1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914 | 1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919
1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924 | 1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929
1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934 | 1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939
1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944 | 1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949

1 Jan 1933

China
  • Japanese troops attacked Hebei Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Jan 1933
  • Franz von Papen and Adolf Hitler met at the home of aristocratic banker Kurt von Schröder's home in Cologne, Germany and secretly made plans to together work against Chancellor Kurt von Schleicher. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Henry Arnold was made the commanding officer of 1st Wing of US Army Air Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
5 Jan 1933
  • The secret meeting between Franz von Papen and Adolf Hitler in Cologne, Germany on the previous day was exposed to the public, damaging both men's reputation. [Main Article | CPC]
14 Jan 1933
  • Kliment Voroshilov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic. [Main Article | CPC]
15 Jan 1933
  • Heinrich Prinz zu Sayn-Wittgenstein became a group leader (Kameradschaftsführer) in the Hitler Youth organization. [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jan 1933

United States
  • US Congress approved the plan for the independence of the Philippine Islands. [CPC]
29 Jan 1933

Germany
  • The SA organization of the Nazi Party was mobilized in Berlin, Germany to guard against what turned out to be a false rumor of a coup d'état against Adolf Hitler's attempt to become the German Chancellor. [CPC]
30 Jan 1933
  • Werner von Blomberg was promoted to the rank of General der Infanterie. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler was named the Chancellor of Germany; three of the eleven cabinet posts were given to Nazi Party members. President Paul von Hindenburg required Vice Chancellor Franz von Papen to accompany Hitler for all meetings between the President and the Chancellor, thinking that would be sufficient to prevent Hitler from committing any drastic changes. As soon as 1700 hours on the very same day, Hitler made his first bid for greater power by demanding a re-election of the Reichstag, a motion which was defeated at this time. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jan 1933
Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler
31 Jan 1933

Germany
  • The newly appointed German Chancellor Adolf Hitler made a half-sincere attempt to negotiate with the Center Party to form a majority in the Reichstag. As intended, the negotiation failed, which gave Hitler the grounds to demand a re-election in the Reichstag. The re-election was approved by Reichstag President and fellow Nazi Party member Hermann Göring, and was scheduled to take place on 5 Mar 1933. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 31 Jan 1933
Chicago, Louisville, Salt Lake City, and Northampton turning in formation with three other Scouting Force heavy cruisers to create a slick for landing seaplanes, off Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 31 Jan 1933
1 Feb 1933

United States
  • US Navy squadron VP-10 based at at Norfolk, Virginia, United States received the first delivery of P2Y-1 flying boat. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Feb 1933

Germany
  • In Berlin, Germany, Adolf Hitler met with top military leaders, ensuring that he would cooperate with the military, easing their fears that the Nazi SA organization would one day overtake the traditional military. On the same day, he attended the premiere of the film "Dawn" which was set in a doomed German submarine and was about sacrifice in war. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 2 Feb 1933
USS Saratoga (foreground) and USS Lexington (background) off Honolulu, Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii, with Diamond Head in the background, 2 Feb 1933USS Lexington off Honolulu, Oahu, US Territory of Hawaii, with Diamond Head in the background, 2 Feb 1933
4 Feb 1933
  • A German emergency decree outlawed gathering of people against the national government and outlawed publication of any writing against the national government. [CPC]
5 Feb 1933
  • A German emergency decree dissolved all elected bodies in Prussia. [CPC]
6 Feb 1933
  • One day after all elected bodies in Prussia, Germany were dissolved, control of all police in Prussia were given to the national government. Most of the former police officials retired, and some of the positions vacated were given to Nazi Party members. [CPC]
Japan
  • E7K floatplane took its first flight. [Main Article | CPC]
8 Feb 1933

Egypt
  • Roderick Carr was named the adjutant of RAF Depot Middle East at RAF Aboukir, Egypt. [Main Article | CPC]
9 Feb 1933
  • The Oxford Union debating society of Britain debated on the resolution: "That this House will in no circumstances fight for its King and Country". It was passed by 275 votes to 153 and became one of the most well-known and notorious debates conducted by the Union. [AC]
10 Feb 1933

