5 Jan 1919

Germany
  • Germans Anton Drexler, Gottfried Feder, Dietrich Eckart, Karl Harrer, and 20 others formally named their small political group the German Workers' Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) in Munich, Germany. The party aimed to support middle-class citizens of the Aryan race. This party was the forerunner of the Nazi Party. ww2dbase [München, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
1 Apr 1931

Germany
19 Jan 1932

Germany
  • Joseph Goebbels and Adolf Hitler travelled to Munich, Germany together; en route, Goebbels attempted to convince Adolf Hitler to run for the office of the President of Germany. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | München, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
9 Mar 1933

Germany
20 Mar 1933

Germany
22 Mar 1933

Germany
24 May 1933

Photo(s) dated 24 May 1933
SS Guards, Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 24 May 1933Prisoners at Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 24 May 1933 Prisoners moving a heavy wagon, Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 24 May 1933
10 Jun 1933

Photo(s) dated 10 Jun 1933
Prisoners, Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 10 Jun 1933
26 Jun 1933

Germany
1 Oct 1933

Germany
9 Nov 1933

Photo(s) dated 9 Nov 1933
Adolf Hitler in a parade through München, Germany, 9 Nov 1933
16 Feb 1934

Photo(s) dated 16 Feb 1934
Children at Schönbrunn Psychiatric Hospital near Dachau, Germany, 16 Feb 1934Children with Downs syndrome at Schönbrunn Psychiatric Hospital near Dachau, Germany, 16 Feb 1934
1 Jul 1934

Germany
  • On Adolf Hitler's orders, Ernst Röhm, the head of the SA, was shot in a cell at Stadelheim prison in München (Munich), Germany by Theodor Eicke, the SS Commandant of the local Dachau Concentration Camp. ww2dbase [München, München-Oberbayern | AC]
4 Jul 1934

Germany
22 Oct 1934

Germany
1 Dec 1934

Germany
12 Jan 1935

Germany
31 Mar 1936

Germany
8 May 1936

Photo(s) dated 8 May 1936
SS personnel at Dachau Concentration Camp during SS-Reichsführer Heinrich HimmlerSS-Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler and Rudolf Heß viewing a model of the Dachau Concentration Camp, Dachau, Germany, 8 May 1936SS-Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler visiting Dachau Concentration Camp, Dachau, Germany, 8 May 1936League of German Girls leaders visiting Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 8 May 1936
13 Jun 1937

Germany
  • Chinese Minister of Finance Kong Xiangxi (Wade-Giles: Kung Hsiang-hsi; alternate: H. H. Kung) met with Adolf Hitler at Berghof, Berchtesgaden, Germany. Kong persuaded Hitler to place more distance between Germany and Japan, while Hitler offered Kong German industrial investment in China and a loan (the latter of which was rejected). ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | Kong Xiangxi | Berchtesgaden, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 13 Jun 1937
Visiting Chinese diplomat with Adolf HitlerOberscharführer of the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler at Berghof, Berchtesgaden, Germany, 13 Jun 1937Berghof, Berchtesgaden, Germany, 13 Jun 1937Adolf Hitler at Berghof, Berchtesgaden, Germany, 13 Jun 1937
See all photos dated 13 Jun 1937
9 Jun 1938

Germany
28 Jun 1938

Photo(s) dated 28 Jun 1938
Prisoners, Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 28 Jun 1938Prisoners, Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 28 Jun 1938Prisoners, Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 28 Jun 1938Prisoners, Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 28 Jun 1938
See all photos dated 28 Jun 1938
20 Jul 1938

Photo(s) dated 20 Jul 1938
Prisoners, Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 20 Jul 1938Prisoners, Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 20 Jul 1938Prisoners, Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 20 Jul 1938Prisoners, Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 20 Jul 1938
See all photos dated 20 Jul 1938
19 Sep 1938

Photo(s) dated 19 Sep 1938
Neville Chamberlain and Benito Mussolini at the Führerbau building in München, Germany, 19 Sep 1938, photo 1 of 2
29 Sep 1938

