmedy, Belgium in 1944. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Manta arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Baya sank a Japanese coastal patrol vessel off Borneo in the South China Sea, hitting her with 2 of 11 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The cruiser USS Indianapolis sailed from San Francisco, California, United States with a top secret cargo - components of the atomic bomb to be dropped on Hiroshima unless the Japanese surrendered. The Indianapolis would take 10 days to sail to the island of Tinian, Mariana Islands where US B-29 bombers were waiting. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • The Americans successfully detonated an atomic bomb at Alamogordo Bombing Range in New Mexico, United States. The test blast created temperatures 10,000 times the surface temperature of the sun and was felt 200 miles away. The explosion was the equivalent of 20,000 tons of TNT and throws a column of fire and smoke 35,000 feet into the night sky. The authorities hid the blast by claiming that an ammunition dump had gone up. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 16 Jul 1945
ChurchillWilliam Leahy greeting Winston Churchill at Harry TrumanHarry Truman saying goodbye to Mary Churchill after meeting at his residence during Potsdam Conference, Germany, 16 Jul 1945; note presence of Winston Churchill, William Leahy, Dwight Eisenhower, and Harry VaughnChurchill sitting in a damaged chair taken out from Hitler
See all photos dated 16 Jul 1945

16 Jul 1945 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. You win the war by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country!"

George Patton, 31 May 1944