19 Jul 1944
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Davao, Philippine Islands; she was damaged by a mine just prior to arrival. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • USS Pompon departed for her sixth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Rock detected a Japanese convoy in the Luzon Strait and attacked with ten torpedoes. She recorded six detonations, but was not able to observe whether any of the ships sank. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Günther von Kluge was appointed the commanding officer of the German Army Group B (Heeresgruppe B). ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt was nominated to run for a fourth term as the President of the United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Raoul Wallenberg might have met with Adolf Eichmann at the Hotel Majestic in Budapest, Hungary. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Claus von Stauffenberg was summoned to see Adolf Hitler at Rastenburg, East Prussia, Germany on the following day. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-968 was attacked by a British RAF Liberator bomber in the Atlantic Ocean; 1 was killed, 6 were wounded. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of US minesweeper Minivet was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US destroyer Zellars was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Wyman sank Japanese submarine I-5 360 miles east of Guam, Mariana Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German submarine U-2502 was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-2513 was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • The keel of German submarine U-3507 was laid down. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British minesweeper HMS Mameluke was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British destroyer HMS Saintes was launched. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Destroyer escort USS Kenneth M. Willet was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • US Far East Air Force dispatched B-24 aircraft to attack Yap, Ngulu, and Sorol in the Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Leng Peishu, flying a P-40N fighter, shot down two Ki-43-II aircraft. He returned to base with a leg wound that would take him out of commission for 10 days. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In France, Canadian troops cleared Caen's southern suburbs, capturing Vaucelles, Louvigny, and Flery-sur-Orne, while British 11th Armoured Division captured Bras and Hubert-Follie. In the afternoon, 262 US 9th Air Force B-26 Marauder and A-20 Havoc aircraft attacked bridges on the Loire River and Seine River and a fuel dump at Bruz, France. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • From Britain, US 8th Air Force dispatched 5 B-17 bombers to drop propaganda leaflets in France and Belgium while 5 B-24 bombers paradropped supplies to French resistance fighters. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • 1,082 B-17 and B-24 bombers, escorted by 670 P-38, P-47, and P-51 fighters attacked factories (hydrogen peroxide, chemical, aircraft, and ball bearing), six rail marshalling yards, a dam, and four airfields in western and southwestern Germany; 17 bombers and 7 fighters were lost. From Italy, US 15th Air Force launched 400 B-17 and B-24 bombers attacked an ordnance depot, an aircraft factory, an automobile factory, and an airfield in the München (Munich) area; 16 US aircraft were lost. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Croaker departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • USS Seahorse sank arrived at Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, ending her fifth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Barbers Point Naval Air Station: Pouring began on the foundation for the engine overahaul facility. ww2dbase [Main Article | DS]
  • US 34th Division captured Livorno, Italy. The Germans set up about 25,000 booby traps as they evacuated the city. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH, CPC]
  • Soviet troops crossed the border into Latvia. ww2dbase [CPC]
Mariana Islands
  • In the Mariana Islands, US 7th Air Force launched P-47 aircraft based on Saipan to attack Tinian. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet NKVD troops allegedly murdered entire inhabitants of a number of villages on the Arabit Spit in eastern Krym (Crimea), Russia; the main ethnicity of those villages was Crimean Tatar. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Jul 1944
Allied cargo transfer point on Omaha Beach, 19 Jul 1944; note British battleship Centurion in the center of backgroundJapanese-American troops of 100th Infantry Battalion of US 442nd Regimental Combat Team resting on the side of a street in Livorno, Castellina Sector, Italy, 19 Jul 1944

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

19 Jul 1944 Interactive Map

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"Among the men who fought on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue."

Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945