18 Mar 1031

United States
  • Rear Admiral William W. Phelps was named the commanding officer of New York Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

18 Mar 1031 Interactive Map

18 Mar 1869

United Kingdom
  • Neville Chamberlain was born in Birmingham, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1893

  • Bai Chongxi was born in Guilin, Guangxi, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1897

  • Gordon Seagrave was born in Rangoon, Burma. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1901

18 Mar 1903

  • Galeazzo Ciano was born in Livorno, Toscana, Italy. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1909
  • Franklin Roosevelt's son Franklin Jr. was born. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1913

  • Werner Mölders was born in Gelsenkirchen, Westphalia, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1914

United States
  • Texas was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1922

  • Mohandas Gandhi was sentenced to six years in prison (he was to be released in Feb 1924 on health grounds). ww2dbase [AC]
18 Mar 1926

  • Wang Zhi witnessed the death of a fellow student during a student protest in Beiping, China. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Mar 1926
The US NavyUSS Langley, USS Mississippi, USS New Mexico, and others at anchor off Culebra island, Puerto Rico, 18 Mar 1926

18 Mar 1926 Interactive Map

18 Mar 1928

Hong Kong
  • HMS Hermes arrived at Hong Kong. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1929

United Kingdom
  • Devonshire was commissioned into service. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1933

  • Iwane Matsui was made a member of the Japanese Supreme War Council. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Major General Kennosuke Otsuka was named the chief of staff of the Taiwan Army. ww2dbase [CPC]
18 Mar 1937
  • Benito Mussolini staged an event for propaganda in which he received a ceremonial sword from Arab leaders from Italian Libya, symbolizing him as the protector of Arab peoples. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Spanish Republic forces under Colonel Enrique Jurado Barrio launched a counter-attack against Italian troops near Guadalajara, Spain. Two divisions, assisted by Russian tanks and aircraft, fell on the leading Italian units. The ferocity of the counterattack surprised the Italians and their retreat rapidly became a rout. General José Moscardó Ituarte's Nationalist troops, previously advancing steadily, was forced to fall back as the Italians lost Brihuega. Although the Nationalist attack on Guadalajara had gained some ground when the battle finally ended, it had failed to achieve the decisive result which had been hoped for. Also on this date, the Italian Blackshirt Division 'Dio lo vuole' in Spain was disbanded; later in the year, the remaining two divisions of Blackshirts were also disbanded and reorganized into three Italian-Spanish brigades. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The first production Wellesley bomber was delivered to the British Royal Air Force for trials. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
18 Mar 1938

  • Japanese troops captured Tengxian, Jiangsu Province, China after a two-day battle. The Chinese 31st Division began to march out of Xucheng, Henan Province for Xuzhou area, Jiangsu Province. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini met at the Brenner Pass on the Italian-Austrian border; Mussolini agreed to enter a war on the side of Germany at an opportune moment. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
United Kingdom
  • The British Chief of Naval Staff recommended the transfer of HMS Apollo to Australia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The British Chief of Naval Staff recommended the transfer of HMS Amphion to Australia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Mar 1938
Hitler and Mussolini at Brennero in the Brenner Pass, Italy, 18 Mar 1938, photo 1 of 2Hitler and Mussolini at Brennero in the Brenner Pass, Italy, 18 Mar 1938, photo 2 of 2
18 Mar 1939
  • Spain and Portugal entered into a non-aggression pact. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • While in Vienna in German-occupied Austria, Adolf Hitler approved the formation of a German protectorate in Slovakia. Elsewhere, France, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union lodged official protests regarding the German occupation of Czechoslovakia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • A group of Japanese troops boarded barges at Xingzi, Jiujiang, Jiangxi Province, China, sailed south 10 kilometers on the Yangtze River, and disembarked to attack Chinese positions at Wucheng. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • In Russia, the "Industry of Socialism" Exhibition finally opened, sixteen months behind schedule, having finally satisfied the censors that the pictures displayed proved that life had got better in Russia since the removal of the Tsars. ww2dbase [AC]
  • At the 18th Party Congress, Joseph Stalin declared that the western aggressor states of United Kingdom and France were pushing Germany toward Eastern Europe, thus provoking an eventual war between Germany and the Soviet Union, a venture that he did not wish to embark the Soviet Union upon. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • USS Astoria departed Annapolis, Maryland, United States with the ashes of Japanese Ambassador Hiroshi Saito on board. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1940

