26 Oct 1942
  • USS S-28 began performing training missions for the West Coast Sound School and for the Amphibious Forces Training Group. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-31 stalked Japanese cargo ship Keizan Maru starting at 0825 hours in Otomae Wan, Paramushiro, Kurile Islands. At 0922 hours, she fired two torpedoes, both scoring and sinking the cargo ship. While withdrawing after the attack, S-31 ran aground on reef multiple times, finally reaching deep waters at 1000 hours. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • ShCh-307 sank Finnish merchant ship Betty H. south of the Åland Islands in the Gulf of Finland. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • 850 Jews were arrested in Norway. Meanwhile, in Nürnberg, Germany, 95 scientists gathered to review the result of Dr. Sigmund Rascher's freezing experiments using concentration camp prisoners as subjects. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British Private Percy Gratwick used grenades, rifle, and bayonet to take enemy positions at El Alamein, Egypt but was then shot and killed. He was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. ww2dbase [AC]
  • In the morning, Rommel committed much of his reserves to the Point 29 region in Egypt. Meanwhile, noting that Rommel had taken the bait, Montgomery planned to pin down Axis troops around Point 29 while launching a new offensive to the southwest. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Allied convoy UCF 1, containing troops and equipment for the invasion of French North Africa, was met by a covering force of battleships and cruisers which had sailed from Casco Bay, Maine, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • At the Battle of Santa Cruz Islands, US forces achieved victory but saw USS Enterprise, USS Hornet, USS South Dakota, and USS San Juan damaged. On the Japanese side, carriers Shokaku and Zuiho were damaged by dive bombers from USS Hornet and USS Enterprise, respectively. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Navy Ensign George L. Wrenn of VF-72 from the USS Hornet engaged Japanese aircraft attacking the US fleet. He shot down five Nakajima B5N torpedo bombers during the sortie. The Hornet was sunk during the battle and Wrenn had to be recovered aboard the USS Enterprise. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • Men of the 1st Battalion of US 164th Infantry Division repulsed a Japanese attack on the southern flank of the Lunga Perimeter at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. Meanwhile, another attack against Hill 67, initially penetrating into the American line, was eventually driven back by US Marines. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Joseph Stilwell announced his intention to establish his forward base at Ledo, India for the planned offensive into Burma. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS S-35 departed Unalaska, US Territory of Alaska for her fourth war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Australian Papua
  • Tenryu evacuated 260 Sasebo No. 5 Special Naval Landing Force troops from Welle Island (now Sanaroa), D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
British Western Pacific Territories
  • Shokaku was heavily damaged by bombs during the Battle of Santa Cruz. Four to six bombs struck the flight deck; one struck aft of the island and the rest were grouped around the amidships and aft elevators. Large fires were started, and the flight deck was completely buckled by the blasts. Though sixty officers and men were killed, since no aircraft were aboard, no fuel was active and damage control was able to extinguish the fires and save the ship. Admiral Nagumo transferred his flag to destroyer Arashi. Then, with the damaged light carrier Zuiho, Shokaku was detached and ordered home to Truk escorted by Hatsukaze and Maikaze. ww2dbase [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
Japan Pacific Ocean
  • USS Juneau served as a part of the anti-aircraft screen during the Battle of Santa Cruz Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Whale sank a Japanese freighter south of the Kii Channel between the islands of Shikoku and Honshu, Japan, hitting her with 2 of 5 torpedoes fired. Shortly after, she damaged two other freighters, hitting them with 2 of the 6 additional torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In light of the positive report from Friedrich Paulus from Stalingrad, Russia, Adolf Hitler, from his Wehrwolf headquarters near of Vinnytsia in Ukraine, ordered some of the German units in that region to prepare to move north once Stalingrad was conquered. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Sunfish departed San Francisco, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 26 Oct 1942
USS Enterprise in action during Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, 25-27 Oct 1942Japanese pilot Shigeyuki Sato in a D3A dive bomber plunging toward USS Hornet during Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, 26 Oct 1942; note B5N torpedo bomber in level flight and splash from anti-aircraft shell burst in front of HornetDamage to HornetType 00 Fighters prepare for launch from the Shokaku, Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, 26 Oct 1942
See all photos dated 26 Oct 1942

26 Oct 1942 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil."

General Douglas MacArthur at Leyte, 17 Oct 1944