10 Mar 1942
  • USS Yorktown launched aircraft to attack the Japanese invasion force at New Guinea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Lexington launched aircraft to attack the Japanese invasion force at New Guinea. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru arrived at Rabaul. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • US Army General MacArthur once again received orders to evacuate Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-588 sank US tanker Gulftrade 10 kilometers southeast of Toms River, New Jersey, United States at 0632 hours; 18 were killed, 16 survived. At 2310 hours, 400 miles northeast of British Virgin Islands, Italian submarine Finzi sank Norwegian ship Charles Racine; all 41 aboard survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • German submarine U-161 sank Canadian passenger ship Lady Nelson (25 were killed, 204 survived) and British freighter Umtata (4 were killed, 169 survived) off Port Castries, Saint Lucia at 0449 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japanese submarine I-62 sank British sailing ship Lakshmi Govinda with gunfire 470 miles east of Madras, India. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Clive Caldwell of No. 112 Squadron RAAF made the first 250-pound bomb drop from a Kittybomber. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Skipjack arrived at Fremantle, Australia, ending her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Jack Heyn arrived in Charters Towers, Australia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australian New Guinea
  • USAAF B-17, B-24, B-25, and A-20 bombers, escorted by USAAF P-38 fighters, attacked a Japanese convoy unloading supplies near Lae, Australian Territory of New Guinea. In a separate effort, 104 carrier aircraft from USS Lexington and USS Yorktown attacked the Japanese invasion fleet in Huon Gulf to the north of the landing beaches, sinking armed merchant cruiser Kongo Maru, auxiliary minelayer Tenyo Maru, and transport Yokohama Maru while damaging several other ships; one Dauntless dive bomber was lost in the attack, while the Japanese lost 350 troops on the transports alone. On land, Japanese consolidated the beachhead with landings at Finschhafen, while Japanese engineers reported that the airstrips at Lae and Salamaua were now ready for action; later on the same day, aircraft of the Japanese 4th Air Group would begin to arrive at Lae and Salamaua. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • 18 Japanese aircraft bombed Port Moresby, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Japanese 55th Infantry Division began pursuing the retreating British troops from Rangoon, Burma. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Headquarters Burma Army (Lieutenant-General Thomas Hutton) relocated to Maymyo, the pleasant summer capital of Burma. ww2dbase [AC]
Christmas Island
  • After dark and into the next morning, Indian troops on Christmas Island, led by Sikh policemen, mutinied and killed five of their British officers and imprisoned 21 Europeans. ww2dbase [CPC]
Dutch East Indies Germany
  • Overnight, 62 RAF bombers attacked Essen, Germany, damaging railways leading to Krupp factories, killing 6 civilians and wounding 12. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • At Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii, Joseph Rochefort concluded that the target AF which had appeared in Japanese radio messages in the past few days referred to either Johnston, Palmyra, or Midway, and he promptly sent out warnings to all three locations. Privately, he reported to his superiors that Midway was the likely target. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • Twelve US Marine fighters based at Midway Atoll, commanded by Captain Robert M. Haynes, intercepted and shot down a Japanese H6K flying boat. ww2dbase [CPC]
Panama Canal Zone
  • USS S-31 began her first defensive patrol off the Panama Canal Zone. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Jonathan Wainright's car was strafed by Japanese fighters on Bataan Peninsula, Luzon, Philippine Islands in the morning as he inspected forward areas. At noon, he traveled to Corregidor as requested by Douglas MacArthur, who informed him that President Franklin Roosevelt had ordered MacArthur to depart. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Soviet transport Kiev and merchant ship El Occidente, both of which fell out of Allied convoy PQ-12 several days prior, arrived at Iokanka, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US Marine Corps purchased the 132,000-acre Santa Margarita Ranch situated north of San Diego, California, United States for a future base; it would become Camp Pendleton later in the year. ww2dbase [CPC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

10 Mar 1942 Interactive Map

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"With Germany arming at breakneck speed, England lost in a pacifist dream, France corrupt and torn by dissension, America remote and indifferent... do you not tremble for your children?"

Winston Churchill, 1935