23 Sep 1944
  • Canadian troops formed a bridgehead across the Escaut Canal in Belgium. ww2dbase [TH]
  • Franklin Roosevelt denounced Republican Party attacks during a speech at the Teamster's Union dinner; the Republicans had accused Roosevelt of inappropriately using a US Navy destroyer to fetch his pet dog Fala, abusing his presidential powers. ww2dbase [Franklin Roosevelt | CPC]
  • The tiny republic of San Marino in northern Italy declared war on Germany after its 300-man army was rounded up by a mere platoon of German soldiers. ww2dbase [AC]
  • The Republic of China established the Order of Loyalty and Diligence. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Patrick Hurley asked Chiang Kaishek to accept communist assistance in the war against Japan; Chiang rejected the request. ww2dbase [Patrick Hurley | CPC]
  • USS Nicholas arrived at Hollandia, New Guinea. ww2dbase [Nicholas | DS]
Australia Estonia France
  • After a six-day siege, Canadian troops forced the German troops at Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, France to surrender. The Canadians suffered 634 casualties and captured 9,500 prisoners (many driven from their bunkers by driving flame down the ventilation shafts). ww2dbase [Normandy Campaign, Phase 2 | Boulogne, Nord-Pas-de-Calais | AC]
  • Destroyer USS Shaw departed Guam for Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands. ww2dbase [Shaw | Apra | DS]
  • Soviet and Romanian forces entered Hungary just beyond Arad, Romania. Hungarian Baron Ede Atzel led a delegation across the Soviet front lines in an attempt to negotiate an armistice. ww2dbase [Budapest Strategic Offensive Operation | TH, CPC]
  • Irako dropped anchor between Tangat Island and Lusong Island just off the southern coast of Busuanga, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Irako | Busuanga, Palawan | CPC]
  • Kamoi refueled submarine chaser CH-30 and submarine chaser CH-33 at Coron Bay, Palawan, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Kamoi | Coron Bay, Palawan | CPC]
  • Allied convoy JW-60 arrived at the Kola Inlet near Murmansk, Russia. ww2dbase [Arctic Convoys | Murmansk | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • No. 56 Squadron RAF was transferred out of RAF Newchurch in southern England, United Kingdom; the field ceased operations upon No. 56 Squadron's exit. ww2dbase [RAF Newchurch | Newchurch, England | CPC]
  • A V-1 flying bomb over flew the town of Newmarket, Suffolk, England, United Kingdom and crashed near Burwell in Cambridgeshire. The pilot, at the rank of flight officer, of the 501 Squadron had been chasing the bomb and had reached overtaking speed when the engine of his Tempest aircraft seized up. He had seconds to gain a little height and turn to the west to avoid the marshlands and bale out. He saw the aircraft crash into a barn and explode whilst he landed in a cherry tree outside the Leather Bottle Inn. It was there that he was rescued by a Royal Engineer Officer before being held in a Police Station for 2 hours awaiting proper identification. The fault in the Tempest aircraft was traced to an air lock when fuel tanks were switched over. ww2dbase [Tempest | V-Weapons Campaign | Burwell, England | HM]
  • The 306th Bomb Group and the air base at RAF Thurleigh had a change of command with Lieutenant Colonel James Sutton relieving Colonel George Robinson. ww2dbase [RAF Thurleigh | Thurleigh, England | DS]
United States
  • USS Charr was commissioned into service at 1030 hours at the US Submarine Base, New London, Connecticut, United States with Commander Francis Boyle in command. ww2dbase [Charr | New London, Connecticut | CPC]
  • Joseph Rochefort was promoted to the rank of captain. His superior Joseph Redman sent him a three-word letter "Delivered with congratulations" for this occasion. ww2dbase [Joseph Rochefort | CPC]
  • USS Boarfish was commissioned into service with Commander Royce L. Gross in command. ww2dbase [Boarfish | CPC]
US Pacific Islands
  • USS Croaker completed her refitting at Midway and began her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Croaker | Midway Bases | Midway | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Sep 1944
He Yingqin, Donald Nelson, Joseph Stilwell, Patrick Hurley in Chongqing, China, Sep 1944British Royal Engineers 1st Para Squadron Cpl John Humphreys, Cpl Charles Weir, Lt Dennis Simpson, Cpt Eric Mackay at Nijmegen, Holland, recreating their escape from German captivity, 23 Sep 1944US soldiers instructing Chinese soldiers on the use of a 60-mm mortar at the Kunming Infantry School, Yunnan Province, China, 23 Sep 1944Four British paratroopers with Sten sub-machineguns moving through a shell-damaged house in Oosterbeek, the Netherlands to which they had retreated after being driven out of Arnhem, 23 Sep 194
See all photos dated 23 Sep 1944

23 Sep 1944 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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"Goddam it, you'll never get the Purple Heart hiding in a foxhole! Follow me!"

Captain Henry P. Jim Crowe, Guadalcanal, 13 Jan 1943

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