United Kingdom
11 Feb 1933
  • The SA, in the Rhineland, Germany, were sworn in as police auxiliaries. [AC]
12 Feb 1933
  • British Field Marshal Sir William Robertson, the Chief of the Imperial General Staff (1915-1918), died aged 73. [AC]
15 Feb 1933
  • Giuseppe Zangara made an assassination attempt on President-Elect of the United States Franklin Roosevelt in Miami, Florida, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
20 Feb 1933
  • Filipp Golikov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for the first time. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Feb 1933
  • Battle of the Great Wall: Japanese troops, supported by Manchurian troops, attacked Rehe, China. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Feb 1933

Germany
  • Initial plans were made for a detention camp in Oranienburg, Germany. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Hermann Göring established an auxiliary police force in Prussia, Germany, staffed mostly with members of the SA organization. [Main Article | AC]
23 Feb 1933
  • Adolf Hitler announced his wish to gain Lebensraum for German people. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Feb 1933
  • Hermann Göring's auxiliary police raided Communist Party offices in Prussia, Germany and claimed to have found documents suggesting the Communists were planning a revolt against the German republic. [Main Article | CPC]
25 Feb 1933
  • The USS Ranger was launched as the first US Navy ship to be built solely as an aircraft carrier. [CPC]
  • Kliment Voroshilov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • Japanese troops captured Chaoyang, Baipiao, and Kailu in Rehe, China. [Main Article | CPC]
Switzerland
  • The Lytton Commission reported to the League of Nations at Geneva, Switzerland that Japan had violated Chinese sovereignty and the establishment of the puppet state of Manchukuo was illegal. Japanese representative to the league Matsuoka Yosuke walked out of the conference hall as instructed by his superiors in Tokyo, Japan. [CPC]
27 Feb 1933

Germany
  • The German Reichstag building was destroyed by fire. 10,000 political opponents of the Nazi Party, mostly communists, were subsequently arrested. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 27 Feb 1933
The Reichstag building on fire, Berlin, Germany, 27 Feb 1933
28 Feb 1933

Germany
  • German President Paul von Hindenburg issued the Reichstag Fire Decree, suspending key civil liberties in Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Feb 1933
The Reichstag building in the morning after the fire, Berlin, Germany, 28 Feb 1933
1 Mar 1933

Japan
  • Kichisaburo Nomura was promoted to the rank of admiral. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The construction for HMS Apollo was ordered. [Main Article | CPC]
2 Mar 1933

China
  • Chinese troops counterattacked against troops of the Japanese 4th Cavalry Brigade during the Battle of the Great Wall, achieving initial success, but the attack was ultimately beaten by superior firepower. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Mar 1933
  • Song Zheyuan received Zhang Xueliang's orders to defend the Xifengkuo area near the Great Wall in northern China. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Mar 1933
  • Battle of the Great Wall: Troops of the 139th Division of Chinese 32nd Corps repulsed a Japanese attack on the Lengkou Pass of the Great Wall. Elsewhere, the provincial capital of Rehe Province, Chengde, was captured by Japanese troops without opposition. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt was inaugurated as the thirty-second President of the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Henry Stimson stepped down from his position as the United States Secretary of State. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Mar 1933
Japanese troops in Hebei, China, 4 Mar 1933Inaugural program of Franklin Roosevelt and John Garner, 4 Mar 1933Indianapolis leaving the upper chamber of the Miraflores Locks, Panama Canal, 4 Mar 1933
5 Mar 1933
  • Nazi Party received 44% of popular vote in Germany's last free election. [CPC]
6 Mar 1933
  • Battle of the Great Wall: Troops of the Chinese 620th and 621st Regiments ambushed Japanese troops, slowing the advance but failing to stop it. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt mandated a bank holiday, originally planned for four working days, to ease the run on US banks. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 6 Mar 1933
German SA man guarding arrested communists, Berlin, Germany, 6 Mar 1933
7 Mar 1933
  • Battle of the Great Wall: Troops of 16th Brigade of Japanese 8th Division attacked Gubeikou Pass of the Great Wall, but the attack was repulsed by the Chinese 67th Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
8 Mar 1933

France
  • The French Army cavalry command issued a preliminary order for 45 AMR 33 light tanks.  [Main Article | CPC]
9 Mar 1933
  • Members of the SA and Stahlhelm rioted against Jews in Germany. [CPC]
  • SS leader Heinrich Himmler became the president of the Munich police commission. [Main Article | CPC]
10 Mar 1933