Germany
  • The Munich Conference between Hitler, Chamberlain, Mussolini, and Daladier took place at the Führerbau building in München in Germany, during which Britain and France ceded Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia to Germany in an attempt to avoid war. The two Czechoslovakian representatives at the conference were locked in an adjacent room, not permitted to actually participating in the negotiations. ww2dbase [Munich Conference and the Annexation of Sudetenland | München, München-Oberbayern | TH]
Photo(s) dated 29 Sep 1938
Chamberlain, Daladier, Hitler, Mussolini, and Ciano at the Munich Conference, Germany, 29 Sep 1938Chamberlain (covered by Hitler), Hitler, Mussolini, and Daladier negotiating at the Munich Conference, Germany, 29 Sep 1938, photo 1 of 2Mussolini, Hitler, and Chamberlain at the Munich Conference, Germany, 29 Sep 1938; the man between Hitler and Chamberlain was HitlerMussolini, Hitler, Daladier, and interpretor Schmidt, Munich Conference, Germany, 29 Sep 1938
See all photos dated 29 Sep 1938
30 Sep 1938

Germany
  • Shortly after midnight, Adolf Hitler, Neville Chamberlain, Benito Mussolini, and Édouard Daladier, in that order, signed the Munich Agreement at the Führerbau building in München in Germany, which ceded Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia to Germany; the actual document was backdated to the previous day, 29 Sep 1938. ww2dbase [Munich Conference and the Annexation of Sudetenland | München, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Sep 1938
Ribbentrop, Chamberlain, and Hitler at the Munich Conference, Germany, 30 Sep 1938Prime Minister Daladier and Ambassador Francois-Poncet speaking during a break, Munich Conference, Germany, 30 Sep 1938French Prime Minister Daladier signing the Munich Agreement, 30 Sep 1938; note Galeazzo Ciano in background and Joachim von RIbbentrop pointingBenito Mussolini receiving flowers from a member of the League of German Girls, Munich, Germany, 30 Sep 1938
See all photos dated 30 Sep 1938
24 Oct 1938

Germany
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop met with Polish ambassador Józef Lipski at Berchtesgaden in southern Germany. During the meeting, he noted that Danzig was German and Germany wanted to see it back within German borders. He also noted that Germany wanted to build a highway and a railway through western Poland to connect East Prussia with the main German territory, and that Germany would like to have Poland join the Anti-Comintern Pact. ww2dbase [The Danzig Crisis | Berchtesgaden, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
7 Jan 1939

Germany
29 Aug 1939

Germany
  • Adolf Hitler summoned the three leading representatives of the German armed forces, Walther von Brauchitsch, Hermann Göring, and Erich Raeder together with senior Army commanders to his mountain villa at Obersalzberg in southern Germany, where he announced the details of the recently-signed Soviet-German non-aggression pact, the plan to isolate and destroy Poland, and the formation of a buffer state in conquered Poland against the Soviet Union. ww2dbase [Invasion of Poland | Berchtesgaden, München-Oberbayern | AC]
9 Sep 1939

Germany
27 Sep 1939

Germany
8 Nov 1939

Germany
  • An assassination attempt on Hitler by German carpenter Georg Elser failed at the annual commemoration of the Beer Hall Putsch in München, Germany. Ostensibly, Hitler and other top Nazi leaders escaped death because Hitler had ended his speech early and left the building eight minutes before the bomb planted by Elser detonated (which killed 8 and wounded 65). In actuality, however, it had been planned by Hitler to elevate his own standing in Germany and to create a situation where he could blame the western powers for an assassination attempt. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | München, München-Oberbayern | TH]
11 Nov 1939

Germany
4 Jun 1940

Germany
  • French l'Armee d'Aire attacked München (Munich) and Frankfurt in Germany in response to the German bombing of Paris, France on the previous day. ww2dbase [München, München-Oberbayern | TH]
18 Jun 1940

