1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914 | 1915 | 1916 | 1917 | 1918 | 1919
1920 | 1921 | 1922 | 1923 | 1924 | 1925 | 1926 | 1927 | 1928 | 1929
1930 | 1931 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934 | 1935 | 1936 | 1937 | 1938 | 1939
1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944 | 1945 | 1946 | 1947 | 1948 | 1949

1 Jan 1934
  • Brummer was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Germany passed the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring". [CPC]
  • Georg von Bismarck was promoted to the rank of Major. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The French Air Force placed an order for 30 examples of MB.200 bombers. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Robert von Greim was promoted to the rank of Major. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Italo Balbo was named the Governor-General of Italian Libya. [CPC]
3 Jan 1934

United States
5 Jan 1934

  • The keel of submarine ShCh-205 was laid down at the Shipyard Named After 61 Communards at Nikolaev, Ukraine. [Main Article | CPC]
15 Jan 1934

  • Boris Shaposhnikov was awarded his first Order of the Red Star. [Main Article | CPC]
17 Jan 1934

  • Vice Admiral Hisao Ichimura was named the commanding officer of Chinkai Guard District in southern Korea. [Main Article | CPC]
20 Jan 1934
  • In Germany, the "Law for the ordering of National Labour" (drafted by the mayor of Leipzig, and future resistance leader, Carl Goerdeler) was established. This gave German managers absolute power to impose wage levels, monitor and discipline the workforce and in some industries restrict the right of employees to change their employment. [AC]
22 Jan 1934

  • Major General Sumei Kuwaki was named the chief of staff of the Taiwan Army. [CPC]
30 Jan 1934
  • The Reichsrat (the second chamber of the German government) was abolished by the Law for the Reconstruction of the Reich. At the same time all provincial parliaments lost their right to draft local legislation. [AC]
31 Jan 1934

  • Chinese artifacts and treasures (19,557 pieces in total, packed in 6,066 crates, transported in five groups) began to be relocated from the Exhibition Office of Ancient Artifacts, the Yiheyuan, and the Hanlin Yuan Imperial Academy in the Beiping area for Shanghai due to the threat of Japanese aggression. [CPC]
1 Feb 1934
  • Werner Mölders was promoted to the rank of Oberfähnrich. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ernst Röhm suggested to the Reich Defence Council that his SA should take over all defence duties and that the German Army be relegated to the task of training his men. [AC]
2 Feb 1934

Photo(s) dated 2 Feb 1934
Vyacheslav Molotov at the funeral of the crewmen of Soviet high-altitude balloon Osoaviakhim-1, Kremlin Wall Necropolis, Moscow, Russia, 2 Feb 1934
6 Feb 1934
  • Werner Mölders began receiving basic flying instructions at the Deutsche Verkehrsfliegerschule in Cottbus, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Han Chinese and Muslim Chinese forces captured Kashgar, Xinjiang, China after defeating the 10,000-strong Khotanlik Uyghur separatist garrison. [Main Article | CPC]
7 Feb 1934

  • Kichisaburo Nomura was awarded the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Feb 1934
Members of the Nazi Party Studen League on march along the Unter den Linden, Berlin, Germany, 7 Feb 1934Members of the Nazi Party Studen League on march along the Wilhelmstraße, Berlin, Germany, 7 Feb 1934
8 Feb 1934

Photo(s) dated 8 Feb 1934
Goebbels, Göring, and Blomberg at the Press Ball, Berlin, Germany, 8 Feb 1934
9 Feb 1934
  • President Roosevelt suspended all civil airmail contracts (effective from 19 Feb 1934) and handed the role over to the United States Army Air Corps. [Main Article | AC]
11 Feb 1934
  • Roger Backhouse was promoted to the rank of admiral. [Main Article | CPC]
12 Feb 1934
  • The four-day-long Austrian Civil War began. [CPC]
15 Feb 1934
  • Adolf Galland joined the Luftwaffe; he would complete basic military training at Dresden, Germany. [Main Article | AC]
16 Feb 1934
  • In Germany the "Cinema Act" added additional restrictions to the content of allowable entertainment. [AC]
  • The parliament of Newfoundland relinquished self-government and turned control of the dominion back to the United Kingdom. [CPC]
17 Feb 1934
  • A new German law gave the Nazi Party Courts (introduced by Hitler as early as 1921) full judicial status with the right to investigate and punish petty misdemeanours by NSDAP members (e.g. Failure to pay dues, immoral behaviour, a criminal record or simply loss of interest in Party affairs). [AC]
  • King Albert I of Belgium died in a mountaineering accident. He would be succeeded by his son, Prince Leopold. [Main Article | AC]
21 Feb 1934

  • German President Paul von Hindenburg approved the wearing of Nazi badges by German soldiers. [AC]
23 Feb 1934
  • Leopold III became the King of Belgium. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 23 Feb 1934
Nazi Party SA military police men on march in the funeral procession of SS-Gruppenführers Seidel-Dittmarsch, 23 Feb 1934
25 Feb 1934

