21 Jan 1943
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul and departed later on the same day. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | CPC]
  • Soviet troops captured Voroshilovsky and Stavropol in the Caucasus region of southern Russia, claiming 500,000 German dead and 200,000 Germans captured in the last two months of fighting. ww2dbase [Caucasus Campaign | TH]
  • Allied leadership issued the directive to RAF and USAAF commanders "[y]our primary objective will be the progressive destruction and dislocation of the German military, industrial and economic system, and the undermining of the morale of the German people to a point where their capacity for armed resistance is fatally wounded." ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | CPC]
  • USS Gato attacked a Japanese convoy east of Kieta, Bougainville, Solomon Islands, damaging one transport. ww2dbase [Gato | CPC]
  • USS Pollack attacked a Japanese cargo ship off Honshu, Japan with two torpedoes; both torpedoes missed. ww2dbase [Pollack | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • Allied aircraft attacked Rabaul, New Britain, sinking small freighter Tetsusan Maru. ww2dbase [Rabaul, New Britain | CPC]
Caroline Islands
  • Repair ship Akashi began repairing destroyers Uzuki and Suzukaze at Truk, Caroline Islands. ww2dbase [Akashi | Truk | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler told Ambassador Hiroshi Oshima that he would welcome Japanese assistance in defeating Russia. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | AC]
United States
  • The United States Marine Corps established the Marine Fleet Air, West Coast at San Diego, California, United States to oversee all Fleet Marine Force aviation operations and to supply personnel and materiel to Marine Aircraft Wings, Pacific. ww2dbase [San Diego, California | CPC]
  • Yorktown (Essex-class) launched at Newport News, Virginia, United States sponsored by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt. ww2dbase [Yorktown (Essex-class) | Norfolk, Virginia | DS]
Photo(s) dated 21 Jan 1943
Submarine Oberon underway off Spithead, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom, 21 Jan 1943German Army 7.5 cm Gebirgsgeschütz 36 mountain gun operating at 3,000-meter altitude in the Caucasus Mountains in southern Russia, 21 Jan 1943Destroyed Red October factory in Stalingrad, Russia, 21 Jan 1943Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox, left, touring Guadalcanal with Adm Nimitz, Adm Halsey, and Army Gen J Lawton Collins, Jan 21, 1943. Apparently no one thought to tell Knox his helmet was on backwards.

21 Jan 1943 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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