Germany
11 Jul 1940

Germany
  • A meeting between Admiral Erich Raeder and Adolf Hitler took place at the Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Germany where matters of how things were in Norway and Hitler's plans for that area were made clear. How to continue the war against Britain was discussed and again Hitler made it clear of his aims and that no invasion was to take place until all efforts had been made to bring the British government to sue for peace. However, within the next few days Hitler would change his mind. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | Erich Raeder | Berchtesgaden, München-Oberbayern | CPC, HM]
31 Jul 1940

Germany
  • At Adolf Hitler's residence near Berchtesgaden, München-Oberbayern, Germany, German military leaders were advised of Hitler's plan to attack the Soviet Union. Hitler made it clear that an invasion of the USSR was a way of securing mastery of Europe, as the fall of the USSR would certainly force Britain to surrender. The military leaders were told to expect the invasion to start in May 1941, and would likely last about five months. ww2dbase [Operation Barbarossa | Berchtesgaden, München-Oberbayern | TH]
8 Jan 1941

Germany
  • Adolf Hitler hosted a two-day military conference at his Berghof residence in southern Germany, where he stated that Germany would continue to support Italian efforts in North Africa despite it being a secondary theater, the Soviet Union must be brought down, southern France might need to be occupied, and, for the first time, told the military leaders to prepare Germany for the possibility of American entry into the war. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | Berchtesgaden, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
9 Jan 1941

Germany
19 Jan 1941

Germany
  • Benito Mussolini visited Adolf Hitler at Berchtesgaden in Germany, accepting German assistance in North Africa, but not Albania. Hitler noted that he would launch an invasion of Greece if British troops there began to threaten the oil refineries at Ploiesti, Romania. ww2dbase [Balkans Campaign | Berchtesgaden, München-Oberbayern | TH]
20 Jan 1941

Germany
  • At Adolf Hitler's Berghof residence near Berchtesgaden, Germany, Hitler mentioned to Benito Mussolini and Galeazzo Ciano that Germany viewed the Soviet Union as a threat, but did not reveal the plan to invade. ww2dbase [Operation Barbarossa | Berchtesgaden, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jan 1941
Himmler and Mussert at Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 20 Jan 1941, photo 1 of 2Himmler and Mussert at Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 20 Jan 1941, photo 2 of 2
18 Feb 1941

Germany
  • Adolf Hitler met with tank generals and tank designers at his residence Berghof in southern Germany. He insisted on using larger (either 50-millimeter or 75-millimeter) high velocity guns for Panzer III and Panzer IV tanks. He also demanded some soldiers to be released from the front to man tank factories. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | Berchtesgaden, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler met with tank generals and tank designers at his residence Berghof in southern Germany. He insisted on using larger (either 50-millimeter or 75-millimeter) high velocity guns for Panzer III and Panzer IV tanks. He also demanded some soldiers to be released from the front to man tank factories. ww2dbase [Adolf Hitler | Berchtesgaden, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
12 May 1941

Germany
26 May 1941

Germany
  • Adolf Hitler met with tank generals and tank designers at his residence Berghof in southern Germany. In a similar meeting three months prior he had asked for 75-millimeter guns for Panzer III and Panzer IV tanks. Because 75-millimeter guns relied on special tungsten shells, Hitler now asked for 88-millimeter guns to be used for future heavy tanks. He also demanded 100-millimeter frontal armor and 60-millimeter side armor. ww2dbase [PzKpfw VI Ausf. E 'Tiger I' | Berchtesgaden, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler met with tank generals and tank designers at his residence Berghof in southern Germany. In a similar meeting three months prior he had asked for 75-millimeter guns for Panzer III and Panzer IV tanks. Because 75-millimeter guns relied on special tungsten shells, Hitler now asked for 88-millimeter guns to be used for future heavy tanks. He also demanded 100-millimeter frontal armor and 60-millimeter side armor. ww2dbase [PzKpfw VI Ausf. E 'Tiger I' | Berchtesgaden, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
15 Oct 1941