  • The order for the German army to commence wearing Nazi party badges was published in Militär-Wochenblatt No. 32. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 25 Feb 1934
Joseph Goebbels, Adolf Hitler, and Werner von Blomberg on Remembrance Day in Berlin, Germany, 25 Feb 1934German leaders at Berlin Heroes Memorial, Germany, 25 Feb 1934; L to R: Neurath, Graf Schwerin-Krosigk, Lippert, Frick, Schmidt, Raeder, Hitler, Papen, Goebbels, Hindenburg, Göring, Blomberg, FritschGerman officials Krosigk, Papen, Neurath, and Goebbels at Unter den Linden, Berlin, Germany on Remembrance Day, 25 Feb 1934Swearing in of Nazi Party leaders at Lustgarten, Berlin, Germany, 25 Feb 1934
27 Feb 1934
  • The "Law for the Organic Reconstruction of Germany's Economic System" established a national structure of chambers under Albert Pietzsch's Reich Economic Chamber (Reichswirtschaftskammer). All previous economic associations were abolished to be replaced by six national chambers representing industry, commerce, handicraft, banking, insurance and energy supply. [AC]
28 Feb 1934
  • The German Army ordered the dismissal of all "Jews" (all non-Aryans) from military service. [Main Article | AC]
  • At a conference in the Great Hall of the Army General Staff Building on Bendlerstrasse, Berlin, Germany, Hitler told the assembled senior Army and SA officers in no uncertain terms that the Army would be the sole bearer of arms, although for the time being the SA would continue its frontier protection duties and paramilitary training. In addition Hitler informed the delegates that the Army must be organized to carry out training to be ready for a defensive war in five years and a war of aggression in eight years. [Main Article | AC]
1 Mar 1934
  • Werner Mölders was promoted to the rank of Leutnant; he also transferred to the Luftwaffe on this date. [Main Article | CPC]
  • George Patton was promoted to the permanent rank of lieutenant colonel. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Zhang Jinghui, already the head of the Ministry of Defense of the puppet state of Manchukuo since 1932, was named the Minister of Defense. [Main Article | CPC]
  • As the Manchukuo Department of Finance was reformed as the Finance Ministry, Xi Qia was named its first minister. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 Mar 1934
Kangde Emperor of puppet state of Manchukuo at his coronation ceremony, Xinjing, China, 1 Mar 1934
5 Mar 1934

  • Juzo Nishio was named the chief of staff of Takashi Hishikari (Japanese Kwantung Army in northeastern China). [CPC]
  • Hiroshi Nemoto was givern responsibility of the production of munitions in Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The order for the construction of destroyer Garland was issued to the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering of Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
7 Mar 1934

Photo(s) dated 7 Mar 1934
Cachalot leaving the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Kittery, Maine, United States, for a 5,000-mile endurance test, 7 Mar 1934
16 Mar 1934

  • Soviet troops captured Korla, Xinjiang, China. [Main Article | CPC]
20 Mar 1934

French Indochina
  • Emperor Bao Dai married Marie-Thérèse Nguyen Huu Thi Lan, a commonor from a wealthy Vietnamese family, in the Imperial City in Hue, Annam, French Indochina. She was renamed Nam Phuong upon the marriage. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Mar 1934
  • In Germany an emergency decree made it an offence to spread malicious gossip, spread defeatist of demoralizing comments, make defamatory remarks about political figures or the Nazi Party, or utter remarks likely to cause "foreign policy difficulties". [AC]
  • The Nazi German regime reintroduced Sondergerichte Courts, special courts without the usual safeguards in legal procedure, to deal with political cases. [AC]
24 Mar 1934
  • The Philippine Commonwealth was established. [CPC]
27 Mar 1934

Photo(s) dated 27 Mar 1934
Aerial view of German light cruiser Karlsruhe underway off San Diego, California, United States, 27 Mar 1934; note off-centerline positioning of turrets
28 Mar 1934

  • The German Prussian ministry warned of the consequences of allowing children in Rhineland of mix heritage to reproduce; these children were mostly offsprings of German women and African occupation soldiers. In 1937, these children would be among those arrested by the Gestapo and sterilized. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The British Naval Board suggested that HMS Phaeton, currently under construction, should be transferred to Australia to replace the aging cruiser HMAS Brisbane. It was recommended that the ship was to be renamed HMAS Sydney. [Main Article | CPC]
29 Mar 1934

  • Germany published its defence estimates which were increased by one-third and include an increase of 250% for the Luftwaffe. [AC]
31 Mar 1934
1 Apr 1934
  • Wilhelm Keitel was promoted to the rank of Generalmajor. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rudolf Höss was accepted into the SS organization and was given the rank of SS-Mann. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Hamburgischer Correspondent, a German newspaper that had been in print since 1710, was dissolved by the Nazi German government; its assets were acquired by the publisher Hermanns Erben. [CPC]
  • Germany formed the Hanseatische Fliegerschule e. V. air unit based at Fassberg, Germany. [CPC]
  • Georg von Küchler was promoted to the rank of major general. [Main Article | CPC]
5 Apr 1934
  • Kuniaki Koiso was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun, 1st Class. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Apr 1934

