1 Jul 1944
  • Cruiser Köln began a three-month training operation. ww2dbase [Köln | CPC]
  • USS Tang sank Japanese freighter Taiun Maru No. 2 in the morning, and chased tanker Takatori Maru all day, finally sinking the tanker after sundown. ww2dbase [Tang | CPC]
  • 5th Guards Tank Army of the Soviet 3rd Byelorussian Front captured Borisov, Byelorussia. ww2dbase [Operation Bagration | TH]
  • The Bretton Woods conference opened to discuss financial and economic concerns in post-war Europe; International Monetary Fund for Reconstruction and Development would be established as the result. ww2dbase [TH]
  • US 83rd Infantry Division became part of the US VII Corps. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Russian fighter ace Grigori Rechkalov received his second Hero of the Soviet Union award when his score stood at 48 individual and six shared victories. Rechkalov would be relieved of his command by General Utin shortly after for "lack of leadership" but would eventually be officially listed as the Soviet Union's third highest scoring ace of all time with 57 aerial victories credited to his name. ww2dbase [AC]
  • USS Pintado arrived ta Majuro, Marshall Islands, ending her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Pintado | CPC]
  • Mariya Dolina was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for the second time. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Oberleutnant zur See Heinrich Miede was made the commanding officer of U-56, relieving Werner Sausmikat. She was assigned to 19th Flotilla to serve as a school boat. ww2dbase [U-56 | CPC]
  • Escort carrier USS Bogue and her task group departed Bermuda bound for Norfolk, Virginia. ww2dbase [Bogue | Port Royal Bay | DS]
French Syria and Lebanon
  • Greek 3rd Mountain Brigade was activated in French Syria-Lebanon under the command of Colonel Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Josias was promoted to the rank of General der Waffen-SS. ww2dbase [Josias | CPC]
  • The Blohm und Voss shipyard in Hamburg, Germany began employing forced laborers provided by a subcamp of Neuengamme concentration camp. ww2dbase [Blohm und Voss | Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Hamburg | CPC]
  • U-822 was commissioned into service with Oberleutnant zur See Josef Elsinghorst in command. ww2dbase [U-822 | CPC]
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller was mad the commanding officer of all occupation forces at Crete, Greece. ww2dbase [Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller | Crete | CPC]
Hawaii Italy Japan
  • Japanese hospital ship Hikawa Maru departed Yokosuka, Japan for her 20th voyage with the Japanese Navy. ww2dbase [Hikawa Maru | Yokosuka, Kanagawa | CPC]
  • Nachi began a period of guard ship duty at Ominato Guard District, Mutsu, Aomori Prefecture, Japan. ww2dbase [Nachi | Mutsu, Aomori | CPC]
  • The keel of landing ship No. 160 was laid down by Hitachi Zosen. ww2dbase [No. 101/103-class | CPC]
Marshall Islands
  • USS Corregidor began guarding the US logistics force off Eniwetok, Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Corregidor | Eniwetok | CPC]
  • The Taichu Prisoners of War Camp near Taichu (now Taichung), Taiwan was closed; on the same day, the Inrin Prisoners of War Camp in central Taiwan was opened. ww2dbase [Taichu | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • V-1 flying bombs destroyed 60 houses and killed three residents in Brixton, south London, England, United Kingdom. Another 10 fatalities were caused during the morning in Gibbs Square, Upper Norwood and Lunham Road, Gypsy Hill, both also in London. In the afternoon the Colindale Hospital in Hendon was hit resulting in 5 airmen, 4 WAAFs and a civilian nurse being killed. The death toll rose in the afternoon with hits on the Goat public house, Bermondsey (18 killed) and over 250 seriously injured when the Corporation Refuse Destructor chimney was brought down on houses. A total of 61 people in South London perished during the day. ww2dbase [Vergeltungswaffe 1 | V-Weapons Campaign | London, England | HM]
United States Photo(s) dated 1 Jul 1944
View looking west on NormandyJapanese prisoners of war practising baseball at No. 12 Prisoner of War compound near Cowra, NSW, Australia, 1 Jul 1944Aviation Approach Chart for Naval Air Station Kahului, Maui, US Territory of Hawaii, dated 1 Jul 1944Finnish soldiers during Battle of Tali-Ihantala, late Jun or early Jul 1944; note German panzerfaust anti-armor weapon
See all photos dated 1 Jul 1944

1 Jul 1944 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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