Germany
25 Nov 1941

Germany
3 Jan 1942

Germany
1 Sep 1942

Germany
22 Sep 1942

Photo(s) dated 22 Sep 1942
Hitler greeting Pavelic at his Berghof residence near Berchtesgaden, Germany, 22 Sep 1942
10 Oct 1942

Germany
22 May 1943

Germany
  • Adolf Hitler, Erhard Milch, Adolf Galland, Willy Messerschmitt and others previewed the Me 262 jet fighter at Lechfeld, München-Oberbayern, Germany. Hitler liked the jet and demanded it to be used as a bomber. ww2dbase [Me 262 Schwalbe | Lagerlechfeld, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
30 Sep 1943

Germany
31 Oct 1943

Germany
31 Mar 1944

Germany
14 Jul 1944

Germany
19 Jul 1944

Germany
  • 1,082 B-17 and B-24 bombers, escorted by 670 P-38, P-47, and P-51 fighters attacked factories (hydrogen peroxide, chemical, aircraft, and ball bearing), six rail marshalling yards, a dam, and four airfields in western and southwestern Germany; 17 bombers and 7 fighters were lost. From Italy, US 15th Air Force launched 400 B-17 and B-24 bombers attacked an ordnance depot, an aircraft factory, an automobile factory, and an airfield in the München (Munich) area; 16 US aircraft were lost. ww2dbase [Bombing of Hamburg, Dresden, and Other Cities | München, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
11 Sep 1944

Germany
12 Sep 1944

Germany
13 Sep 1944

Germany
1 Nov 1944

Germany
24 Mar 1945

Germany
6 Apr 1945

Germany
10 Apr 1945

Germany
14 Apr 1945

Germany
18 Apr 1945

Germany
  • German pilot Johannes Steinhoff was seriously burned during a takeoff accident with his Me 262 jet fighter at München (Munich), Germany. ww2dbase [München, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
19 Apr 1945

Germany
24 Apr 1945

Germany
25 Apr 1945

Germany
  • Adolf Galland announced to the pilots of German Jagdverband 44 at München (Munich), Germany that the war was effectively lost, and he would only accept volunteers to continue fighting from now on. All of his men stepped forward as volunteers. ww2dbase [Adolf Galland | München, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
26 Apr 1945

Germany
  • Shortly after Adolf Galland (Jagdverband 44) attacked and shot down US B-26 bombers, his Me 262 jet fighter was shot down by Lieutenant James Finnegan's P-47D Thunderbolt fighter (US 50th Fighter Group). Galland crash landed safely at München-Riem Airfield in southern Germany, though sustaining wounds. ww2dbase [Adolf Galland | München, München-Oberbayern | AC, CPC]
  • Over 10,000 prisoners of the Dachau Concentration Camp in southern Germany began to be sent out of the camp. Most of them, just under 7,000 in number, were forced to march on foot southwards. The remainder were evacuate by vehicles or trains. At least 1,071 of those sent out on foot would not survive the evacuation. ww2dbase [Dachau Concentration Camp | Dachau, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
27 Apr 1945

Germany
28 Apr 1945

Germany
  • Martin Gottfried Weiss fled from Dachau Concentration Camp in Germany. ww2dbase [Nuremberg Trials and Other Trials Against Germany | Martin Gottfried Weiss | München-Oberbayern | CPC]
  • SS-Untersturmführer Johannes Otto was named the commandant of Dachau Concentration Camp in southern Germany, replacing Eduard Weiter. Within hours, SS-Untersturmführer Heinrich Wicker was made the commandant. Outside the camp, escapees of the camp and a rebel unit of the Volkssturm staged an armed revolt in the town of Dachau; it was quickly and brutally put down by SS troops. Finally, also on this date, International Red Cross representative Victor Maurer negotiated an agreement for the Germans to surrender Dachau Concentration Camp to US troops. ww2dbase [Dachau Concentration Camp | Dachau, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
29 Apr 1945