  • Ma Zhongying and his forces arrived at Kashgar, Xinjiang, China. [Main Article | CPC]
11 Apr 1934
  • The pocket battleship Deutschland sailed from Kiel, Germany as a part of the spring manoeuvres. On board were Hitler and his leading army and navy commanders. It was thought that during the voyage Minister of Defence Blomberg nominated Hitler as a candidate for the Presidency (and thus making him Supreme Commander of the Army). [Main Article | AC]
12 Apr 1934
  • German justice department issued orders to prevent "improper usage of protective custody" to prevent those who did not deserve to be sent to concentration camps from being sent there; this ruling remained valid until 1938. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chiang Kaishek stepped down as the commandant of the Chinese Central Aviation Academy at Jianqio Airfield, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China, handing the resonsibility over to Lieutenant General Zhou Zhirou. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
16 Apr 1934

  • Chinese 36th Division captured Yangi Hissar, Xinjiang, China, killing all surviving Uyghur defenders of the originally 500-strong garrison. Khotanlik separate leader Emir Nur Ahmad Jan Bughra was captured and executed. [Main Article | CPC]
17 Apr 1934
  • Ilmarinen was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Fairey Swordfish Torpedo bomber took flight for the first time. [Main Article | AC]
18 Apr 1934
  • Japan requested western powers to stay out of China. [CPC]
20 Apr 1934
  • Rudolf Höss was promoted to the rank of SS-Sturmmann. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hermann Göring transferred control of the Gestapo secret police organization to Heinrich Himmler. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Heinrich Himmler appointed Reinhard Heydrich the head of Gestapo in Prussia, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • The British Cabinet approved the 28 Mar 1934 proposal from the Naval Board, which suggested the transfer of HMS Phaeton, currently under construction, to Australia as HMAS Sydney. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Apr 1934

Photo(s) dated 21 Apr 1934
Pennsylvania steaming in Panama Bay with her 14-in guns trained out to port, on 21 Apr 1934Heavy cruiser USS Chester leading her sister ships, USS Salt Lake City, USS Pensacola, and USS Northampton during Fleet Problem XV in Panama Bay, Panama, 21 Apr 1934.
23 Apr 1934

  • The Sonnenburg and Brandenburg concentration camps closed. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Apr 1934

  • In Germany, a Supreme Court was created in Berlin to take on the most serious cases of treason. [AC]
25 Apr 1934

Photo(s) dated 25 Apr 1934
Franklin Roosevelt presenting Hiram Bearss and David Dixon Porter Medals of Honor, White House, Washington DC, United States, 25 Apr 1934
26 Apr 1934

28 Apr 1934
  • USS Astoria was commissioned into service with Captain Edmund S. Root in command. [Main Article | CPC]
29 Apr 1934
  • Kuniaki Koiso was awarded the Order of the Sacred Treasure, 1st Class and the Order of the Golden Kite, 2nd Class. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Prince Hiroyasu was awarde Collar of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kichisaburo Nomura was awarded the Order of the Golden Kite Second Class. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kenkichi Ueda was awarded Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun (1st Class) and Order of the Golden Kite 3rd Class. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Apr 1934
  • Bernhard Rust was named the Minister of Science, Education and National Culture (Reichserziehungsminister) of Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
1 May 1934
  • During this month, SS leader Theodor Eicke was given the task by Heinrich Himmler to reorganize all concentration camps, using Eicke's former direct responsiblity, Dachu Concentration Camp, as a model. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 1 May 1934
First prototype of T-35 heavy tank on parade, Moscow, Russia, 1 May 1934, photo 2 of 2First prototype of T-35 heavy tank on parade, Moscow, Russia, 1 May 1934, photo 1 of 2
3 May 1934
5 May 1934

  • The Hero of the Soviet Union award was established by the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union. [CPC]
9 May 1934

United States
15 May 1934
  • In Germany, the "Unified Theatre Law" gave the Reich Chamber of Culture the right to dictate the content of what could be performed. [AC]
  • Germany banned workers from changing jobs without official authorization. [CPC]
19 May 1934
  • Minneapolis was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
  • A military coup d'état in Bulgaria seized power and abolished political parties. King Boris III was reduced to the status of a puppet king, but within a year he would lead a successful counter coup that would overthrow the military leaders. [Main Article | AC]
23 May 1934

United States
  • Bank robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were killed in a shoot out in Bienville Parish, Louisiana, United States. [AC]
25 May 1934
  • Concentration camps in Emsland, Lower Saxony, Germany were placed under the jurisdiction of the German justice department; the SA provided guards for the camps. [Main Article | CPC]
29 May 1934

Photo(s) dated 29 May 1934
P-26A Peashooter fighter in a 30x60 full scale tunnel at a Boeing facility in California, United States, 29 May 1934
30 May 1934
  • Rejecting the authority of the new Reich Bishop, representatives of almost half of the Evangelical Churches in Germany met at Barmen in Westphalia where they declared a break-away Confessing Church (Bekenntniskirche) founded upon a theological declaration drafted by Karl Barth and two other young clergymen in a hotel room in Frankfurt-am-Main a few days before. [AC]
31 May 1934

