14 Nov 1878

Italy
18 Mar 1903

Italy
1 Sep 1940

Italy
  • The Italian Navy established a frogmen training school at the Naval Academy at Livorno, Italy under the command of Lieutenant Wolk. ww2dbase [Livorno, Toscana | CPC]
28 Oct 1940

Italy
  • Adolf Hitler traveled to Florence, Italy for a meeting with Benito Mussolini in an attempt to stop the Italians from attacking Greece, but it was too late. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | Florence, Toscana | TH]
  • At the Axis leaders' meeting in Florence, Italy, Adolf Hitler told Benito Mussolini that "Germany could make available a division of airborne troops and a division of parachute troops" should he wish to invade Crete, Greece. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | Balkans Campaign | Florence, Toscana | AC]
28 Mar 1943

Italy
19 Mar 1944

Italy
  • Allies launched Operation Strangle, which was consisted of air interdiction attacks on the rail yards at Sienna, Italy. ww2dbase [Sienna, Toscana | TH]
17 Jun 1944

Italy
1 Jul 1944

Italy
2 Jul 1944

Italy
3 Jul 1944

Italy
15 Jul 1944

Italy
16 Jul 1944

Italy
19 Jul 1944

Italy Photo(s) dated 19 Jul 1944
A Churchill infantry tank being unloaded from a Diamond T tank transporter, Arezzo, Italy, 19 Jul 1944 Best
23 Jul 1944

Italy
4 Aug 1944

Italy
24 Sep 1944

Italy
21 Dec 1944

Italy
  • Italian Marshal Rodolfo Graziani and General Mario Carloni inspected troops of the 4th Alpine Division "Monte Rosa" in the Garfagnana area of Toscana, Italy. ww2dbase [Battle of Garfagnana | Toscana | CPC]
26 Dec 1944

Italy
  • Two Italian divisions and three German battalions launched an offensive in Toscana, Italy, capturing several towns and villages. On the same day, 19th Infantry Brigade of Indian 8th Infantry Division began to arrive in the region. ww2dbase [Battle of Garfagnana | Toscana | CPC]
  • In order to blunt the spearhead of a German advance at Sommocolonia, Toscana, Italy, US artillery observer John Fox called in strikes progressively closer to his own position until he called a strike on the house where he was located. He was killed by the final artillery barrage, along with approximately 100 German soldiers. ww2dbase [Gothic Line Offensive | John Fox | Sommocolonia, Toscana | CPC]
27 Dec 1944

Italy
  • Axis troops captured Pian di Coreglia, Italy and would penetrate the Allied lines by 25 kilometers by the afternoon. The presence of fresh Indian troops, however, stopped the Axis momentum. ww2dbase [Battle of Garfagnana | Pian di Coreglia, Toscana | CPC]
28 Dec 1944

Italy
  • 21st Brigade of Indian 8th Infantry Division arrived on the western end of the German Gothic Line in Toscana, Italy. ww2dbase [Battle of Garfagnana | Toscana | CPC]
29 Dec 1944

Italy
  • Indian troops advanced to make contact with Axis troops that had recently attacked in Toscana, Italy but seemed to have fallen back. ww2dbase [Battle of Garfagnana | Toscana | CPC]
30 Dec 1944

Italy
  • Allied troops regained most of the territory lost in Tuscany, Italy over the past few days from the latest Axis offensive. ww2dbase [Battle of Garfagnana | Toscana | CPC]
21 Apr 1945

Italy
  • Daniel Inouye led his platoon in destroying three German machine gun positions on the Gothic Line near San Terenzo, Italy, suffering a bullet wound in the stomach, a severed arm, and a bullet wound in the leg in the process. ww2dbase [Daniel Inouye | Toscana | CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, 16 Mar 1945


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