China
  • During the First Battle of Hebei, General Guan Linzheng of Chinese 25th Division was wounded in battle near Gubeikou Pass of the Great Wall, and Du Yuming stepped up to serve as the acting divisional commander. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Mar 1933
German SA men publicly humiliating Jewish attorney Michael Siegel, München, Germany, 10 Mar 1933, photo 1 of 2German SA men publicly humiliating Jewish attorney Michael Siegel, München, Germany, 10 Mar 1933, photo 2 of 2
12 Mar 1933
  • Jews in Gedern, Germany were assaulted by others of the town. One of them was severely injured and was forced to remain hospitalized for the following year. [CPC]
  • Franklin Roosevelt held the first of a series of radio addresses, which would later be known as Fireside Chats, speaking on the banking crisis. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A German ruling established two legal national flags: the reintroduced black-white-red imperial tricolor and the Nazi Party swastika flag. [CPC]
China
  • Du Yuming received orders to withdraw Chinese 25th Division from the area near Gubeikou Pass of the Great Wall in Hebei Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Zhang Xueliang resigned his position as the head of the Beiping Military Committee. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Oranienburg north of Berlin, Germany became the site of the first German concentration camp. [Main Article | Facility | TH]
13 Mar 1933
  • Joseph Goebbels was named the Minister of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda, a cabinet-level position. [Main Article | CPC]
China
  • He Yingqin was named the head of the Beiping Military Committee. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • US banks began to reopen after a week-long government-forced holiday. [Main Article | CPC]
15 Mar 1933
  • The Hakenkruez (Eagle-Swastika symbol) was introduced as part of the German military helmets. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Mar 1933
Calligraphy
17 Mar 1933
  • Song Ziwen stepped down as the acting chief of the Executive Yuan. [Main Article | CPC]
18 Mar 1933

Japan
  • Iwane Matsui was made a member of the Japanese Supreme War Council. [Main Article | CPC]
Taiwan
  • Major General Kennosuke Otsuka was named the chief of staff of the Taiwan Army. [CPC]
20 Mar 1933

Germany
  • Dachau Concentration Camp was established in Germany by the order of Heinrich Himmler; it was to be guarded by men of the SS. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Mar 1933
Carrier Ryujo in Yokosuka Naval Arsenal, Japan, 20 Mar 1933; note 12.7cm anti-aircraft guns
21 Mar 1933
  • Battle of the Great Wall: Japanese troops captured Yiyuankou Pass of the Great Wall. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Germany established a special court to handle crimes committed against the country. It was presided by three Nazi Party-affiliated judges and had no jury. [CPC]
Germany
  • The opening ceremonies of the German Reichstag were held at the Garrison Church in Potsdam, Germany. [CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt submitted his plan to establish the Civilian Conservation Corps to the United States Congress; it was initially opposed by organized labor leaders and even some members of the Democratic Party for the plan's militaristic organization, fascist appearance, and low wages (US$1 per day of work), but it would nevertheless be passed into law within ten days. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 21 Mar 1933
Hitler, Papen, and Goebbels in celebration of the opening of the Reichstag in the Garnisonkirche in Potsdam, Germany, 21 Mar 1933Adolf Hitler and German Crown Prince Wilhelm at Potsdam, Germany on Potsdam Day, 21 Mar 1933German President Paul von Hindenburg, War Minister Werner von Blomberg, and Chancellor Adolf Hitler at Potsdam, Germany, 21 Mar 1933German Chancellor Adolf Hitler and German President Paul von Hindenburg, Potsdam, Germany, 21 Mar 1933
23 Mar 1933

Germany
  • German Reichstag passed the Law for Removing the Distress of People and Reich ("Enabling Act"), giving dictatorial powers to Hitler. It was to be in effect on 27 Mar 1933. [Main Article | TH]
24 Mar 1933
  • Jews outside of Germany called for a boycott of German goods. [CPC]
27 Mar 1933
  • The Enabling Act, which gave Hitler near-dictatorial powers, came into effect. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Japan officially withdrew from the League of Nations. [AC]
United States
  • 55,000 civilians staged a protest against Adolf Hitler in New York City, New York, United States. [CPC]
31 Mar 1933