Photo(s) dated 31 May 1934
Indianapolis in New York Harbor with President Roosevelt onboard, 31 May 1934Coast Guard Cutter Mojave saluted President Franklin Roosevelt aboard cruiser Indianapolis, New York Harbor, 31 May 1934Aircraft flew over Indianapolis during fleet review off New York City, 31 May 1934Indianapolis hosted Franklin Roosevelt during the 31 May 1934 fleet review off New York City
See all photos dated 31 May 1934
1 Jun 1934
  • Bernhard Rust officially assumed his position as the Minister of Science, Education and National Culture (Reichserziehungsminister) of Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The first AMR 33 light tanks were delivered to the French Army. [Main Article | CPC]
4 Jun 1934
  • America's fourth aircraft carrier, USS Ranger, was commissioned at Norfolk, Virginia, United States under the command of Captain A. L. Bristol. Although smaller than the USS Lexington and USS Saratoga, Ranger was the first US carrier to be designed and built as such from the keel up. Ranger which cost $20,000,000 to build incorporated many design features that led to the more functional vessels of World War II. [Main Article | AC]
  • In a four-hour meeting German Chancellor Adolf Hitler instructed SA leader Ernsrt Röhm to send the 4,500,000 men of the SA on leave for the month of Jul 1934 and Röhm himself to take sick leave for a few weeks. [Main Article | AC]
5 Jun 1934

  • As the flagship of Rear Admiral Wang Shouting, with a training crew, Ninghai arrived at Yokohama, Japan to attend the funeral of Admiral Heihachiro Togo. Upon the completion of the funeral, she set sail for Harima, Japan for an overhaul. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Jun 1934

  • Prince Albert (later King Albert II) of Belgium was born at Stuyvenberg Castle on the outskirts of Brussels, Belgium. [AC]
7 Jun 1934
  • Nazi Party SA leader Ernst Röhm went on leave upon learning of a potential political attack on him. [CPC]
United Kingdom
  • At a large British Union of Fascists rally, attended by 15,000 people who had come to hear Oswald Mosley speak, including some 2,000 Blackshirts acting as stewards, at the Olympia Stadium in London, England, United Kingdom a couple of thousand communist infiltrators heckled to the point where open mass brawling broke out when hecklers were removed by the stewards. This resulted in such bad publicity that the party lost support from many of its influential supporters, who defected away in protest of Mosley's ever more radical and authoritarian methods. [Main Article | AC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Jun 1934
Nagano, Nimitz, and other officers of various countries at Admiral Heihachiro Togo
8 Jun 1934
  • Cuttlefish was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
9 Jun 1934
  • Cruiser Köln began gunnery drills with pocket battleship Deutschland. [Main Article | CPC]
10 Jun 1934

Photo(s) dated 10 Jun 1934
Members of the Hitler Youth at Tempelhofer Feld, Berlin, Germany, 10 Jun 1934Hitler Youth camp at the Tempelhof Field in Berlin, Germany, 10 Jun 1934
11 Jun 1934

  • Rudolf Höss participated in a new SS members' gathering and inspection at Stettin, Germany (now Szczecin, Poland). He met with Heinrich Himmler, an old passing acquaintance, who asked him to transfer from his original task of raising horses for the SS to a new position in the concentration camps system. [Main Article | CPC]
13 Jun 1934
  • Adolf Hitler and Mussolini met in Venice, Italy; Mussolini later described the German dictator as "a silly little monkey". [Main Article | CPC]
14 Jun 1934

Photo(s) dated 14 Jun 1934
Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini walking in front of saluting military during Hitler
17 Jun 1934
  • Vice-Chancellor von Papen made a speech at Marburg University in Germany in which he protested about the Nazi control of the press and warning against further radicalism. The Nazi leaders meanwhile were spending that Sunday with the Führer, Hitler, at a conference in Thuringia, Germany, and to them Papen's speech sounded like a rallying call for counter-revolution. Publication of the speech was banned by Goebbels, who was a main target of much of Papen's criticism. [Main Article | AC]
18 Jun 1934
  • Farragut was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
20 Jun 1934
  • German Vice Chancellor Franz von Papen complained to President Paul von Hindenburg of the censoring of his 17 Jun 1934 speech by the Nazi Party, threatening to resign if nothing would be done to improve the situation. [Main Article | CPC]
21 Jun 1934
  • German President Paul von Hindenburg, with Minister of War Werner von Blomberg at his side, met with Adolf Hitler. Hindenburg told Hitler to back down politically, or he would declare martial law, which would remove powers from Hitler, giving them to the military instead. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Jun 1934
  • Ferdinand Porsche agreed to embark on Hitler's Volkswagen project. [CPC]
25 Jun 1934

  • German Army General Werner von Fritsch put the army on alert based on the intelligence of a possible putsch by the Nazi Party SA organization. [Main Article | CPC]
27 Jun 1934