Germany
  • SS-Untersturmführer Heinrich Wicker became the final commandant of Dachau Concentration Camp in southern Germany, replacing Heinrich Wicker, who had been in that role for less than one day. Wicker would share the same fate as his predecessor, as American troops of the 3rd Battalion, 157th Infantry Regiment, US 45th Infantry Division, commanded by Colonel Felix Sparks, would enter Dachau Concentration Camp on this day. Brigadier General Henning Linden of 222nd Infantry Regiment, US 42nd Infantry Division accepted the formal surrender from Wicker. Men of US 157th and 122nd Infantry Regiments were accused of executing a number of German SS prisoners of war, in the camp and in the nearby hamlet of Weßling, before a colonel intervened. ww2dbase [Discovery of Concentration Camps and the Holocaust | Dachau Concentration Camp | Dachau, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
  • Martin Gottfried Weiss was captured by Corporal Henry Senger of US 292nd Field Artillery Observation Battalion in München (Munich), Germany. ww2dbase [Nuremberg Trials and Other Trials Against Germany | Martin Gottfried Weiss | München, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 29 Apr 1945
US Army troops executing German SS guards at Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 29 Apr 1945Kaufering Concentration Camp, southern Germany, 29 Apr 1945Prisoners celebrating, Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 29 Apr 1945; note female prisoners in foregroundSS-Untersturmführer Heinrich Wicker (mostly hidden behind aide) speaking with US General Henning Linden, Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 29 Apr 1945; also present were journalist Paul Levy (with helmet, looking down), Dr. Victor Maurer (facing away)
See all photos dated 29 Apr 1945
30 Apr 1945

Germany Photo(s) dated 30 Apr 1945
An American soldier standing beside the bodies of SS personnel shot by US troops during the liberation of Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 29-30 Apr 1945
1 May 1945

Germany
2 May 1945

Germany
  • Werhner von Braun departed Haus Ingeborg in Oberjoch in the Allgäu mountains in southern Germany for Austria; his group ran into American troops after passing through Adolf-Hitler-Pass (now Oberjoch Pass). ww2dbase [Wernher von Braun | Oberjoch, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
  • Walter Dornberger departed Haus Ingeborg in Oberjoch in the Allgäu mountains in southern Germany for Austria; his group ran into American troops after passing through Adolf-Hitler-Pass (now Oberjoch Pass). ww2dbase [Walter Dornberger | Oberjoch, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
3 May 1945

Photo(s) dated 3 May 1945
Prisoners
4 May 1945

Germany
8 May 1945

Germany
  • A German pilot landed a Ju 290 aircraft at München-Riem airport in southern Germany and surrendered to US troops. The aircraft carried women auxiliary personnel of the German Luftwaffe. ww2dbase [Ju 290 | München, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
10 May 1945

Germany
  • Harold Watson flew a captured Ju 290 aircraft from München-Riem airport in southern Germany to another airfield near Nürnberg, Germany. ww2dbase [Ju 290 | München, München-Oberbayern | CPC]
17 May 1945

Germany
30 May 1945

Photo(s) dated 30 May 1945
Aerial photo of Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, circa May-Jun 1945
16 Jul 1945

Germany
22 Nov 1945

Photo(s) dated 22 Nov 1945
Friedrich Hoffmann during the trials at Dachau Concentration Camp, Germany, 22 Nov 1945
13 Dec 1945

Germany
8 Jul 1947

Photo(s) dated 8 Jul 1947
Ilse Koch at the US Military Tribunal in Dachau, Germany, 8 Jul 1947
14 Aug 1947

Photo(s) dated 14 Aug 1947
Prince Josias at the Buchenwald trial, Dachau, Germany, 14 Aug 1947
15 Oct 1950

Germany
20 Aug 1992

Germany

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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