United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt established the Civilian Conservation Corps. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Apr 1933
  • The SA organization of the Nazi Party boycotted Jewish shops, attorneys, and doctors across Germany. Jewish students were barred out of schools and universities. [TH]
  • Josef Bühler joined the Nazi Party. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Deutschland was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • Admiral Scheer was launched at Wilhelmshaven dockyard in Germany. [Main Article | AC]
  • Maximilian von Weichs was promoted to the rank of Generalmajor. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Apr 1933
  • Germany began to exclude Jewish lawyers. [CPC]
  • In Germany, Works' Councils (Betriebsträte) were outlawed. They were replaced by "Trust Councils" (Vertrauensträte) elected by politically reliable (e.g. Nazi) candidates drawn up by works managers. [AC]
Germany
  • Konrad Adenauer, the future post war Chancellor of West Germany, was removed by the Nazi Party from his post as Mayor of Köln (Cologne), Germany. Penniless, he sought sanctuary in the Benedictine monastery at the Maria Laach Abbey near Andernach, Germany. [AC]
5 Apr 1933

Germany
  • A council of German Christians, convened in Berlin, issued a call for a unified Protestant church faithful to the tenets of National Socialism, including the "Aryan cleansing" of the German church. [AC]
6 Apr 1933

Photo(s) dated 6 Apr 1933
German Minister Joseph Goebbels, German Chancellor Adolf Hitler, and Vatican Apostolic Nuncio to Germany Cesare Orsenigo, Berlin, Germany, 6 Apr 1933
7 Apr 1933
  • Hitler announced the new "Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service" which, in effect, allowed the National Socialist Party the legal right to dismiss any State employee (often on the vaguest of grounds) and replace them with appointees of their own. Among the first workers fired were Jewish workers, with exceptions made for Jewish WW1 veterans. [AC]
  • The Gau organization, the large permanent offices of the Reich representatives, was established in law to centralize the political structure of Germany. Hitler appointed himself as the Reich representative for Prussia. [Main Article | AC]
8 Apr 1933
  • Battle of the Great Wall: The Chinese 29th Corps was evacuated from Xifengkou Pass of the Great Wall. [Main Article | CPC]
11 Apr 1933
  • Battle of the Great Wall: Japanese troops captured Lengkou of the Great Wall. [Main Article | CPC]
12 Apr 1933
  • The Deutsche Studentenschaft (Student activists) declared a four-week programme of cultural cleansing, which would culminate on 10 May 1933 with a mass burning of blacklisted books (i.e. Jewish, Marxist and other "un-German" literature). [AC]
  • The keel of submarine tender Taigei was laid down. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
13 Apr 1933

United Kingdom
  • The London Passenger Transport Board was established by the British Transport Minister Herbert Morrison (who would later be the Home Secretary during the Churchill premiership). [AC]
15 Apr 1933

United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt exercised a new power given to his office by the United States Congress and force-purchased gold from gold hoarders. This was among his first steps in removing the US currency from the gold standard and to impose tighter control over the US currency. [Main Article | CPC]
20 Apr 1933

China
  • Vice Admiral Shizue Tsuda was named the commanding officer of the newly recommissioned Ryojun Military Port (previously known as Port Arthur; now Lushunkou, Liaoning Province, China), Kwantung Leased Territory in northeastern China. Rear Admiral Hisoharu Kubota was named Tsuda's chief of staff. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt ordered that no American could export gold without government authorization. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Apr 1933
  • Germany began to exclude Jewish students. [CPC]
25 Apr 1933
  • Hitler appointed a prominent German Christian, Ludwig Müller (a former Army chaplain and an enthusiastic National Socialist), as his representative in the drawing up of a new constitution for a unified Reich church. [Main Article | AC]
26 Apr 1933

Germany
  • Hermann Göring established the Gestapo as a small Prussian secret police organization. [Main Article | CPC]
27 Apr 1933
  • In Germany, Hermann Göring was appointed Minister of Aviation. [Main Article | AC]
28 Apr 1933
  • In the Soviet Union, a Communist Party decree pointed out (correctly) that far too many careerist and political illiterates had been allowed into the party ranks during the collectivization and industrialization drive. Held in local public buildings, the party Chistka (Three-man purge commissions) was instructed to interrogate all local Communist officials, who were expected to declare their social origin, their activities for the Party and any derelictions of duty. The commissions had the authority to call witnesses, take statements and decide on a range of recommendations, ranging from confirmation of status down to expulsion from the party. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 28 Apr 1933
Battleship Fuso in drydock, Kure, Japan, 28 Apr 1933
29 Apr 1933