  • Sepp Dietrich requested the German Reichwehr authorities for arms so that the Liebstandarte could carry out what he called "a secret and most important mission ordered by the Führer" (ie. the slaughter of dissident elements within the SA). [Main Article | AC]
28 Jun 1934
  • Cruiser Köln completed gunnery drills with pocket battleship Deutschland. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Ernst Röhm was relieved of his position as the leader of the Nazi Party SA organization. [CPC]
  • Generalleutnant Ewald von Kleist, the German Army Commander in the Silesia region, was alarmed to discover from a local SA commander that both SS and SA units were arming for an attack on each other. [Main Article | AC]
29 Jun 1934
  • Adolf Hitler visited Nazi Party camps in Westphalia, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Generalleutnant Ewald von Kleis flew to Berlin, Germany to warn General Werner von Fritsch of the impending violence between the SS and SA organizations of the Nazi Party. When Fritsch informed Walther von Reichenau at the Defence Ministry the latter simply replied that it was "too late now". [Main Article | AC]
30 Jun 1934
  • Admiral Graf Spee was launched. [Main Article | CPC]
  • "Night of the Long Knives" began a week of murder and political purging throughout Germany. [TH]
  • Oranienburg Concentration Camp in Germany was transferred under the jurisdiction of the German justice department. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
  • Gregor Strasser was arrested at his home on the pretext that he was conspiring to overturn the state, and was shot by an SS captain a few hours later in a cell in the secret police headquarters in Berlin, Germany. [AC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jun 1934
Admiral Graf Spee
1 Jul 1934
  • During this month, as "Night of the Long Knives" shattered the SA organization in Germany, the SS took over control of guarding concentration camps. [Main Article | CPC]
  • On Adolf Hitler's orders, Ernst Röhm, the head of the SA, was shot in a cell at Stadelheim prison in München (Munich), Germany by Theodor Eicke, the SS Commandant of the local Dachau Concentration Camp. [AC]
2 Jul 1934
  • German President Paul von Hindenburg expressed appreciation for Adolf Hitler's decisiveness in executing the measures to put down the putsch by the Nazi Party SA organization before it took shape. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Jul 1934
  • At a German cabinet meeting a law was agreed that murder without trial was lawful if done for the defence of the state. [AC]
  • The French Army issued an order for 92 AMR 35 light tanks. [Main Article | CPC]
  • In his Order of the Day, German Minister of War Werner von Blomberg praised Adolf Hitler's soldierly decision and the exemplary courage used to wipe out traitors and mutineers of the Nazi Party SA organization. [Main Article | CPC, AC]
7 Jul 1934
  • German SS official Theodor Eicke was appointed the Inspector of Concentration Camps and of SS Guard Associations. [Main Article | CPC]
9 Jul 1934

Photo(s) dated 9 Jul 1934
USS Astoria entering Honolulu harbor during her shakedown cruise, US Territory of Hawaii, 9 Jul 1934
10 Jul 1934

  • Viktor Abakumov was assigned to the Economic Department of the GUGB of the Soviet NKVD. [Main Article | CPC]
12 Jul 1934

  • Hermann Göring, the German Reichstag President, announced that Adolf Hitler was above the law. [Main Article | AC]
13 Jul 1934

  • Adolf Hitler claimed to the German Reichstag that the Night of the Long Knives massacres were justified as the Nazi Party SA organization was planning a putsch. Although Hitler presented no concrete evidence, the Reichstag accepted the claim, thus legalizing the murders. [Main Article | AC]
20 Jul 1934
  • The British Government proposed the expansion of the RAF by 41 squadrons over the next five years. It was considered to be an unnecessary and panic measure by both the Labour and Liberal Parties and was censured by both. [AC]
22 Jul 1934

United States
  • The outlaw, John Dillinger, was slain in a murderous FBI ambush outside a cinema in Chicago, Illinois, United States. [AC]
23 Jul 1934

  • The keel of ShCh-317 was laid down at Shipyard 194 named after A. Marti in Leningrad, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
25 Jul 1934
  • Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuß was assassinated by members of the Nazi Party. [TH]
26 Jul 1934

  • The SS became an independent organization of the Nazi Party; its chief, Heinrich Himmler, would report directly to Adolf Hitler. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Jul 1934

  • A constitutional convention was convened in Manila, Philippine Islands to establish the Filipino constitution. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Jul 1934
USS S-35, 30 Jul 1934
31 Jul 1934
1 Aug 1934
  • Yoshijiro Umezu was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The Central Aviation Academy began a basic flight training program at Nanchang Airfield, Nanchang Jiangxi Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hiroshi Nemoto was promoted to the rank of colonel. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Kenkichi Ueda was named the commanding officer of the Japanese Chosen Army in occupied Korea, relieving Yoshiyuki Kawashima. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kenkichi Ueda was made the commanding officer of the Japanese Chosen Army in Korea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • ShCh-307 was launched by Baltiyskiy Zavod at Leningrad, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Viktor Abakumov was assigned to GULAG department of the Soviet NKVD. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Field Marshal Count Hisaichi Terauchi was named the commanding officer of the Taiwan Army. [CPC]
2 Aug 1934
  • German President Paul von Hindenburg died; Hitler seized dictatorial powers as Führer, which was the combination of president, chancellor, and chief of armed forces. [CPC]
  • Hitler changed the military oath so that German servicemen now swore allegiance to Hitler rather than the country. [Main Article | CPC]
7 Aug 1934