  • German bombers attacked Dutch trawler Protinus off Ijmuiden, the Netherlands, killing several people including the captain and the first mate. 10 found their way to the lifeboat but 2 of them would perish before they were found by submarine HMS Unity 6 days later. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • HMS Edinburgh arrived at Tyne, England, United Kingdom for a refit. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Alan Turing's first electromechanical machine, "bombe", was installed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Mar 1940
Finnish Canet 152mm/45 naval gun in coastal defense role, Hästö-Busö, Finland, 18 Mar 1940
18 Mar 1941
  • Italian troops bombarded Fort Dologorodoc near Keren, Eritrea, Italian East Africa, which British and Indian had only recently gained. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Erwin Rommel departed North Africa for a meeting with Adolf Hitler. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The US Marine Corps 7th Defense Battalion arrived at American Samoa. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Adolf Hitler met with Wilhelm Keitel, Alfred Jodl, and Erich Raeder; Raeder urged Hitler to convince Japan to attack Singapore and recommended Hitler to reveal the plans of the Soviet invasion to Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • British bombers attacked Vlorë, Albania, sinking Italian torpedo boat Aldebaran. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-105 attacked Allied convoy SL-68 west of Senegal, French West Africa at 0400 hours, sinking British ship Medjerda, killing the entire crew of 52 and 2 gunners. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • German armed merchant cruiser Kormoran transferred 7 torpedoes to submarine U-124 1,050 miles southwest of Cape Verde Islands. ww2dbase [CPC]
Baltic Sea
  • Battleship Bismarck entered the Baltic Sea for trials. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Germany centralized all coal mining and distribution. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British armed boarding vessel Rosaura, carrying Italian prisoners of war, hit a mine and sank off Tobruk, Libya. 14 crew, 5 guards, and 59 Italians were killed. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • British Swordfish torpedo bombers of Fleet Air Arm 830 Naval Air Squadron based in Malta bombed the harbor at Tripoli, Libya; 1 Swordfish aircraft was shot down, with its crew of 2 taken prisoner. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The French government-in-exile in Britain established a central bank. ww2dbase [TH]
  • German 1st S-boat Flotilla (with 6 motor torpedo boats) raided shipping on the east coast of England, United Kingdom, sinking French ship Daphne II off the Humber Estuary. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Douglas Bader was promoted to the rank of wing commander. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • US and Canada declared a joint defense pact, which included cooperation in ship building efforts on the Great Lakes. ww2dbase [CPC]
18 Mar 1942
  • The repair work on light cruiser Voroshilov completed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Atlantic Ocean
  • German submarine U-124 sank Greek ship Kassandra Louloudis off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, United States at 0114 hours; all 35 aboard survived. At 0827, U-124 struck again, sinking US tankers US tankers E. M. Clark; 1 was killed, 26 survived. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Douglas MacArthur officially accepted the position of the Supreme Commander of Southwest Pacific Area while still aboard a train traveling for Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US 9th Pursuit Squadron, flying P-40 fighters, arrived at Batchelor Field, located 98 kilometers (61 miles) south of Darwin, Australia. ww2dbase [CPC]
Australian New Guinea Australian Papua
  • Japanese aircraft attacked Port Moresby, Australian Papua. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Chinese troops ambushed 200 Japanese reconnaissance troops near Pyu in Battle of Tachiao, killing 30. Meanwhile, aircraft of the 1st American Volunteer Group "Flying Tigers" bombed the Japanese airfield at Moulmein, claiming 16 Japanese aircraft destroyed on the ground. Of the Burmese coast, troops from India reinforced the garrison on Akyab Island. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC, AC]
Dutch East Indies Germany
  • The first A4 rocket exploded on Test Stand VII at Peenemünde, Germany during a combustion chamber test. ww2dbase [Main Article | AC]
  • British submarine HMS Upholder sank Italian submarine Tricheco 2 miles off of Brindisi, Italy; 38 were killed, 3 survived (including the commanding officer). ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Japanese troops under Major Kyomi Yokokoji massacred the entire village of Joo Loong Loong (now known as Titi), Negeri Sembilan in Malaya; 990 were killed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
New Hebrides
  • US Army engineers arrived at Efate, New Hebrides for the construction of a new airfield. ww2dbase [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Lord Mountbatten was appointed as the British Chief of Combined Operations. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of Oriskany was laid down at Bethlehem Steel Company's Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US President Roosevelt signed an Executive Order for the establishment of the War Relocation Authority, which led to the internment of Japanese-Americans during WW2. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Mar 1942
Lieutenant General George Brett, Australia, 18 Mar 1942