Germany
  • In Germany the Verkehrsministeriuin (Ministry of Communications) was established by Adolf Hitler as a cover for a new air ministry. This was later renamed the Reichsluftfahrtministerium and to be headed by Hermann Göring as Reichskommisar for air, with Erhard Milch as his deputy. [AC]
1 May 1933

Germany
  • In Germany the NSDAP organisation, unable to cope with the 850,000 new requests for membership, called a moratorium on recruitment until May 1937, except for those already in affiliated organisations (SA, SS, Hitler Youth etc.). [AC]
  • The noted academic, Carl Schmitt, Professor of Law at Berlin University in Germany, joined the National Socialist Party. It was through his influence that so many German academics and lawyers would be exulted to accept the new order. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1933
Hitler and Papen at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1933Hitler Youth gathering at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 1 May 1933A Hitler Youth marching band resting near Lustgarten, Berlin, 1 May 1933
2 May 1933
  • Hitler's Government dissolved the main Trade Union association, The German Free Trade Unions, occupied all its offices with the help of the SA and sequestrated its funds. [AC]
United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt established the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, which closely managed agricultural production in the United States, which included the policy of destroying excess farm supply to control prices. [Main Article | CPC]
5 May 1933

China
  • The First Battle of Shangai officially ended with the signing of the Shanghai Ceasefire Agreement. [Main Article | CPC]
9 May 1933 France
  • Émile Bertin was launched at Saint-Nazaire, France. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 May 1933
Do X aircraft landing at Passau, Germany, 9 May 1933, photo 1 of 2; note not-damaged tail sectionDo X aircraft landing at Passau, Germany, 9 May 1933, photo 2 of 2; note damaged tail section
10 May 1933
  • The German Labour Front was created. This vast corporation (which replaced the former Trade Union Associations) was intended to reconcile labourers, skilled workers and managers in a classless industrial structure for the benefit of the Reich. The German Labour Front would neither represent labour interests nor negotiate in determining wage rates (these functions being taken over by the new state commissioners without reference to the workforce). In addition striking was made illegal. [AC]
  • After ten months of border skirmishing in the dispute Chaco region, Paraguay declared war on her northern neighbour Bolivia. The chief object of this declaration was to force a policy of strict neutrality on the part of Chile, Peru and Brazil, who all served as useful sources of supply to Bolivia. This was only partially successful as Chile's liberal definition of neutrality was more than offset by Argentina's benevolent attitude to Paraguay. [AC]
Germany
  • Nazi Party members throughout Germany staged burnings of "unacceptable" books. [TH]
Photo(s) dated 10 May 1933
Fuso undergoing post-reconstruction trials, 10 May 1933, photo 1 of 3Memphis catapulted an O2U Corsair floatplane during fleet maneuvers, 10 May 1933Fuso undergoing post-reconstruction trials, 10 May 1933, photo 2 of 3Fuso undergoing post-reconstruction trials, 10 May 1933, photo 3 of 3
12 May 1933

China
  • Japanese troops took control of all major gates and passes of the Great Wall in Hebei Province. [Main Article | CPC]
18 May 1933

United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt established the Tennessee Valley Authority for power generation and flood control in the namesake region in the United States. [Main Article | CPC]
20 May 1933
  • Battle of the Great Wall: Chinese troops began to withdraw from all Great Wall gates. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan
  • Masafumi Arima was transferred from Battleship Division 3 to Cruiser Division 7. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Joseph Rochefort was assigned to USS California, the flagship of the United States Navy Battle Fleet, as the assistant operations officer. [Main Article | CPC]
22 May 1933

China
  • The First Battle of Hebei ended as Chinese and Japanese representatives began to negotiate for a truce. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Air Chief Marshal Sir Edward Ellington succeeded the late Sir Geoffrey Salmond as Chief of the Air Staff of Britain. [AC]
25 May 1933
  • The B-534 biplane fighter took its maiden flight. [Main Article | CPC]
26 May 1933
  • In Germany, legislation was passed allowing the state to confiscate the property of Communists. [AC]
28 May 1933