Photo(s) dated 7 Aug 1934
Adolf Hitler speaking at Paul von Hindenburg
8 Aug 1934

  • Per orders given by Adolf Hitler six days prior, the German Wehrmacht swore a personal oath of loyalty to Hitler rather than to the country. [Main Article | AC]
United Kingdom
  • Roderick Carr was assigned to RAF Gosport, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
15 Aug 1934
  • Captain G. Fraser was named the commanding officer of HMS Hermes, relieving Captain W. B. Mackenzie. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Oskar von Hindenburg, son of the recently deceased German President Paul von Hindenburg, falsely proclaimed that it was his father's wish to have Adolf Hiter succeeded him as the President of Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
17 Aug 1934
  • Tuscaloosa was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
19 Aug 1934
  • Hitler officially became the Führer und Reichskanzler of Germany. [Main Article | TH]
22 Aug 1934

United Kingdom
  • The keel of Garland was laid down by the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering in Govan, Scotland, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
28 Aug 1934

Photo(s) dated 28 Aug 1934
Battleship Haruna undergoing post-modernization trials, 28 Aug 1934
4 Sep 1934

  • Adolf Hitler arrived at Nürnberg, Germany for the 4th Nazi Party rally. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Hawker submitted the "F.36/34 Single-Seat Fighter-High Speed Monoplane" design to the British Air Ministry. [Main Article | CPC]
5 Sep 1934

Japan Photo(s) dated 5 Sep 1934
Adolf Hitler speaking before a Nazi Party rally at Nürnberg, Germany, 5-10 Sep 1934
6 Sep 1934

Photo(s) dated 6 Sep 1934
Carrier Ryujo underway off Iyo, Japan in the Inland Sea, 6 Sep 1934, photo 1 of 2Adolf Hitler, Viktor Lutze, and Heinrich Himmler at a Nazi Party rally, Nürnberg, Germany, 5-10 Sep 1934, photo 1 of 2Adolf Hitler, Viktor Lutze, and Heinrich Himmler at a Nazi Party rally, Nürnberg, Germany, 5-10 Sep 1934, photo 2 of 2Carrier Ryujo underway off Iyo, Japan in the Inland Sea, 6 Sep 1934, photo 2 of 2
7 Sep 1934

  • Franz von Papen arrived at Nürnberg, Germany for the 4th Nazi Party rally. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 7 Sep 1934
Hitler Youth members at a Nazi Party rally, Nürnberg, Germany, 5-10 Sep 1934
8 Sep 1934

Photo(s) dated 8 Sep 1934
Hitler Youth members on the parade ground during the Nazi Party rally, Nürnberg, Germany, 5-10 Sep 1934
9 Sep 1934

  • Adolf Hitler reviewed a SA formation at the 4th Nazi Party rally in Nürnberg, Germany; in light of the recent purge of the SA, the SS placed a very heavy guard around Hitler's reviewing stand, but the parade would be uneventful. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 9 Sep 1934
Heinrich Himmler and actress Leni Riefenstahl, Luitpold Arena, Nürnberg, Germany, 9 Sep 1934
10 Sep 1934

  • After a mock battle conducted by the German Army, the 4th Nazi Party rally at Nürnberg, Germany at the end of the day. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 10 Sep 1934
Leni Riefenstahl filming a Nazi Party rally, Nürnberg, Germany, 5-10 Sep 1934SA and SS men marching during a Nazi Party rally in Nürnberg, Germany, 10 Sep 1934
11 Sep 1934

Photo(s) dated 11 Sep 1934
German filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl filming the Nazi Party rally in Nürnberg, Germany, Sep 1934
12 Sep 1934
  • The prototype of Gloster Gladiator (K5200), the RAFs last biplane fighter, took flight for the first time. [Main Article | AC]
15 Sep 1934

  • Algérie was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
16 Sep 1934
  • Lutherans protested against the Nazi Party in Munich, Germany. [CPC]
18 Sep 1934

  • Lorraine began a period of refitting at Brest, France. [Main Article | CPC]
22 Sep 1934
  • Sir Alan Cobham attempted to make a non-stop flight from England to India in an Airspeed As 5 Courier (G-ABXN). The flight relied upon in-flight refueling by Sir Alan's two Handley Page W.10 aircraft over Portsmouth, England, United Kingdom and Malta, and by RAF tankers at Aboukir, Egypt and Basra, Iraq. The fuel transfers were successfully completed off Selsey Bill in England and over Halfar aerodrome in Malta, but soon after this a disconnected throttle control forced Sir Alan to make an emergency landing at Halfar, where the record-breaking attempt was abandoned. [AC]
  • The first stage of renovations at the SS castle of Schloß Wewelsburg in Büren, Germany was completed, and a ceremony was held to mark the transfer of its possession to Heinrich Himmler. [Main Article | Facility | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • HMS Phaeton was launched at Wallsend on Tyne, England, United Kingdom, sponsored by Mrs. Ethel Bruce, the wife of the High Commissioner of Australia to the United Kingdom Stanley Bruce. [Main Article | CPC]
26 Sep 1934