18 Mar 1942 Interactive Map

18 Mar 1943

Alaska Burma
  • The Allies abandoned the attempt to drive Japanese from Donbaik, Burma. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • The main body of the Northern Group of the Chindits completed the crossing of the Irrawaddy River. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Famed Polish Jewish violinist Henri Czaplinski (aka. Genrikh Maksimovich Chaplinsky in Soviet documents) joined the Donukalov Partisan Brigade near Minsk, Byelorussia. ww2dbase [CPC]
Caroline Islands France
  • Italians began to raise the wreck of Algérie in sections at Toulon, France. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Vichy France repealed a number of anti-Semitic laws. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • USAAF aircraft bombed the Vegesack district of Bremen, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her second war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • 56 western missionaries and western civilians, 2 Chinese adult civilians, and 2 Chinese infants were executed by gunfire or drowning aboard Japanese destroyer Akikaze in the Pacific Ocean. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Switzerland was warned of a seemingly impending German invasion. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • US 1st Ranger Battalion captured El Guettar, Tunisia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Oswald Mosley and Diana Mosley received Norah Elam and Dudley Elam while in imprisonment in London, England, United Kingdom. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The keel of destroyer USS Cassin Young was laid down by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation at San Pedro, Los Angeles, California, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Mar 1943
B5N Type 97 torpedo bomber landing on Japanese carrier Shokaku, somewhere in the South Pacific, 18 Mar 1943General Dwight Eisenhower sharing a lighter moment with four US Army soldiers in Tunisia, 18 Mar 1943.King George VI of the United Kingdom aboard HMS Glasgow at Scapa Flow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 18-21 Mar 1943Keel of USS Cassin Young at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation shipyard, San Pedro, California, United States, 18 Mar 1943
See all photos dated 18 Mar 1943

18 Mar 1943 Interactive Map

18 Mar 1944

Atlantic Ocean
  • Aircraft of No. 466 Squadron RAAF conducted minelaying operations in the North Sea off of Helgoland, Germany. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • Chindit troops reached the railway at Kenu, Burma; the subsequent Battle of Pagoda Hill was characterized by savage hand-to-hand fighting that resulted in 23 Chindits and 42 Japanese killed. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • RAF bombers attacked Hamburg, Germany with approximately 3,000 tons of bombs. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • USS Golet departed Pearl Harbor, US Territory of Hawaii for her first war patrol. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Japanese 15th Division reached Ukhrul, India, which was about 50 miles from Imphal, India. Behind them, Japanese 31st Division crossed the Chindwin River in eight columns toward India. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Indian Ocean
  • Japanese submarine I-165 sank British merchant ship Nancy Moller in the Indian Ocean. The submarine picked up six of the survivors and executed two of them by pistol and another two by drowning. The crew then opened fire on the life boat, killing 32 of the over 60 survivors aboard. Ultimately only 31 would survive, picked up by HMS Emerald four days later. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • New Zealand troops mounted a failed armored attack on Cassino, Italy, losing all 17 tanks in the process. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
Japan Marshall Islands
  • USS Iowa bombarded Mili Atoll, Marshall Islands. She was hit by two 120-millimeter shells from Japanese coastal guns during the bombardment, suffering minor damage. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Pollack arrived off Nanpo Islands, Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Ray fired six torpedoes at two Japanese destroyers and one patrol craft in the South China Sea; her crew reported hearing one explosion, but could not confirm it as the submarine dove in expectation of counterattacks. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • At 1100 hours, Auschwitz Concentration Camp prisoner Rudolf Friemel married forced laborer Margarita Ferrer at the camp's Registry Office. It was the only case where a prisoner was allowed to marry in the camp. They had met in Spain when Rudolf Friemel, an Austrian, fought as a volunteer for the Spanish Republicans in the civil war. Friemel was executed by hanging on 30 Dec 1944 for a failed attempt to escape Auschwitz. Ferrer and their child survived the war. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • USAAF 453rd Bomber Group based at Old Buckenham Airfield (US Station 144) in Norfolk, England, United Kingdom attacked Friedrichshafen in southern Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | Facility | AC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Mar 1944
USS Petrof bay on her shakedown cruise, 18 Mar 1944John Curtin and Douglas MacArthur at Fairbairn Airbase, Canberra, Australia, 18 Mar 1944Lieutenant General Joseph Stilwell awarding the Silver Star medal to Lieutenant Albert J. Harvey, Hukawng Valley, northern Burma, 18 Mar 1944Lieutenant General Joseph Stilwell awarding the Silver Star medal to Colonel Rothwell H. Brown, Hukawng Valley, northern Burma, 18 Mar 1944
See all photos dated 18 Mar 1944