Danzig
  • In an election in Danzig, Nazi Party members won 50% of total votes. [CPC]
31 May 1933
  • The Tanggu Truce was signed between China and Japan to end the undeclared war between China and Japan, with terms extremely favorable to Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Jun 1933
  • Werner Mölders was promoted to the rank of Fähnrich as he graduated from the Dresden military academy. [Main Article | CPC]
Russia
  • Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant was established in Chelyabinsk, Russia.  [Main Article | CPC]
6 Jun 1933

France
  • The French Army issued an order to Renault for the production of AMR 33 light tanks. [Main Article | CPC]
9 Jun 1933
  • The Republic of China passed the law for conscription for male citizens between the age of 18 and 45. [CPC]
16 Jun 1933

United States
  • Franklin Roosevelt signed the National Industrial Recovery Act into law, which provided temporary business stimulation and expanded public works. [Main Article | CPC]
19 Jun 1933

Photo(s) dated 19 Jun 1933
Close-up view of the bow of carrier Ryujo, Yokosuka, Japan, 19 Jun 1933Close-up view of the stern of carrier Ryujo, Yokosuka, Japan, 19 Jun 1933
20 Jun 1933

Danzig
  • Nazi Party member Hermann Rauschning became the President of the Senate of Danzig. [CPC]
22 Jun 1933
  • Adolf Hitler issued orders to dissolve the Social Democratic Party. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The French Army cavalry command issued a second order for 20 AMR 33 light tanks. [Main Article | CPC]
23 Jun 1933
  • Hermann Göing issued a police directive to suppress all activities of the Social Democratic Party, including meetings and press, and ordered confiscation of all its property. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Jun 1933
  • The Catholic Christian trade unions in Germany were dissolved by Hitler's Government. Many Trade Union leaders were arrested and taken to camps and prisons. [AC]
26 Jun 1933

France
  • The MB.200 bomber took its first flight. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The keel of HMS Amphion was laid down at the Royal Dockyard in Portsmouth, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1933
  • The German National Front (formerly the German National People's Party, DNVP) voted to dissolve itself before being compelled to do so by Hitler. [AC]
1 Jul 1933
  • According to official German government reports published some time this month, 26,789 are in protective custody at various camps by this month. [CPC]
China
  • Vice Admiral Yurikazu Edahara succeeded Vice Admiral Shizue Tsuda as the commanding officer of the Ryojun Military Port (previously known as Port Arthur; now Lushunkou, Liaoning Province, China), Kwantung Leased Territory in northeastern China. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Jul 1933
  • The Bavarian People's Party in Germany dissolved itself. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 4 Jul 1933
Houston dressed with flags, off Tsingtao China, 4 July 1933; note the four-star flag of Admiral Montgomery M. Taylor flying at her forepeak
5 Jul 1933
  • The Center Party in Germany dissolved itself. [CPC]
13 Jul 1933

Germany
  • The "Heil Hitler" salute became compulsory for all public employees in Germany; it was also compulsory during the singing of the National Anthem and the party hymn, the "Horst Wessel" song. Germans unable to raise their right arm through disability were permitted to raise the left. At the same time all public correspondence was supposed to carry the words "Heil Hitler" instead of "Sincerely" or "Best Wishes". [AC]
14 Jul 1933
  • The Nazi Party was officially declared the only legal political party in Germany. [TH]
  • Germany passed laws that allowed revocation of citizenship for naturalized Jews. [CPC]
  • The constitution of the new unified Reich church was passed into law thus giving the National Socialists control over the German church. [AC]
Germany
  • The idea of regular plebiscites was introduced into German law. Hitler explained this action in a speech as to ensure that the acts of the new government ultimately received their "lawful legalization" from the Volk in a more direct form than the medium of parliamentary elections permitted, ie. he was in effect by-passing the Reichstag. [AC]
15 Jul 1933
  • The Reich Food Estate was set up by German law, under the leadership of the party's chief agrarian spokesman, Walther Darré to oversee agricultural production and marketing. [AC]
  • Germany required all corporations to be a member of a cartel to gain monopolistic efficiency. [CPC]
17 Jul 1933
  • A production order was placed by the Czechoslovakian Army for 146 B-534 biplane fighters. [Main Article | AC]
20 Jul 1933
  • After three months of negotiations Hitler's Government signed a concordat with the Vatican; in return for a Papal agreement not to interfere in German politics, the Germans confirmed all the confessional rights of the Catholic Church and the right to Catholic education. On the same day, the German government abolished the jurisdiction of civilian law over the military. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 20 Jul 1933
Cardinal Secretary of State Eugenio Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII) of Vatican City with Vice Chancellor Franz von Papen of Germany during the signing the Reichskonkordat in Rome, Italy, 20 Jul 1933
21 Jul 1933