United Kingdom
  • RMS Queen Mary was launched at Clydebank, Scotland, United Kingdom. The Queen Mary would play a vital role in the war; transporting hundreds of thousands of Allied troops across the world's oceans. [Main Article | AC]
United States
  • USS Astoria arrived at San Francisco, California, United States. [Main Article | CPC]
30 Sep 1934
  • Erwin Rommel met Adolf Hitler for the first time. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Reich Minister of Economics Hjalmar Schacht reported to Adolf Hitler on his progress of planning the German economy for war. [CPC]
Photo(s) dated 30 Sep 1934
Adolf Hitler welcomed by a honor guard at Goslar, Germany, 30 Sep 1934; note Captain Erwin Rommel in background
1 Oct 1934
  • Georg von Bismarck became the commanding officer of a motorized reconnissance unit. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Adolf Galland was commissioned Leutnant, and was posted to Fighter Instructor JFS (fighter pilots school), Schleissheim, Germany. [Main Article | AC]
  • Wolfgang Falck was promoted to the rank of Leutnant and was retired from the German Army for transfer to the secret German air force. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Walter Dornberger was given command of a powder rocket training battery at Königsbrück, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • Benjamin Kelsey was promoted to the rank of first lieutenant. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Oct 1934

  • The Fascists of Gil Robles entered the Spanish government sparking four days of violence by the workers in Barcelona and Asturias. [AC]
5 Oct 1934

  • In Spain, about 200 mine workers from Mieres, a small and dismal village twenty miles south of Oviedo, armed with revolvers and dynamite, formed the first company of this resistance movement. Three companies of soldiers and policemen were sent against them but, after several hours of fighting, the better armed government troops were beaten. The news of this stirred up a widespread anti-government rebellion throughout the Asturias region in northern Spain. [AC]
6 Oct 1934

  • In Barcelona, Spain, the Catalan Nationalist leaders proclaimed the establishment of the Catalan Republic from the balcony of the Generalidad but refrained from turning the 10,000 armed police against the workers' militias. [AC]
United States
  • Northrop Corporation delivered the militarized 2C variant of the Gamma aircraft design to the US Army Air Corps for evaluation. [Main Article | CPC]
15 Oct 1934
  • Erwin Rommel was posted to the Infantry School at Potsdam, Germany as an instructor. [Main Article | CPC]
Photo(s) dated 15 Oct 1934
Carrier Akagi off Osaka, Japan with B1M and B2M aircraft on board, 15 Oct 1934
16 Oct 1934
  • Chinese communists began the Long March. [CPC]
18 Oct 1934

United States
  • Joseph Rochefort received a perfect fitness report from his commanding officer. [Main Article | CPC]
20 Oct 1934

Photo(s) dated 20 Oct 1934
Yamashiro undergoing reconstruction, Yokosuka, Japan, 20 Oct 1934
23 Oct 1934
  • Italian pilot Francesco Agelio set a new world speed record of 440.682 mph (709.209 km/h) in a Macchi MC 72 racing seaplane. Remarkably this still remains the unbeaten speed record for piston-engined seaplanes. [AC]
1 Nov 1934
  • Cruiser Köln began two months of repairs at Wilhelmshaven, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Kohei Ochi was named the chief of staff of Chinkai Guard District in southern Korea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Rear Admiral Tsuyoshi Kobata was named the Chief of Staff of the Mako naval port at Pescadores islands, Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
6 Nov 1934

  • Submarine ShCh-205 was launched at the Shipyard Named After 61 Communards at Nikolaev, Ukraine. [Main Article | CPC]
12 Nov 1934
  • Admiral Scheer was commissioned into service. [Main Article | CPC]
13 Nov 1934

  • Nazi Party Christians held a rally at the Sportpalast in Berlin, Germany, during which party officially announced what amounted to the Nazification of Christianity. [CPC]
15 Nov 1934
  • Captain Chuichi Nagumo was named the commanding officer of the battleship Yamashiro. [Main Article | Tabular Record of Movement | CPC]
  • Isoroku Yamamoto was promoted to the rank of vice admiral. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Hiroaki Abe was transferred out of Japanese Navy Destroyer Division 23. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Chuichi Nagumo was named the commanding officer of battleship Yamashiro. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vice Admiral Kichijiro Hamada succeeded Vice Admiral Yurikazu Edahara as the commanding officer of the Ryojun Military Port (previously known as Port Arthur; now Lushunkou, Liaoning Province, China), Kwantung Leased Territory in northeastern China. [Main Article | CPC]
Japan Korea
  • Vice Admiral Seizaburo Kobayashi was named the commanding officer of Chinkai Guard District in southern Korea. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Vice Admiral Hiroshi Ono was named the commanding officer of the Mako naval port at Pescadores islands, Taiwan. [Main Article | CPC]
16 Nov 1934
  • Emperor Showa visited the Nakajima aircraft plant at Ota, Gunma Prefecture, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
17 Nov 1934

