19 Jul 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Davao, Philippine Islands; she was damaged by a mine just prior to arrival. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • G√ľnther von Kluge was appointed the commanding officer of the German Army Group B (Heeresgruppe B). ww2dbase [G√ľnther von Kluge | CPC]
  • USS Rock detected a Japanese convoy in the Luzon Strait and attacked with ten torpedoes. She recorded six detonations, but was not able to observe whether any of the ships sank. ww2dbase [Rock | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt was nominated to run for a fourth term as the President of the United States. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
  • Claus von Stauffenberg was summoned to see Adolf Hitler at Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany on the following day. ww2dbase [July Plot | CPC]
  • USS Pompon departed for her sixth war patrol. ww2dbase [Pompon | CPC]
  • German submarine U-968 was attacked by a British RAF Liberator bomber in the Atlantic Ocean; 1 was killed, 6 were wounded. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of US minesweeper Minivet was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US destroyer Zellars was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Wyman sank Japanese submarine I-5 360 miles east of Guam, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-2502 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-2513 was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-3507 was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British minesweeper HMS Mameluke was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British destroyer HMS Saintes was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Kenneth M. Willet was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • US Far East Air Force dispatched B-24 aircraft to attack Yap, Ngulu, and Sorol in the Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Leng Peishu, flying a P-40N fighter, shot down two Ki-43-II aircraft. He returned to base with a leg wound that would take him out of commission for 10 days. ww2dbase [Leng Peishu | CPC]
  • In France, Canadian troops cleared Caen's southern suburbs, capturing Vaucelles, Louvigny, and Flery-sur-Orne, while British 11th Armoured Division captured Bras and Hubert-Follie. In the afternoon, 262 US 9th Air Force B-26 Marauder and A-20 Havoc aircraft attacked bridges on the Loire River and Seine River and a fuel dump at Bruz, France. ww2dbase [Normandy Campaign, Phase 1 | Caen | TH, CPC]
  • From Britain, US 8th Air Force dispatched 5 B-17 bombers to drop propaganda leaflets in France and Belgium while 5 B-24 bombers paradropped supplies to French resistance fighters. ww2dbase [The French Resistance | CPC]
  • 1,082 B-17 and B-24 bombers, escorted by 670 P-38, P-47, and P-51 fighters attacked factories (hydrogen peroxide, chemical, aircraft, and ball bearing), six rail marshalling yards, a dam, and four airfields in western and southwestern Germany; 17 bombers and 7 fighters were lost. From Italy, US 15th Air Force launched 400 B-17 and B-24 bombers attacked an ordnance depot, an aircraft factory, an automobile factory, and an airfield in the M√ľnchen (Munich) area; 16 US aircraft were lost. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | M√ľnchen, M√ľnchen-Oberbayern | CPC]
  • The USAAF 306th Bomb Group flying from RAF Thurleigh launched a bombing raid against the Messerschmitt factory at Augsburg, Germany. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | RAF Thurleigh | Augsburg | DS]
Guam Hawaii Hungary Italy Latvia
  • Soviet troops crossed the border into Latvia. ww2dbase [CPC]
Mariana Islands Pacific Ocean
  • Submarine USS Tinosa departed the East China Sea bound for Midway. ww2dbase [Tinosa | DS]
  • Soviet NKVD troops allegedly murdered entire inhabitants of a number of villages on the Arabit Spit in eastern Krym (Crimea), Russia; the main ethnicity of those villages was Crimean Tatar. ww2dbase [Deportation of Crimean Tatars | Krym | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Over 45 V-1 flying bombs were shot down by fighters from the RAF squadrons situated in the Counties of Kent and Sussex in Britain, whilst more were shot down into the sea by coastal anti-aircraft batteries. Two Polish Squadrons (306 and 315) accounted for 14 of them, with Flight Sergeant J. Zaworski PAF (306 Squadron) scoring 3 kills within 2 patrols. However more damage was caused by bombs getting through the defences; Wandsworth in south west London and Peckham in the south east had bombs causing fatalities and over 50 houses were condemned after damage assessment. ww2dbase [Vergeltungswaffe 1 | V-Weapons Campaign | London, England | HM]
United States Photo(s) dated 19 Jul 1944
Allied cargo transfer point on Omaha Beach, 19 Jul 1944; note British battleship Centurion in the center of backgroundJapanese-American troops of 100th Infantry Battalion of US 442nd Regimental Combat Team resting on the side of a street in Livorno, Castellina Sector, Italy, 19 Jul 1944A Churchill infantry tank being unloaded from a Diamond T tank transporter, Arezzo, Italy, 19 Jul 1944 BestArmorers SSgt George Townsend and Sgt George Barker make ready the dorsal quad Browning .50 caliber machine guns of a P-61 Black Widow night fighter, Saipan, 19 Jul 1944.

19 Jul 1944 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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