Photo(s) dated 21 Jul 1933
Augusta off Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii, 21 Jul 1933
25 Jul 1933
  • Germany began to implement the sterilization program for the undesired populations. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Jul 1933
Japanese battleship Hiei at Yokosuka, Japan, 25 Jul 1933
26 Jul 1933
  • German de-naturalized its Jewish citizens. [CPC]
27 Jul 1933

China
  • Nobuyoshi Muto stepped down as the commanding officer of the Japanese Kwantung Army in northeastern China. [CPC]
28 Jul 1933

China
  • General Takashi Hishikari succeeded General Nobuyoshi Muto as the Governor-General of Kwantung Leased Territory in northeastern China. [CPC]
29 Jul 1933

China
  • Takashi Hishikari was named the commanding officer of the Japanese Kwantung Army in northeastern China. [CPC]
1 Aug 1933
  • Hugo Sperrle was promoted to the rank of Obserst. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • Capitaine de vaisseau Donval was named the commanding officer of Jeanne d'Arc. [Main Article | CPC]
Korea
  • Major General Keikichi Ogushi was named the chief of staff of the Japanese Chosen Army in occupied Korea. [CPC]
Taiwan
  • General Iwane Matsui was named the commanding officer of the Taiwan Army. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Aug 1933
  • Chuichi Nagumo was assigned to the committee establishing a training program for naval aviation. [Main Article | CPC]
11 Aug 1933
  • The Soviet Army accepted the five-turreted T-35 heavy tank design for production. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Soviet T-28 medium tank design was accepted for production. [Main Article | CPC]
15 Aug 1933

United Kingdom
  • The keel of HMS Apollo was laid down at the Royal Dockyard in Devonport, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
19 Aug 1933
  • Bolzano was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 19 Aug 1933
Hitler Youth gathering at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 19 Aug 1933
25 Aug 1933

Photo(s) dated 25 Aug 1933
Furutaka with her rails manned, probably during the naval review off Yokohama, Japan, 25 Aug 1933; stripes on smokestake noted her membership in the 6th Sentai (Squadron)
30 Aug 1933

Photo(s) dated 30 Aug 1933
Nazi Party honor guard standing before the rostrum on which Adolf Hitler was addressing a rally, Nürnberg, Germany, 30 Aug-3 Sep 1933
31 Aug 1933
  • Werner von Blomberg was promoted to the rank of Generaloberst. [Main Article | CPC]
12 Sep 1933
  • Godfrey Huggins became the prime minister of British Southern Rhodesia. He would hold the position for twenty years making him the longest serving Prime Minister in Commonwealth history. [AC]
13 Sep 1933
  • The character and powers of Walther Darré's German Reich Food Estate were defined in a law which introduced a nationwide organization of agricultural production, pricing and marketing. [AC]
20 Sep 1933
  • Rudolf Höss applied for a transfer into the SS organization and was given the rank of a SS recruit, SS-Anwärter. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Sep 1933

France
  • The keel of cruiser Georges Leygues was laid down by At. & Ch. de St. Nazaire-Penhoet at Saint-Nazaire, France. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Sep 1933
  • Germany's Reich Culture Ministry passed laws banning Jewish writers and artists. [CPC]
23 Sep 1933
  • Adolf Hitler made an announcement in Nürnberg, Germany stressing the importance of separating the functions of the Nazi SA organization and the German Army. [Main Article | CPC]
27 Sep 1933
  • A national synod at Wittenberg, Germany elected Ludwig Müller as Reich Bishop. Müller would formally accept his appointment by arriving at the same Schlosskirche where Luther had nailed his Ninety-Five to the door four centuries before. Müller was accompanied by church leaders wearing brown SA uniforms and a troop of soldiers in full marching order wearing a green bordered badge depicting the swastika and crucifix interlinked. [AC]
29 Sep 1933
  • Germany passed a hereditary farm law that protected farmers against potential predatory practices by financial institutions, but it also bound the farmers to the land comparable to serfs of the Medieval era. [CPC]
1 Oct 1933
  • Erwin Rommel was made the commander of the 3rd Battalion of the 17th Infantry Regiment at Goslar, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Walther von Brauchitsch was promoted to the rank of Generalleutnant. [Main Article | CPC]
Germany
  • SS official Theodor Eicke expanded the punishment directives at Dachau Concentration Camp in Germany; these directives were later applied to all camps until the end of the European War. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
Japan
  • Prince Hiroyasu was made the chief of the Japanese Naval General Staff. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Oct 1933
  • In Germany, the "Law for Literary Leaders" dictated the content of what could now be written. A section of the law excluded Jews from the press, while another required all editors to be Aryans. [Main Article | CPC]
5 Oct 1933
  • Douglas Bader married Thelma Edwards. [Main Article | CPC]
11 Oct 1933
  • Vendetta was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
14 Oct 1933
  • Germany withdrew from the League of Nations. [TH]
20 Oct 1933
  • Iwane Matsui was promoted to the rank of general. [Main Article | CPC]
23 Oct 1933