  • The first manufacturing drawing of the fuselage of the later-christened Hurricane fighter was completed. [Main Article | CPC]
18 Nov 1934

United Kingdom
  • HMS Hermes departed Portsmouth, England, United Kingdom. [Main Article | CPC]
23 Nov 1934
  • The Dornier Do 17 twin-engine medium bomber took flight for the first time. [Main Article | AC]
  • Nazi Party member Arthur Greiser became the President of the Senate of Danzig. [CPC]
27 Nov 1934

  • Jiang Dingwen was named the director of the anti-corruption office of Fujian Province, China. [Main Article | CPC]
28 Nov 1934
  • Rudolf Höss was promoted to the rank of SS-Unterscharführer. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Kenkichi Ueda was promoted to the rank of general. [Main Article | CPC]
United Kingdom
  • Winston Churchill warned the House of Commons that should Britain be attacked by hostile forces from the air, as many as 40,000 Londoners would be lost in the first week of war. [Main Article | CPC]
1 Dec 1934
  • British Air Ministry issued a contract to Supermarine for monoplane fighters powered by the Rolls-Royce PV 12 Merlin engines; they would later be named Spitfire. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Sergei Kirov, the popular Secretary of the Leningrad Communist Party, was assassinated by Leonid Nikolaev, an unemployed Party member, as he walked to his office in the Smolny Institute. [AC]
  • Rudolf Höss arrived in München (Munich), Germany and would soon depart for his new posting at Dachau Concentration Camp. [Main Article | CPC]
3 Dec 1934
  • The Soviet Politburo approved a new law drafted by Stalin following Kirov's assassination. The new law provided that acts of terrorism were to be investigated for no more than ten days; that there would be no prosecution or defence attorneys; no appeals; and sentences of those convicted of terrorist acts were to be carried out within twenty-four hours. Whilst torture of prisoners was not officially sanctioned by the law, the interrogators were generally free to mistreat their prisoners in order to extract confessions. [AC]
4 Dec 1934

  • The keel of submarine ShCh-313 was laid down by Baltiyskiy Zavod at Leningrad, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
5 Dec 1934
  • Representatives of Italy and Abyssinia disputed over the prior month's border incident at Walwal. [Main Article | CPC]
10 Dec 1934
  • All concentration camps in Germany were transferred under the Inspekteur der KL (Inspector for Concentration Camps, or IKL), who was a part of the SS organization; the only exception was the Kislau Concentration Camp, which remained under the Interior Ministry of Baden. [Main Article | CPC]
  • General Jiro Minami succeeded General Takashi Hishikari as the Governor-General of Kwantung Leased Territory and the commanding officer of the Japanese Kwantung Army in northeastern China. [Main Article | CPC]
15 Dec 1934

  • Masafumi Arima became a naval logistics instructor. [Main Article | CPC]
17 Dec 1934

  • The first production example of GL-832 HY floatplane took its first flight. [Main Article | CPC]
18 Dec 1934

United Kingdom
  • Hawker Aviation furnished further engine data to its manufacturing engineers. [Main Article | CPC]
20 Dec 1934
  • In Germany a new law, "Law against malicious slander of state and party and to protect party uniforms", allowed for the arrest of anyone wearing uniforms without permission or making fun of them. [AC]
22 Dec 1934

  • Zang Shiyi visited Emperor Showa in Tokyo, Japan. [Main Article | CPC]
24 Dec 1934

Photo(s) dated 24 Dec 1934
Holland with submarines Cachalot, Dolphin, Barracuda, Bass, Bonita, Nautilus, and Narwhal, 24 Dec 1934Yamashiro running trials off Tateyama, Japan, 24 Dec 1934
29 Dec 1934
  • Japan renounced the Naval Treaties of 1922 and 1930. [Main Article | CPC]
  • Karl von Le Suire was awarded the Honor Cross of the World War 1914-1918. [Main Article | CPC]
31 Dec 1934
  • Werner Mölders completed basic flying training at the Deutsche Verkehrsfliegerschule in Cottbus, Germany. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of ShCh-320 was laid down at A. Marti shipyard (Yard 194) at Leningrad, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
  • The keel of submarine ShCh-324 was laid down by the Krasnoye Sormovo Factory No. 112 named after Andrei Zhdanov at Gorkiy, Russia. [Main Article | CPC]
United States
  • The US War Department authorised the creation of a General Headquarters for the Army Air Corps, to be effective from 1 Mar 1935. Brigadier-General Frank M. Andrews was to head this new organisation at Langley Field, Virginia, with three tactical wings based at Langley, Barksdale (Louisiana) and March (California) Fields. The US Army's aviation branch thereby gained increased influence at planning levels as Andrews became a member of the General Staff. [AC]

Timeline Section Founder: Thomas Houlihan
Contributors: Alan Chanter, C. Peter Chen, Thomas Houlihan, David Stubblebine
Special Thanks: Rory Curtis

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B-25 Mitchell bombers of 42nd Bomber Group, US 69th Bomber Squadron at Cape Sansapor, New Guinea, Sep 1944-Feb 1945

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Winston Churchill, on the RAF