18 Mar 1944 Interactive Map

18 Mar 1945
  • 2nd Lieutenant Guy Cary of US 15th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron shot down a He 162 jet fighter, but positive identification on the victim was not made; some thought it might had been a Me 262 jet fighter. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • In Burma, Lieutenant Karamjeet Singh Judge directed the destruction of ten enemy bunkers at a heavily defended cotton mill at Myingyan. Guiding a tank to another bunker for some reason he asked the commander to hold fire while he checked it out. He entered the bunker but was shot. The 21-year-old Punjabi was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. ww2dbase [AC]
  • Indian 5th Division captured Myingyan, Burma. In the area, Anglo-Indian troops attempted to cross the moat of Fort Dufferin in Mandalay, Burma in failure, suffering heavy casualties. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Third Army captured Boppard, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Soviet 1st Polish Army captured Kolberg, Germany (now Kolobrzeg, Poland) while other Soviet units approached Gdynia and Danzig. ww2dbase [Main Article | TH]
  • Albert Speer, sensing Adolf Hitler's wish to potentially order the destruction of Germany to prevent Allied capture, attempted to persuade Hitler not to destroy the future of Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US Army 65th Infantry Regiment, consisted of Puerto Ricans, arrived at Mannheim, Germany for occupation duties. ww2dbase [CPC]
  • General Mark Clark established the goal of the Allied offensive in Italy in spring 1945 to be 'to destroy the maximum number of enemy forces south of the Po [River], force crossings of the Po and capture Verona'. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Yorktown (Essex-class) arrived in the operating area off Japan and began launching strikes on airfields on Kyushu, Honshu, and Shikoku. The task group came under air attack almost as soon as operations began. Yorktown was struck by a single bomb that killed 5 but otherwise caused minimal damage. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | DS]
  • US aircraft dropped propaganda leaflets over Nagasaki, Japan for the first time. ww2dbase [CPC]
Pacific Ocean
  • USS Missouri escorted carriers while the aircraft aircraft struck Japan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Franklin arrived in position south of Japan and launched F4U Corsair fighters of US Marine Corps squadron VMF-214 against the targets in Kagoshima Prefecture. USMC pilot John Stodd was shot down over Izumi Airfield and was captured. The US airmen destroyed many Japanese aircraft on the ground at Izumi. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Tunny detected a Japanese convoy but she failed to gain favorable attack positions. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • USS Springer sank Japanese Transport No. 18 in the East China Sea, hitting her with 3 of 8 torpedoes fired. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • Filipino guerrillas welcomed the invading American troops on Panay, Philippine Islands. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
  • US B-24 aircraft, A-20 aircraft, and fighters based in the Philippine Islands attacked Koshun Airfield, Takao Prefecture, Taiwan. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • German V-2 rocket hit the Speaker's Corner at the edge of Hyde Park in London, England, United Kingdom at 0930 hours, killing 3 and seriously injuring 9. ww2dbase [Main Article | Event | CPC]
Vatican City
  • Pope Pius XII denounced Nazi German racist policies. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 18 Mar 1945
Jewish chaplain (Rabbi) Captain Manuel Poliakoff of the US Army 29th Infantry Division (center) conducting a memorial service in Schloss Rheydt, the former home of Joseph Goebbels, 18 Mar 1945.F6F Hellcats of Fighting Squadron VF-45 aboard Independence-class carrier USS San Jacinto off Kyushu, Japan, 18 Mar 1945. Note the open gun access panels in the fighters’ wings.Carrier USS Bunker Hill on station for strikes against Kyushu, Japan, 18 Mar 1945. Photo was taken from the carrier USS Essex and the battleship USS New Jersey is seen in the right background.US battleship Iowa in her brand new Measure 22 paint off Hunter’s Point Naval Shipyard, San Francisco Bay, California, United States, 18 Mar 1945. Note that the rounded areas of the bridge have been squared off.

18 Mar 1945 Interactive Map

18 Mar 1946

  • Georgy Malenkov and Lavrentiy Beria were made full members of the Soviet Politburo. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1948

Photo(s) dated 18 Mar 1948
Clearing rubble in front of the Reichstag building, Berlin, Germany, 18 Mar 1948

18 Mar 1948 Interactive Map

18 Mar 1949

United States
  • Edward Brooks was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general and was named the Assistant Chief of Staff for Personnel of the US Army. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1953

United States
  • USS Croaker was decommissioned from service at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Maine, United States for conversion into a hunter-killer submarine. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1956
  • Pietro Tacchi Venturi passed away. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1964

United States
  • Joseph O'Callahan passed away in Worcester, Massachusetts, United States. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1967

  • Erik Hansen passed away in Hamburg, Germany. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1982

  • Vasily Chuikov passed away in Moscow, Russia. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 2008

  • Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd announced the discovery of the wreck of HMAS Sydney. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 2018

British Western Pacific Territories
  • In the Solomon Islands, the crew of Research Vessel Petrel identified the wreck that they had found on the previous day was that of USS Juneau. ww2dbase [Main Article | CPC]

18 Mar 2018 Interactive Map

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, Hugh Martyr, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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Famous WW2 Quote
"You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word. It is victory. Victory at all costs. Victory in spite of all terrors. Victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival."

Winston Churchill