France
  • The keel of Marseillaise was laid down by A. C. de la Loire in Nantes, France. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Oct 1933
  • Following Germany's withdrawal from the League of Nations and the International Disarmament Conference 10 days earlier, British Member of Parliament Winston Churchill gave an outspoken warning to the Parliament highlighting the dangers to peace posed by the growth of German military aviation. [Main Article | AC]
29 Oct 1933

Photo(s) dated 29 Oct 1933
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and Kliment Voroshilov at the Republic Day parade in Turkey, 29 Oct 1933
1 Nov 1933

Japan
3 Nov 1933

Germany
  • Heinrich Himmler, Karl Maria Wiligut, and other SS figures visited Schloß Wewelsburg in Büren, Germany. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
6 Nov 1933

Russia
  • The keel of submarine ShCh-307 was laid down by Baltiyskiy Zavod at Leningrad, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
9 Nov 1933

Photo(s) dated 9 Nov 1933
March of Hitler Youth members, 9 Nov 1933
12 Nov 1933
  • The German people were asked to approve Germany's withdrawal from the League of Nations; 89.9% voted "Yes". [AC]
Germany
  • The Reichstag election returned the first completely one-party German parliament. [AC]
13 Nov 1933
  • The Reich Chamber of Culture was officially launched under the auspices of Goebbel's Ministry of Propaganda. Under the executive presidency of Hans Hinkel, a former Freikorps fighter and Nazi Party member, the chamber assumed responsibility for all cultural activity in Germany. [AC]
15 Nov 1933
  • Hiroaki Abe became the commanding officer of Japanese Navy Destroyer Division 23. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chuichi Nagumo was named the commanding officer of heavy cruiser Takao. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Nobutake Kondo was promoted to the rank of rear admiral and was named the chief instructor of the Japanese Naval War College. [Main Article | CPC]
France
  • The keel of Montcalm was laid down by Société Nouvelle des Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée at La Seyne-sur-Mer, France. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Taiwan
  • Vice Admiral Yoshiyuki Niyama was named the commanding officer of the Mako naval port at Pescadores islands, Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
16 Nov 1933
17 Nov 1933
  • The first non-political prisoners were sent to concentration camps in Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Nov 1933
  • Germany passed laws noting that a habitual criminal, defined as a person convicted of two criminal offenses, could be detained in a concentration camp indefinitely. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Dec 1933
  • Cachalot was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
9 Dec 1933

Japan
  • The keel of Shigure was laid down by the Uraga Dock Company in Uraga, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
12 Dec 1933
  • Cruiser Köln returned from her first international voyage. [Main Article | CPC]
16 Dec 1933
  • Cruiser Astoria was launched, sponsored by Miss Leila C. McKay. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Dec 1933

French Indochina
  • France claimed the Spratly Islands and the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea for the colony of Cochinchina, which was a member of the French Indochina federation. [CPC]
24 Dec 1933

Germany
  • Adolf Hitler granted amnesty to the about 27,000 prisoners currently being held in concentration camps; Hermann Göring and Heinrich Himmler would both circumvent this order, resulting in far fewer actually being released. [Main Article | CPC]
27 Dec 1933

Photo(s) dated 27 Dec 1933
Portrait of US President Franklin Roosevelt, 27 Dec 1933

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis




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Chancellor Hitler touring the House of German Art, Munich, Germany, 18 Jul 1937




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